Sarah Burke

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Sarah Burke
Sarah Burke 2010.jpg
Personal information
Birth name Sarah Jean Burke
Born (1982-09-03)September 3, 1982
Barrie, Ontario
Died January 19, 2012(2012-01-19) (aged 29)
Salt Lake City, Utah
Spouse(s) Rory Bushfield (2010-2012; her death)
Website http://sarahburke.com/
Sport
Country  Canada

Sarah Jean Burke[1] (September 3, 1982 – January 19, 2012) was a Canadian freestyle skier who was a pioneer of the superpipe event.[2][3] She was a four-time Winter X Games gold medallist, and won the world championship in the halfpipe in 2005. She successfully lobbied the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to have the event added to the Olympic program for the 2014 Winter Olympics. She was considered a medal favourite in the event. Burke died following a training accident in Utah.

Early life[edit]

Burke was born in Barrie, Ontario, to Jan Phelan and Gordon Burke, both artists.[4] She and her sister, Anna Phelan,[5] grew up in Midland[6] and attended Midland Secondary School.[7]

Skiing career[edit]

As a teenage moguls skier, Burke would often sneak onto the Snowboard halfpipe at the end of the day.[6] She was considered a pioneer in the sport of superpipe skiing, along with American Kristi Leskinen. The pair were frequent competitors, and often against male skiers.[8][9]

Burke won first place in the 2001 US Freeskiing Open in the half-pipe event and finished second in slopestyle. She and Leskinen were the only women who competed against the men. In 2004, Burke lobbied ESPN to include a division for women skiers at its Winter X Games. In 2005, ESPN added women's freeskiing to the X-Games.[10]

When half-pipe made its debut at the 2005 FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships, she emerged as the first world champion.[11] Burke is also a four-time Winter X Games gold medallist in freestyle skiing.[12][13] She was the first woman ever to land a jump with 1080-degree rotation in competition.[14]

She won ESPN's 2001 Award for female skier of the year and was voted 2007's Best Female Action Sports Athlete at the ESPY awards.[15]

She regularly participated in skiing films, including Propaganda, in which she showcased her skills by sliding huge rainbow rails, spinning a huge 540 in the pipe and throwing back-flips.[16]

Burke was a known promoter of the superpipe skiing event, working to have it added to the Olympic program. She failed to have the event added in time for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, but successfully lobbied the International Olympic Committee to have the event added for the 2014 Sochi Games.[6] Two years ahead of the games, she was considered a potential favourite for the gold medal in Sochi.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Burke met freeskier Rory Bushfield when she was 14 at a ski camp in Whistler, British Columbia.[18] On September 25, 2010, she married Bushfield in Pemberton, British Columbia, with pro skier Luke Van Valin officiating the wedding.[19][4] She and Bushfield resided in Squamish, British Columbia.[20]

Accident and death[edit]

On January 10, 2012, Burke was seriously injured while training on the Park City Mountain Resort Eagle superpipe in Park City, Utah. This is the same superpipe where snowboarder Kevin Pearce was seriously injured in 2009. Onlookers reported that Burke had completed a trick fairly well yet fell onto her head, and the accident did not appear to be very severe.[21] Moments later, however, she went into cardiac arrest while still on the ski slope,[22] making her chance of survival extremely low.[23] She was resuscitated and airlifted to the University of Utah Hospital in Salt Lake City, where she was reported to have been placed in a medically induced coma.[24] The following day, she underwent neurosurgery to repair a tear in a vertebral artery. She died of her injuries on January 19, 2012.[25] According to her publicist, Burke's injuries had resulted in "irreversible damage to her brain due to lack of oxygen and blood after cardiac arrest."[26] Her organs and tissues were donated as she requested before her death.[6] Because the event at which she fell was unsanctioned and hosted by Burke's sponsor Monster Energy, Burke was not covered under the insurance policy that applied to her when she competed for the Canada Freestyle Ski Association. The day after her death, Burke's agent established a website to raise $550,000 to help pay her estimated $200,000 hospital costs and establish "a foundation to honour Sarah's legacy and promote the ideals she valued and embodied".[27] On February 23, 2014, Sarah's ashes were spread in the mountains over Sochi, Russia during the 2014 Olympic Games. Her former coach, Trennon Paynter, spread them on the highest point at Rosa Khutor complex, and in the halfpipe.

