|Palin in 2012|
|9th Governor of Alaska|
December 4, 2006 – July 26, 2009
|Preceded by||Frank Murkowski|
|Succeeded by||Sean Parnell|
|Chairperson of the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission|
February 19, 2003 – January 23, 2004
|Preceded by||Camille Taylor|
|Succeeded by||John Norman|
|Mayor of Wasilla|
October 14, 1996 – October 14, 2002
|Preceded by||John Stein|
|Succeeded by||Dianne Keller|
|Member of the Wasilla City Council
from Seat E
October 19, 1992 – October 14, 1996
|Preceded by||Dorothy Smith|
|Succeeded by||Colleen Cottle|
|Born||Sarah Louise Heath
February 11, 1964
Sandpoint, Idaho, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Todd Palin (1988–present)|
|Alma mater||University of Idaho, Moscow|
|This article is part of a series about
|Vice presidential candidacy
McCain–Palin campaign, 2008
Governorship of Alaska, 2006–2009
Early political career of Sarah Palin, 1992–2005
Sarah Louise Palin (i//; née Heath; born February 11, 1964) is an American politician, commentator and author who served as the ninth Governor of Alaska, from 2006 to 2009. As the Republican Party nominee for Vice President in the 2008 presidential election alongside Arizona Senator John McCain, she was the first Alaskan on the national ticket of a major party and first Republican woman nominated for the vice presidency. Her book Going Rogue has sold more than two million copies. Since January 2010, she has provided political commentary for Fox News, and hosted a television show, Sarah Palin's Alaska.
She was elected to Wasilla City Council in 1992 and became mayor of Wasilla in 1996. In 2003, after an unsuccessful run for lieutenant governor, she was appointed Chairman of the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, responsible for overseeing the state's oil and gas fields for safety and efficiency. The youngest person and first woman to be elected Governor of Alaska, Palin held the office from December 2006 until her resignation in July 2009. She has since endorsed and campaigned for the Tea Party movement, as well as several candidates in the 2010 midterm elections.
- 1 Early life and family
- 2 College
- 3 Early career and marriage
- 4 Early political career
- 5 Governor of Alaska
- 5.1 Budget, spending, and federal funds
- 5.2 Gas pipeline
- 5.3 Predator control
- 5.4 Public Safety Commissioner dismissal
- 5.5 Job approval ratings
- 5.6 Resignation
- 6 2008 vice-presidential campaign
- 7 After the 2008 election
- 8 Political positions
- 9 Public image
- 10 Personal life
- 11 Bibliography
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Early life and family
Palin was born in Sandpoint, Idaho. She is the third of four children (three daughters, one son) born to Charles R. "Chuck" Heath, a science teacher and track and field coach, and Sarah "Sally" (née Sheeran), a school secretary. Palin's siblings are Chuck Jr., Heather, and Molly. Palin is of English, Irish, and German ancestry.
When Palin was a few months old, the family moved to Skagway, Alaska, where her father received his teaching job. They relocated to Eagle River in 1969, and finally settled to Wasilla in 1972.
Palin played flute in the junior high band, then attended Wasilla High School where she was the head of the Fellowship of Christian Athletes, and a member of the girls' basketball and cross country running teams. During her senior year, she was co-captain and point guard of the basketball team that won the 1982 Alaska state championship, earning the nickname "Sarah Barracuda" for her competitive streak.
After graduating from high school in 1982, Palin enrolled at the University of Hawaii at Hilo. Shortly after arriving in Hawaii, Palin transferred to Hawaii Pacific University in Honolulu for a semester in the fall of 1982, and then to North Idaho College, a community college in Coeur d'Alene, for the spring and fall semesters of 1983. In June 2008, the Alumni Association of North Idaho College gave Palin its Distinguished Alumni Achievement Award.
In 1984, Palin won the Miss Wasilla beauty pageant, then finished third in the Miss Alaska pageant. She played the flute in the talent portion of the contest, and received both the Miss Congeniality award and a college scholarship.
She enrolled at the University of Idaho in Moscow for an academic year, starting in August 1984, then attended Matanuska-Susitna College in Alaska in the fall of 1985. Palin returned to the University of Idaho in January 1986, and received her bachelor's degree in communications with an emphasis in journalism in May 1987.
