Sar language

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Sar
Madjingay
Native to Chad
Native speakers
180,000  (1993 census)[1]
Dialects
Sar
Nar
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mwm
Glottolog sarr1246[2]

Sar or Sara, also known as Madjingay and Sara Madjingay is a Bongo–Bagirmi language of southern Chad, and the lingua franca of regional capital of Sarh.

Phonology[edit]

The consonants are as follows.[3]

Labial Alveolar Retroflex Post-alveolar
/palatal
Velar
Stop/
affricate
tenuis p t k
voiced b d d͡ʒ ɡ
implosive ɓ ɗ
prenasalized m͡b n͡d n͡dʒ ŋ͡ɡ
Fricative s
Nasal m n
Liquid oral l ɽ
nasalized ɽ̃
Semi-vowel oral j w
nasalized

There are three tones.[4]

Tone Example Gloss
high ɡáŋɡá drum
mid māl scavenger
low jàbə̀ hippopotamus

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sar at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Sar". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ (French) Fournier, Maurice, Les consonnes du sar, dans Études phonologiques tchadiennes (Jean-Pierre Caprile, éd.), pp. 37-44, Paris, SELAF, 1977, ISBN 2-85297-019-8
  4. ^ (French) Moundo Ndimajibay, Nei-Balway, Les limites des modifications en sar, dans Études phonologiques tchadiennes (Jean-Pierre Caprile, éd.), pp. 45-58, Paris, SELAF, 1977, ISBN 2-85297-019-8

External links[edit]