Sanz

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For other uses, see Sanz (disambiguation).

The Sanz (or Tsanz) Hasidic dynasty was founded by Rabbi Chaim Halberstam (1793–1876) who was the rabbi of Nowy Sącz (Sanz, Yiddish: צאנז Tsanz) and the author of the work Divrei Chaim by which name he is known as well. He was a son-in-law of Rabbi Boruch Frankel Thumim (1760–1828), the rabbi of Lipník nad Bečvou (לייפניק Leipnik) and author of the work Boruch Taam.

Founder of dynasty[edit]

The Divrei Chaim was a disciple of Rabbi Naftali of Ropshitz, who was a disciple of Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk, a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch, the leading disciple of the Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidism.

The Divrei Chaim had fourteen children; his seven sons were:

  1. Rabbi Yechezkel Shraga Halberstam (1814–1898) of Shinive;
  2. Rabbi Duvid Halberstam (1821–1894) of Kshaniv;
  3. Rabbi Myer Nosson Halberstam (1827–1855), father of Rabbi Shlomo Halberstam, the first Bobover Rebbe;
  4. Rabbi Boruch Halberstam (1829–1906) of Gorlice (גארליץ Gorlitz);
  5. Rabbi Aharon Halberstam, his successor in Nowy Sącz;
  6. Rabbi Shulem Lazer Halberstam of Ratzfert (1862–1944), who was murdered by the Nazis in the Holocaust;
  7. Rabbi Yeshaye Halberstam of Czchów (טשחויווTshkhoiv) (1864–1944), who was also murdered by the Nazis;

and seven daughters; among them a daughter Reitza who married Rabbi Mordecai Dov Twerski, the Admor of Hornsteipl.

Offshoots[edit]

Bobov[edit]

  • Grand Rabbi Chaim Halberstam (1793–1876) of Sanz
    • Rabbi Mayer Noson Halberstam (1827–1855), son of Rabbi Chaim of Sanz

Sanz-Gribov[edit]

  • Grand Rabbi Chaim Halberstam of Sanz
    • Rabbi Aaron Halberstam (1826–1903), Sanzer Rav; son of Rabbi Chaim
      • Rabbi Arye Leibish Halberstam (1852–1935), Sanzer Rav; son of Rabbi Aaron
        • Rabbi Mordechai Zev Halberstam (1882–1942), Sanzer Rav; son of Rabbi Aryeh Leibish
          • Rabbi Boruch Halberstam (1903–1942), Gribover Rav; son of Rabbi Mordechai Zev
            • Rabbi Naftali Halberstam, Sanz-Gribover Rebbe in Boro Park, son of Rabbi Boruch

The following dynasties stem from Rabbi Boruch Halberstam, the Gorlitser Rov:

Sanz-Gorlitz[edit]

Sanz-Klausenburg[edit]

Sanz-Zhmigrod[edit]

  • Grand Rabbi Chaim Halberstam of Sanz
    • Grand Rabbi Baruch Halberstam of Gorlitz, son of Rabbi Chaim of Sanz
      • Grand Rabbi Sinai Halberstam (1870–1941), the first Zhmigroder Rebbe, a son of Rabbi Boruch of Gorlitz; died in the Omsk forest, Siberia.
        • Grand Rabbi Yaakov Halberstam (1902–1967), the Tshakover Rebbe, son-in-law of the Shotzer Rebbe
        • Grand Rabbi Aryeh Leibish Halberstam (1909–7 January 2007[2]), the second Zhmigroder Rebbe, son-in-law of the Stretiner Rebbe, Grand Rabbi Yehuda Tsvi Brandwein. Author of Arye Sho'ag, died in Netanya. In his youth he studied under the Tshebiner Rov and Rabbi Meir Shapiro. During World War II had to leave Zhmigrid for Kraków, then Lviv and eventually Siberia. He served as a rebbe in Petah Tikva, where he found the Divrei Chaim Synagogue, Yafo and Bnei Brak. For a short period in 1950 he lived in Antwerp.
          • Grand Rabbi Sinai Halberstam, Sanz-Zhmigroder Rebbe of Borough Park (50th Street), son of Rabbi Aryeh Leibish
          • Grand Rabbi Yehosua Halberstam, Zhmigroder Rebbe of Antwerp, son of Rabbi Aryeh Leibish
          • Grand Rabbi Chaim Halberstam, Zhmigroder Rebbe of Bnei Brak, son of Rabbi Aryeh Leibish
        • Grand Rabbi Yisrael Halberstam, Zhmigroder Rebbe of America
          • Grand Rabbi Sinai Halberstam, Zhmigroder Rebbe of Borough Park (43rd Street), son of Rabbi Yisrael

Books of the Sanz movement[edit]

The main Hasidic works revered by the Sanz Dynasty are Divrei Chaim, by Rabbi Chaim Halberstam of Tsanz and Divrei Yechezkel by his son, Rabbi Yechezkel Shraga Halberstam.

Names[edit]

The place name Sanz in Poland should not be confused with the city Sens in France, for which another name is Shanz, as in Tos'fos Shanz, the title of famous commentators of the Talmud. Shanz is also sometimes spelled Shantz.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entsiklopediya le-Hakhme Galitsya by M. Wunder
  2. ^ Arutz Sheva

External links[edit]

  • sanzusa.com - The official Sanz-Klausenburg website (in Hebrew). Contains pictures and video about the movement.