Early career and marriage
On August 29, 1988, she eloped at age 24 with her high school sweetheart, Todd Palin. Following the birth of their first child, in April 1989, she helped in her husband's commercial fishing business.
Early political career
Palin was elected to the Wasilla City Council in 1992 winning 530 votes to 310. Throughout her tenure on the city council and the rest of her political career, Palin has been a Republican since registering in 1982.
Mayor of Wasilla
Concerned that revenue from a new Wasilla sales tax would not be spent wisely, Palin ran for mayor of Wasilla in 1996, defeating incumbent mayor John Stein 651 to 440 votes. Her biographer described her campaign as targeting wasteful spending and high taxes; her opponent, Stein, said that Palin introduced abortion, gun rights, and term limits as campaign issues. The election was nonpartisan, though the state Republican Party ran advertisements for Palin. Palin ran for re-election against Stein in 1999 and won, 909 votes to 292. In 2002, she completed the second of the two consecutive three-year terms allowed by the city charter. She was elected president of the Alaska Conference of Mayors in 1999.
Palin had a contretemps with the Mat-Su Valley Frontiersman, a local newspaper, and became involved in personnel challenges and "a thwarted attempt to pack the City Council" during her first year in office.  Using income generated by a 2% sales tax that had been approved by Wasilla voters in October 1992, Palin cut property taxes by 75% and eliminated personal property and business inventory taxes. Using municipal bonds, she made improvements to the roads and sewers, and increased funding to the Police Department. She also oversaw new bike paths and procured funding for storm-water treatment to protect freshwater resources. At the same time, she shrank the local museum's budget and deterred talk of a new library and city hall.
Soon after taking office in October 1996, Palin eliminated the position of museum director and asked for updated resumes and resignation letters from "city department heads who had been loyal to Stein," including the police chief, public works director, finance director, and librarian. Palin stated this request was to find out their intentions and whether they supported her. She temporarily required department heads to get her approval before talking to reporters, saying that they first needed to become acquainted with her administration's policies. She created the position of city administrator, and reduced her own $68,000 salary by 10%, although by mid-1998 this was reversed by the city council.
In October 1996, Palin asked library director Mary Ellen Emmons if she would object to the removal of a book from the library if people were picketing to have the book removed. Emmons responded that she would, and others as well. Palin explained that she not been proposing censorship but had been discussing many issues with her staff that were "both rhetorical and realistic in nature." No attempt was made to remove books from the library during Palin's tenure as mayor.
Palin said she fired Police Chief Irl Stambaugh because he did not fully support her efforts to govern the city. Stambaugh filed a lawsuit alleging wrongful termination and violation of his free speech rights. The judge dismissed Stambaugh's lawsuit, holding that the police chief served at the discretion of the mayor, and could be terminated for nearly any reason, even a political one, and ordered Stambaugh to pay Palin's legal fees.
During her second term as mayor, Palin proposed and promoted the construction of a municipal sports center to be financed by a 0.5% sales tax increase and $14.7 million bond issue. Voters approved the measure by a 20 vote margin and the Wasilla Multi-Use Sports Complex (later named the Curtis D. Menard Memorial Sports Center) was built on time and under budget. However, the city spent an additional $1.3 million because of an eminent domain lawsuit caused by the failure to obtain clear title to the property before beginning construction. The city's long-term debt grew from about $1 million to $25 million due to $15 million for the sports complex, $5.5 million for street projects, and $3 million for water improvement projects. The Wall Street Journal characterized the project as a "financial mess." A city council member defended the spending increases as being caused by the city's growth during that time.
Palin also joined with nearby communities in hiring the Anchorage-based lobbying firm of Robertson, Monagle & Eastaugh to lobby for federal funds. The firm secured nearly $8 million in earmarks for the Wasilla city government, including $500,000 for a youth shelter, $1.9 million for a transportation hub, and $900,000 for sewer repairs.
In 2002, Palin ran for the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor, coming in second to Loren Leman in a five-way Republican primary. Following her defeat, she campaigned throughout the state for the nominated Republican governor-lieutenant governor ticket of Frank Murkowski and Leman. Murkowski and Leman won, Murkowski resigned from his long-held U.S. Senate seat in December 2002 to assume the governorship. Palin was said to be on the "short list" of possible appointees to Murkowski's U.S. Senate seat, but Murkowski ultimately appointed his daughter, State Representative Lisa Murkowski, as his successor in the Senate.
