Sarah (given name)

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Sarah
Gender Female
Origin
Word/name Hebrew;[1] Sanskrit, Indo Iranian
Meaning " Rabih's Girl " "Princess";[1] "Essence"; "Speckled"
Other names
Related names Sara, Sarai, Sadie, Sasa, Seira.

Sarah (alternatively spelled Sara) is a feminine given name found in many different areas of the world. Sarah is a consistently popular given name across Europe and North America,[1] as well as in the Middle East—being commonly used as a female first name by Jews, Christians and Muslims alike, and remaining popular also among non-religious members of cultures influenced by these religions.

Frequently, the name refers to Sarah, the wife of Abraham in the Hebrew Bible, the Christian Old Testament, and the Islamic Quran. In Arabic, Hebrew, and Farsi, it means woman of high rank, often simply translated as "Princess". In Modern Hebrew, "sarah" (שרה) is the word for "woman minister".

Sara is the usual transliteration of the old Sanskrit word sâra (सार), which can be glossed as "essence", "core", or "speckled".[2]

In the United States, Sarah has been counted among the top 150 given names since 1880, when name popularity statistics were first recorded in the United States. Sarah ranked among the top 10 names from 1978 to 2002, reaching a plateau of popularity from the early 1980s to 1988. Every year since and including 1989 it has fallen in popularity, but it remained the 30th most popular name for newborn girls in 2010. Its most common variant spelling, Sara, was number 121.[3]

The name has been similarly popular in Ireland and the United Kingdom. In England, it gained popularity after the Protestant Reformation.[1] In 2003, Sarah ranked one of the top five most popular Irish baby names.[citation needed]

Translations[edit]

  • Arabic: سارة
  • Bashkir: Сара (Sara)
  • Belarusian: Сара (Sara)
  • Bengali: সারাহ (Sārāha)
  • Biblical Greek: Sarra
  • Biblical Latin: Sarra
  • Bosnian: Sara
  • Catalan: Sara
  • Chinese Simplified: 莎拉 (Shā lā)
  • Chinese Traditional: 莎拉 (Shā lā)
  • Croatian: Sara
  • Czech: Sára
  • Danish: Sara
  • Dutch: Sara
  • Finnish: Saara, Sari, Saija, Salli, Sara
  • French: Sarah
  • Greek: Σάρα (Sára)
  • Gujarati: સારાહ (Sārāha)
  • Haitian Creole: Sara
  • Hawaiian: Kala
  • Hebrew: שרה, Sirke
  • Hindi: सराह (Sarāha)
  • Hungarian: Sára, Sári, Sárika, Sarolta, Sasa
  • Iranian: Sara
  • Italian: Sara
  • Japanese: サラ (Sara)
  • Kannada: ಸಾರಾ (Sārā)
  • Khmer: សារ៉ា (Sarea)
  • Korean: 사라 (Sala)
  • Lithuanian: Sara
  • Macedonian: Сара (Sara)
  • Maori: Hara
  • Marathi: सारा (Sārā)
  • Mongolian: Сара (Sara)
  • Nepali: सारा (Sārā)
  • Norwegian: Sara
  • Persian: سارا
  • Polish: Sara, Salcia
  • Portuguese: Sara
  • Russian: Сара (Sara), Sarka, Sarra
  • Serbian: Сара (Sara)
  • Slovak: Sára
  • Slovene: Sara
  • Spanish: Sara, Sarita, Charita
  • Swedish: Sara, Sassa
  • Tamil: சாரா (Cārā)
  • Telugu: సారా (Sārā)
  • Thai: ซาร่าห์ (Sā r̀ā h̄̒)
  • Ukranian: Сара (Sara)
  • Urdu: سارہ
  • Yiddish: שרה

Other forms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Behind the Name: Sara". Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  2. ^ Anthony Arthur MacDowell (1929), A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout., London: Oxford University Press, p. 347 
  3. ^ Popular Baby Names, Social Security Administration, United States. Retrieved January 9, 2012.