Sarah Milledge Nelson (born 1931) is an American archaeologist and a professor in the Department of Anthropology, University of Denver, United States.
Nelson was raised in Florida and obtained her PhD from the University of Michigan in 1973. Nelson is known for her research on the archaeology of East Asia, in particular Korea and northeast China. She has also conducted extensive research in the archaeology of gender and Hongshan culture.
- Chulmun Period Villages on the Han River in Korea, Subsistence and Settlement. PhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1973.
- The Neolithic of Northeastern China and Korea. Antiquity 64(243):234-248, 1990.
- Gender Hierarchy and the Queens of Silla. In Sex and Gender Hierarchies, edited by B.D. Miller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
- The Archaeology of Korea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-40783-4
- The Politics of Ethnicity in Prehistoric Korea. In Kohl, P.L. and C. Fawcett, eds. Nationalism, Politics, and the Practice of Archaeology.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995:218-231.
- (editor) The Archaeology of Northeast China: Beyond the Great Wall. London: Routledge, 1997. ISBN 0-415-11755-0
- Gender in Archaeology: Analyzing Power and Prestige, Walnut Creek: Altamira Press, 1997.
- Megalithic Monuments and the Introduction of Rice into Korea. In The Prehistory of Food: Appetites for Change, edited by C. Gosden and J. Hather, pp. 147–165. London: Routledge, 1999.
- (with K.L. Berry, R.F. Carillo, B.J. Clark, L.E. Rhodes, and D. Saitta) Denver: An Archaeological History. Scholarly Book Services Inc., 2002. ISBN 978-0-8122-3591-3
- (editor) Ancient Queens: Archaeological Explorations, Walnut Creek: Altamira Press, 2003. ISBN 978-0-7591-0346-7