Governor Murkowski offered other jobs to Palin, and in February 2003, she accepted an appointment to the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, which oversees Alaska's oil and gas fields for safety and efficiency. While she had little background in the area, she said she wanted to learn more about the oil industry, and was named chair of the commission and ethics supervisor. By November 2003 she was filing non-public ethics complaints with the state attorney general and the governor against a fellow commission member, Randy Ruedrich, a former petroleum engineer and at the time the chair of the state Republican Party. He was forced to resign in November 2003. Palin resigned in January 2004 and put her protests against Ruedrich's "lack of ethics" into the public arena by filing a public complaint against Ruedrich, who was then fined $12,000. She also joined with Democratic legislator Eric Croft in complaining that Gregg Renkes, then the attorney general of Alaska, had a financial conflict of interest in negotiating a coal exporting trade agreement. Renkes also resigned his post.
From 2003 to June 2005, Palin served as one of three directors of "Ted Stevens Excellence in Public Service, Inc.," a 527 group designed to provide political training for Republican women in Alaska. In 2004, Palin told the Anchorage Daily News that she had decided not to run for the U.S. Senate that year against the Republican incumbent Lisa Murkowski because her teenage son opposed it. Palin said, "How could I be the team mom if I was a U.S. Senator?"
Governor of Alaska
In 2006, running on a clean-government platform, Palin defeated incumbent Governor Frank Murkowski in the Republican gubernatorial primary. Her running mate was Sean Parnell, who has now succeeded Palin as the Governor of Alaska.
In the November election, Palin was outspent but victorious, defeating former Democratic governor Tony Knowles by a margin of 48.3% to 40.9%. She became Alaska's first female governor, and, at the age of 42, the youngest governor in Alaskan history, the state's first governor to have been born after Alaska achieved U.S. statehood, and the first not to be inaugurated in Juneau (she chose to have the ceremony held in Fairbanks instead). She took office on December 4, 2006, and for most of her term was very popular with Alaska voters. Polls taken in 2007 showed her with 93% and 89% popularity among all voters, which led some media outlets to call her "the most popular governor in America." A poll taken in late September 2008 after Palin was named to the national Republican ticket showed her popularity in Alaska at 68%. A poll taken in May 2009 showed Palin's popularity among Alaskans was at 54% positive and 41.6% negative.
Palin declared that top priorities of her administration would be resource development, education and workforce development, public health and safety, and transportation and infrastructure development. She had championed ethics reform throughout her election campaign. Her first legislative action after taking office was to push for a bipartisan ethics reform bill. She signed the resulting legislation in July 2007, calling it a "first step", and declaring that she remained determined to clean up Alaska politics.
Palin frequently broke with the Alaskan Republican establishment. For example, she endorsed Parnell's bid to unseat the state's longtime at-large U.S. Representative, Don Young, and she publicly challenged then-U.S. Senator Ted Stevens to come clean about the federal investigation into his financial dealings. Shortly before his July 2008 indictment, she held a joint news conference with Stevens, described by The Washington Post as intended to "make clear she had not abandoned him politically."
Palin promoted the development of oil and natural-gas resources in Alaska, including drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Proposals to drill for oil in ANWR have occasioned national debate.
In 2006, Palin obtained a passport and in 2007 traveled for the first time outside of North America on a trip to Kuwait. There she visited the Khabari Alawazem Crossing at the Kuwait–Iraq border and met with members of the Alaska National Guard at several bases. On her return journey she visited injured soldiers in Germany.
Budget, spending, and federal funds
In June 2007, Palin signed a record $6.6 billion operating budget into law. At the same time, she used her veto power to make the second-largest cuts of the capital budget in state history. The $237 million in cuts represented over 300 local projects, and reduced the capital budget to $1.6 billion.
Palin followed through on a campaign promise to sell the Westwind II jet, a purchase made by the Murkowski administration for $2.7 million in 2005 against the wishes of the legislature. In August 2007, the jet was listed on eBay, but the sale fell through, and the plane later sold for $2.1 million through a private brokerage firm.