Legacy[edit]

On June 12, 2012, the Canadian Olympic Committee announced that Burke was inducted into the 2012 Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame for her role in advocating for ski halfpipe's inclusion in the Olympic program.[28][29]

In February 2014, Canada Post produced commemorative stamps honouring Burke, curler Sandra Schmirler and figure skater Barbara Ann Scott for being "pioneers of winter sports".[30]

Burke was honoured on National Flag of Canada Day on February 15, 2014. The flag will be given to Burke's family as a tribute to her legacy.[31]

In March 2014, the Government of Ontario announced that it would dedicate Highway 93 in memory of her and name it as the Sarah Burke Memorial Highway.[32] The route extends entirely within Simcoe County with its northern terminus near Barrie, Ontario, her birthplace.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sarah Burke timeline, September 3, 1982 – January 19, 2012". FreeSkier Magazine. January 1, 2013. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "SN magazine: The incredible Sarah Burke". SportsNet. January 30, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  3. ^ Hudak, Jen (February 19, 2014). "Sarah's Life Work". ESPN X-Games. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Blatchford, Christie. "Blatchford: Family pays tribute to the late Sarah Burke". Canada.com. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ Phelan, Anna (January 1, 2013). "Remembering Sarah Burke — Anna Phelan". Freeskier Magazine. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d Owen, Paul; Hollins, Katie (2012-01-19). "Freestyle skier Sarah Burke dies". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  7. ^ Starkman, Randy (January 20, 2012). "Canadian freestyle skier Sarah Burke dies from injuries". Toronto Star. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ Frame, Andy (2005-03-03). "Leskinen wins pipe battle with friendly foe Burke". Vail Daily. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  9. ^ Leskinen, Kristi (January 1, 2013). "Paving the way: How Sarah Burke led with perseverance, talent and a smile". Freeskier Magazine. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ Roenigk, Alyssa (February 20, 2014). "Ski Halfpipe Makes Emotional Debut". ESPN X-Games. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Morning briefing". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2005-03-18. p. D9. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  12. ^ Sarah Burke Captures Third Straight Gold in Superpipe SI.com, January 23, 2009
  13. ^ "Women's Ski SuperPipe Results". Winter X Games Fifteen. ESPN.com. January 27, 2011. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Sarah Burke critical after surgery". A.P. at ESPN.go.com. January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Canadian freestyle skier Sarah Burke dies". Montreal Gazette. 19 January 2012. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  16. ^ The Ski Channel - Sarah Burke Profile
  17. ^ "Canadian freestyle skiier Sarah Burk passes away". The Sports Network. 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  18. ^ Morrow, Adrian, Robert Macleod, and James Christie (January 19, 2012). "Sarah Burke, a fearless competitor who shaped her sport". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Sorry Dudes, Sarah Burke Is Now Married". Freeskier.com. 27 September 2010. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. 
  20. ^ "Freestyle ski icon Sarah Burke ‘lived life to the fullest,’ dies nine days after crash". Vancouver Sun. 19 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "Sarah Burke critical after surgery". A.P. at ESPN.go.com. January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Freestyler Burke went into cardiac arrest after accident". CBC Sports. 
  23. ^ "2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Part 10.7: Cardiac Arrest Associated With Trauma". American Heart Association. November 28, 2005. 
  24. ^ "Sarah Burke In Coma: Freestyle Skier Injured During Training In Park City, Utah". The Huffington Post. January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Canada freestyle skier Sarah Burke dies". BBC. January 19, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Canadian freestyle skier Sarah Burke dies at 29". Associated Press (USA Today). January 19, 2012. 
  27. ^ Sarah Burke's medical bills covered by donations: British Columbia CBC News January 20, 2012
  28. ^ "Burke Added to Hall of Fame". ESPN X-Games. January 17, 2013. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame Inductees Announced". Canadian Olympic Committee. June 12, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Sarah Burke, Sandra Schmirler, Barbara Ann Scott to be honoured with stamps". The Globe and Mail. February 3, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Sarah Burke's legacy to be honoured on Flag Day". CBC News. February 14, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  32. ^ http://t.sports.ca.msn.com/top-stories/sarah-burke-highway-to-be-dedicated-in-skiers-name

External links[edit]