Saqqaq

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Saqqaq
Solsiden
Saqqaq is located in Greenland
Saqqaq
Saqqaq
Location within Greenland
Coordinates: 70°00′35″N 51°56′45″W / 70.00972°N 51.94583°W / 70.00972; -51.94583Coordinates: 70°00′35″N 51°56′45″W / 70.00972°N 51.94583°W / 70.00972; -51.94583
State  Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country  Greenland
Municipality Qaasuitsup-coat-of-arms.svg Qaasuitsup
First Settled 2000 B.C.E.
Founded 1755
Population (2010)
 • Total 188
Time zone UTC-03
Postal code 3952 Ilulissat

Saqqaq (old spelling: Sarqaq) is a settlement in the Qaasuitsup municipality in western Greenland. Founded in 1755 as Solsiden, Saqqaq had 188 inhabitants in 2010.[1] The village's Kalaallisut name is a translation of the Danish meaning "Sunny Side", in reference to its position relative to Livets Top.

It is the site name for the Saqqaq culture.

Geography[edit]

It is located in the southwestern part of the Nuussuaq Peninsula, on the northern shore of Sullorsuaq Strait, northwest of Ilulissat. Immediately northeast of Saqqaq is the Livets Top mountain (1150 m).[2]

History[edit]

The mummy of a six month old boy found in Qilakitsoq

Archaeological excavations in Qilakitsoq on the other side of Nuussuaq Peninsula on the shores of Uummannaq Fjord revealed the existence of an ancient Arctic culture, later named the Saqqaq culture, which inhabited the area of west-central Greenland between 2500 BCE and 800 BCE.[3]

Recent DNA samples from human hair suggest that the ancient Saqqaq people came from Siberia about 5,500 years ago and independent of the migration that gave rise to the modern Native Americans and the Inuit.[4][5]

Transport[edit]

Air Greenland serves the village as part of government contract, with winter-only helicopter flights between Saqqaq Heliport and Ilulissat Airport.[6] Settlement flights in the Disko Bay are unique in that they are operated only during winter and spring.

During summer and autumn, when the waters of the bay are navigable, communication between settlements is by sea only, serviced by Diskoline.[7] The ferry links Saqqaq with Qeqertaq, Oqaatsut, and Ilulissat.

Population[edit]

The population of Saqqaq has increased by 60 percent relative to the 1990 levels, stabilizing in the following decade. Saqqaq is one of the very few demographically stable settlements in the Disko Bay region.[8]

Saqqaq population dynamics
Saqqaq population growth dynamics in the last two decades. Source: Statistics Greenland[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Greenland (Danish)
  2. ^ O'Carroll, Etain (2005). Greenland and the Arctic. Lonely Planet. p. 180. ISBN 1-74059-095-3. 
  3. ^ http://www.natmus.dk/sw18632.asp The Greenland Research Centre at the National Museum of Denmark
  4. ^ The ancient human genome February 2010 article in Nature (journal)
  5. ^ Associated Press article by Malcolm Ritter February 10, 2010
  6. ^ "Booking system". Air Greenland. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  7. ^ Diskoline timetable
  8. ^ a b Statistics Greenland

External links[edit]