Palin lived in Juneau during the legislative session and lived in Wasilla and worked out of offices in Anchorage the rest of the year. Since the office in Anchorage is 565 miles from Juneau, while she worked there, state officials said she was permitted to claim a $58 per diem travel allowance, which she took (a total of $16,951), and to reimbursement for hotels, which she did not, choosing instead to drive about 50 miles to her home in Wasilla. She also chose not to use the former governor's private chef. Republicans and Democrats have criticized Palin for taking the per diem and $43,490 in travel expenses for the times her family accompanied her on state business. In response, Palin's staffers said that these practices were in line with state policy, that her gubernatorial expenses are 80% below those of Murkowski, her predecessor, and that "many of the hundreds of invitations Palin receives include requests for her to bring her family, placing the definition of 'state business' with the party extending the invitation." In February 2009, the State of Alaska, reversing a policy that had treated the payments as legitimate business expenses under the Internal Revenue Code, decided that per diems paid to state employees for stays in their own homes will be treated as taxable income and will be included in employees' gross income on their W-2 forms. Palin herself had ordered the review of the tax policy.
In December 2008, an Alaska state commission recommended increasing the Governor's annual salary from $125,000 to $150,000. Palin stated that she would not accept the pay raise. In response, the commission dropped the recommendation.
In her State of the State address on January 17, 2008, Palin declared that the people of Alaska "can and must continue to develop our economy, because we cannot and must not rely so heavily on federal government [funding]." Alaska's federal congressional representatives cut back on pork-barrel project requests during Palin's time as governor; despite this, in 2008 Alaska was still the largest per-capita recipient of federal earmarks, requesting nearly $750 million in special federal spending over a period of two years.
While there is no state sales tax or income tax in Alaska, royalty revenues from the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field (consisting mostly of state-owned lands) have funded large state budgets since 1980, with the exact amounts largely dependent upon the prevailing price of petroleum. As a result, state revenues doubled to $10 billion in 2008. For the 2009 budget, Palin gave a list of 31 proposed federal earmarks or requests for funding, totaling $197 million, to Alaska's senior U.S. Senator Ted Stevens. Palin has stated that her decreasing support for federal funding was a source of friction between her and the state's congressional delegation; Palin requested less in federal funding each year than her predecessor Frank Murkowski requested in his last year.
Bridge to Nowhere
In 2005, before Palin was elected governor, Congress passed an omnibus spending bill that contained a $442-million earmark for constructing two Alaska bridges. The Gravina Island Bridge, intended to provide a link between the Ketchikan airport on Gravina Island and the city of Ketchikan at a cost of $233 million in Federal grant money, received nationwide attention as a symbol of pork-barrel spending. As the island only has a population of 50, the bridge became known as the "Bridge to Nowhere." The public furor led to Congress removing the earmarks, but retaining the allotted funds to Alaska as part of its general transportation fund.
In 2006, Palin ran for governor with a "build-the-bridge" plank in her platform, saying she would "not allow the spinmeisters to turn this project ... into something that's so negative." Palin criticized the use of the word "nowhere" as insulting to local residents and urged speedy work on building the infrastructure "while our congressional delegation is in a strong position to assist."
As governor, Palin canceled the Gravina Island Bridge in September 2007, saying that Congress had "little interest in spending any more money" due to "inaccurate portrayals of the projects." Alaska did not return the $442 million in federal transportation funds.
In 2008, as a vice-presidential candidate, Palin characterized her position as having told Congress "thanks, but no thanks, on that bridge to nowhere." A number of Ketchikan residents said that the claim was false and a betrayal of Palin's previous support for their community. Some critics said that her statement was misleading, as she had expressed support for the spending project and kept the federal money after the project was canceled. Palin was criticized for allowing construction of a 3-mile access road, built with $25 million in federal transportation funds set aside as part of the original bridge project, to continue. A spokesman for Alaska's Department of Transportation said that it was within Palin's power to cancel the road project, but noted that the state was still considering cheaper designs to complete the bridge project, and that in any case, the road would open up the surrounding lands for development.
In August 2008, Palin signed a bill authorizing the State of Alaska to award TransCanada Pipelines — the sole bidder to meet the state's requirements — a license to build and operate a pipeline to transport natural gas from the Alaska North Slope to the continental United States through Canada. The governor also pledged $500 million in seed money to support the project. It is estimated that the project will cost $26 billion. Newsweek described the project as "the principal achievement of Sarah Palin's term as Alaska's governor." The pipeline faces legal challenges from Canadian First Nations.
In 2007, Palin supported a 2003 Alaska Department of Fish and Game policy allowing the hunting of wolves from the air as part of a predator control program intended to increase moose and caribou populations for subsistence-food gatherers and other hunters. In March 2007, Palin's office announced that a bounty of $150 per wolf would be paid to the 180 volunteer pilots and gunners, to offset fuel costs, in five areas of Alaska. 607 wolves had been killed in the prior four years. State biologists wanted 382 to 664 wolves to be killed by the end of the predator-control season in April 2007. Wildlife activists sued the state, and a state judge declared the bounty illegal on the basis that a bounty would have to be offered by the Board of Game and not by the Department of Fish and Game. On August 26, 2008, Alaskans voted against ending the state's predator control program.
Public Safety Commissioner dismissal
Palin dismissed Public Safety Commissioner Walt Monegan on July 11, 2008, citing performance-related issues, such as not being "a team player on budgeting issues" and "egregious rogue behavior." Palin attorney Thomas Van Flein said that the "last straw" was Monegan's planned trip to Washington, D.C., to seek funding for a new, multimillion-dollar sexual assault initiative the governor hadn't yet approved. Monegan said that he had resisted persistent pressure from Palin, her husband, and her staff, including state Attorney General Talis J. Colberg, to fire Palin’s ex-brother-in-law, Alaska State Trooper Mike Wooten; Wooten was involved in a child custody battle with Palin’s sister after a bitter divorce that included an alleged death threat against Palin's father. At one point Sarah and Todd Palin hired a private investigator to gather information, seeking to have Wooten officially disciplined. Monegan stated that he learned an internal investigation had found all but two of the allegations to be unsubstantiated, and Wooten had been disciplined for the others — an illegal moose killing and the tasering of his 11-year-old stepson, who had reportedly asked to be tasered. He told the Palins that there was nothing he could do because the matter was closed. When contacted by the press for comment, Monegan first acknowledged pressure to fire Wooten but said that he could not be certain that his own firing was connected to that issue; he later asserted that the dispute over Wooten was a major reason for his firing. Palin stated on July 17 that Monegan was not pressured to fire Wooten, nor dismissed for not doing so.
Monegan said the subject of Wooten came up when he invited Palin to a birthday party for his cousin, state senator Lyman Hoffman, in February 2007 during the legislative session in Juneau. "As we were walking down the stairs in the capitol building she wanted to talk to me about her former brother-in-law," Monegan said. "I said, 'Ma'am, I need to keep you at arm's length with this. I can't deal about him with you. She said, 'OK, that's a good idea.'"
Palin said there was "absolutely no pressure ever put on Commissioner Monegan to hire or fire anybody, at any time. I did not abuse my office powers. And I don't know how to be more blunt and candid and honest, but to tell you that truth. To tell you that no pressure was ever put on anybody to fire anybody." Todd Palin gave a similar account.
On August 13, she acknowledged that a half dozen members of her administration had made more than two dozen calls on the matter to various state officials. "I do now have to tell Alaskans that such pressure could have been perceived to exist, although I have only now become aware of it," she said. Palin said, "Many of these inquiries were completely appropriate. However, the serial nature of the contacts could be perceived as some kind of pressure, presumably at my direction."
Chuck Kopp, whom Palin had appointed to replace Monegan as public safety commissioner, received a $10,000 state severance package after he resigned following just two weeks on the job. Kopp, the former Kenai chief of police, resigned July 25 following disclosure of a 2005 sexual harassment complaint and letter of reprimand against him. Monegan said that he did not receive a severance package from the state.
On August 1, 2008, the Alaska Legislature hired an investigator, Stephen Branchflower, to review the Monegan dismissal. Legislators stated that Palin had the legal authority to fire Monegan, but they wanted to know whether her action had been motivated by anger at Monegan for not firing Wooten. The atmosphere was bipartisan and Palin pledged to cooperate. Wooten remained employed as a state trooper. She placed an aide on paid leave due to a tape-recorded phone conversation that she deemed improper, in which the aide, appearing to act on her behalf, complained to a trooper that Wooten had not been fired.
Several weeks after the start of what the media referred to as "troopergate", Palin was chosen as John McCain's running mate. On September 1, Palin asked the legislature to drop its investigation, saying that the state Personnel Board had jurisdiction over ethics issues. The Personnel Board's three members were first appointed by Palin’s predecessor, and Palin reappointed one member in 2008. On September 19, Todd Palin and several state employees refused to honor subpoenas, the validity of which were disputed by Talis Colberg, Palin's appointee as Alaska's Attorney General. On October 2, a court rejected Colberg's challenge to the subpoenas, and seven of the witnesses, not including Todd Palin, eventually testified.
On October 10, 2008, the Alaska Legislative Council unanimously voted to release, without endorsing, the Branchflower Report, in which investigator Stephen Branchflower found that firing Monegan "was a proper and lawful exercise of her constitutional and statutory authority," but that Palin abused her power as governor and violated the state's Executive Branch Ethics Act when her office pressured Monegan to fire Wooten. The report stated that "Governor Palin knowingly permitted a situation to continue where impermissible pressure was placed on several subordinates to advance a personal agenda, to wit: to get Trooper Michael Wooten fired." The report also said that Palin "permitted Todd Palin to use the Governor's office [...] to continue to contact subordinate state employees in an effort to find some way to get Trooper Wooten fired."
On October 11, Palin's attorneys responded, condemning the Branchflower Report as "misleading and wrong on the law." One of Palin's attorneys, Thomas Van Flein, said that it was an attempt to "smear the governor by innuendo." Later that day, Palin did a conference call interview with various Alaskan reporters, where she stated, "Well, I’m very, very pleased to be cleared of any legal wrongdoing... Any hint of any kind of unethical activity there. Very pleased to be cleared of any of that."
Alaska Personnel Board investigation and report
The bipartisan State of Alaska Personnel Board reviewed the matter at Palin's request. On September 15, the Anchorage law firm of Clapp, Peterson, Van Flein, Tiemessen & Thorsness filed arguments of "no probable cause" with the Personnel Board on behalf of Palin. The Personnel Board retained independent counsel Timothy Petumenos, a Democrat, as an investigator. On October 24, Palin gave three hours of depositions with the Personnel Board in St. Louis, Missouri. On November 3, 2008, the State of Alaska Personnel Board reported that there was no probable cause to believe Palin or any other state official had violated state ethical standards. The report further stated that the Branchflower Report used the wrong statute in reaching its conclusions, misconstrued the available evidence and did not consider or obtain all of the material evidence required to properly reach findings in the matter.
Job approval ratings
As governor of Alaska, Palin's job approval rating ranged from a high of 93% in May 2007 to 54% in May 2009. In November 2006, the month before Palin took office, Alaska Governor Frank Murkowski’s job approval rating was 19%.
|May 15, 2007||93%||Not reported||Dittman Research|
|May 30, 2007||89%||Not reported||Ivan Moore Research|
|October 19–21, 2007||83%||11%||Ivan Moore Research|
|April 10, 2008||73%||7%||Rasmussen Reports|
|May 17, 2008||69%||9%||Rasmussen Reports|
|July 24–25, 2008||80%||Not reported||Hays Research Group|
|July 30, 2008||64%||14%||Rasmussen Reports|
|September 20–22, 2008||68%||Not reported||Ivan Moore Research|
|October 7, 2008||63%||37%||Rasmussen Reports|
|March 24–25, 2009||59.8%||34.9%||Hays Research|
|May 4–5, 2009||54%||41.6%||Hays Research|
|June 14–18, 2009||56%||35%||Global Strategy Group|
On July 3, 2009, Palin announced that she would not run for re-election in the 2010 Alaska gubernatorial election and would resign before the end of July. In her announcement, Palin stated that both she and the state had been expending an "insane" amount of time and money ($2.5 million) to address "frivolous" ethics complaints filed against her, and that her decision not to seek reelection would make her a lame duck governor. A Palin aide said Palin was "no longer able to do the job she had been elected to do. Essentially, the taxpayers were paying for Sarah to go to work every day and defend herself." Palin and her husband Todd had personally incurred more than $500,000 in legal fees defending against ethics charges brought against her as governor. Palin transferred the office of governor to Sean Parnell in Fairbanks on July 26, 2009.
In December 2010, new rules governing Alaska executive branch ethics, stemming from Sarah Palin's tenure as governor, took effect. "These include allowing for the state to pay legal costs for officials cleared of ethics violations; (and) allowing for a family member of the governor or lieutenant governor to travel at state cost in certain circumstances . . ."
2008 vice-presidential campaign
Several conservative commentators met Palin in the summer of 2007. Some of them, such as Bill Kristol, later urged McCain to pick Palin as his vice presidential running mate, arguing that her presence on the ticket would provide a boost in enthusiasm among the Religious Right wing of the Republican party, while her status as an unknown on the national scene would also be a positive factor.
On August 24, 2008, during a general strategy meeting, Steve Schmidt, and a few other senior advisers to the McCain Campaign, discussed potential vice presidential picks with the consensus settling around Palin. The following day, the strategists advised McCain of their conclusions and he personally called Palin, who was at the Alaska State Fair.
On August 27, she visited McCain's vacation home near Sedona, Arizona, where she was offered the position of vice-presidential candidate. According to Jill Hazelbaker, a spokeswoman for McCain, he had previously met Palin at the National Governors Association meeting in Washington in February 2008 and had come away "extraordinarily impressed." Palin was the only prospective running mate who had a face-to-face interview with McCain to discuss joining the ticket that week. Nonetheless, Palin's selection was a surprise to many because a main criticism he had of Obama was his lack of experience, and speculation had centered on other candidates, such as Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty, Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, U.S. Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut, and former Pennsylvania Governor Tom Ridge. On August 29, in Dayton, Ohio, McCain announced that he had chosen Palin as his running mate, making her the first Alaskan and the second woman to run on a major U.S. party ticket.
Since Palin was largely unknown outside Alaska before her selection by McCain, her personal life, policy positions, and political record drew intense media scrutiny. On September 1, 2008, Palin announced that her daughter Bristol was pregnant and that she would marry the father, Levi Johnston. During this period, some Republicans felt that Palin was being unfairly attacked by the media. Timothy Noah of Slate magazine predicted that Palin's acceptance speech would be "wildly overpraised" and might end speculation that she was unqualified for the job of vice president because the press had been beating her up for "various trivial shortcomings" and had lowered the expectations for her speech. On September 3, 2008, Palin delivered a 40-minute acceptance speech at the Republican National Convention that was well received and watched by more than 40 million people. A Rasmussen poll taken immediately after the Convention found that 51% of Americans believed that the media was "trying to hurt" Palin with negative coverage, and 40% believed Palin to be ready for the Presidency.
During the campaign, controversy erupted over alleged differences between Palin's positions as a gubernatorial candidate and her position as a vice-presidential candidate. After McCain announced Palin as his running mate, Newsweek and Time put Palin on their magazine covers, as some of the media alleged that McCain's campaign was restricting press access to Palin by allowing only three one-on-one interviews and no press conferences with her. Palin's first major interview, with Charles Gibson of ABC News, met with mixed reviews. Her interview five days later with Fox News Channel's Sean Hannity went more smoothly and focused on many of the same questions from Gibson's interview. Palin's performance in her third interview with Katie Couric, of CBS News, was widely criticized; her poll numbers declined, Republicans expressed concern that she was becoming a political liability, and some conservative commentators called for Palin to resign from the Presidential ticket. Other conservatives remained ardent in their support for Palin, accusing the columnists of elitism. Following this interview, some Republicans, including Mitt Romney and Bill Kristol, questioned the McCain campaign's strategy of sheltering Palin from unscripted encounters with the press.
Palin reportedly prepared intensively for the October 2 vice-presidential debate with Democratic vice-presidential nominee Joe Biden at Washington University in St. Louis. Some Republicans suggested that Palin's performance in the interviews would improve public perceptions of her debate performance by lowering expectations. Polling from CNN, Fox and CBS found that while Palin exceeded most voters' expectations, they felt that Biden had won the debate.
Upon returning to the campaign trail after her debate preparation, Palin stepped up her attacks on the Democratic candidate for President, Illinois Senator Barack Obama. At a fundraising event, Palin explained her new aggressiveness, saying, "There does come a time when you have to take the gloves off and that time is right now." Palin said that her first amendment right to "call Obama out on his associations" was threatened by "attacks by the mainstream media."
Palin appeared on Saturday Night Live's "Weekend Update" segment on October 18. Prior to her appearance, she had been parodied several times by Tina Fey, who was noted for her physical resemblance to the candidate. In the weeks leading up to the election, Palin was also the subject of amateur parodies posted on YouTube.
Controversy arose after it was reported that the Republican National Committee (RNC) spent $150,000 of campaign contributions on clothing, hair styling, and makeup for Palin and her family in September 2008. Campaign spokespersons stated the clothing would be going to charity after the election. Palin and some media outlets blamed gender bias for the controversy. At the end of the campaign, Palin returned the clothes to the RNC.
The election took place on November 4, and Obama was projected as the winner at 11:00 PM EST. In his concession speech McCain thanked Palin, calling her "one of the best campaigners I've ever seen, and an impressive new voice in our party for reform and the principles that have always been our greatest strength." While aides were preparing the teleprompter for McCain's speech, they found a concession speech written for Palin by George W. Bush speechwriter Matthew Scully. Two members of McCain's staff, Steve Schmidt and Mark Salter, told Palin that there was no tradition of Election Night speeches by running mates, and that she would not be speaking. Palin appealed to McCain, who agreed with his staff.
After the 2008 election
Palin was the first guest on commentator Glenn Beck's Fox News television show on January 19, 2009, commenting on Barack Obama that he would be her president and that she would assist in any way to bring progress to the nation without abandoning her conservative views.
On January 27, 2009, Palin formed the political action committee, SarahPAC. The organization, which describes itself as an advocate of energy independence, supports candidates for federal and state office. Following her resignation as Governor, Palin announced her intention to campaign "on behalf of candidates who believe in the right things, regardless of their party label or affiliation." It was reported that SarahPAC had raised nearly $1,000,000. A legal defense fund was set up to help Palin challenge ethics complaints, and it had collected approximately $250,000 by mid-July 2009. In June 2010, Palin's defense fund was ruled illegal and will have to pay back $386,856 it collected in donations because it used Palin's position as governor to raise money for her personal gain. Palin subsequently set up a new defense fund.
In March 2010, Palin started a show to be aired on TLC called Sarah Palin's Alaska. The show was produced by Mark Burnett. Five million viewers tuned in for the premiere episode, a record for TLC. Palin also secured a segment on Fox News. Two guests that she was shown to have interviewed claimed to have never met her. Guests LL Cool J and Toby Keith stated that footage shown on the segment was actually taken from another interview with someone else, but was used in Palin's segment. Fox News and Palin ended this relationship in January 2013. But on June 13, 2013, Palin rejoined Fox News Channel as an analyst.
On December 8, 2010, it was reported that SarahPAC and Palin's personal credit card information were compromised through cyber attacks. Palin's team believed the attack was executed by Anonymous during Operation Payback. The report was met with skepticism in the blogosphere. Palin's email had been hacked once before in 2008.
In August 2009, she coined the phrase "death panel", to describe health care reform. She stated that it would require Americans such as her parents or her child with Down syndrome, "to stand in front of Obama's 'death panel' so his bureaucrats can decide, based on a subjective judgment of their 'level of productivity in society,' whether they are worthy of health care." The phrase was criticized by many on both sides of the political aisle and Politifact named it the "Lie of the Year of 2009"
Going Rogue and America by Heart
In November 2009, Palin released her memoir, Going Rogue: An American Life, in which she details her private and political career, including her resignation as Governor of Alaska. Palin said she took the title from the phrase 'gone rogue' used by McCain staffers to describe her behavior when she spoke her mind on the issues during the campaign. The subtitle, "An American Life," mirrors the title of President Ronald Reagan's 1990 autobiography. Less than two weeks after its release, sales of the book exceeded the one million mark, with 300,000 copies sold the first day. Its bestseller rankings were comparable to memoirs by Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama.
Palin traveled to 11 states in a bus, with her family accompanying her, to promote the book. She made a number of media appearances as well, including a widely publicized interview on November 16, 2009, with Oprah Winfrey. In November 2010 HarperCollins released Palin's second book, titled America by Heart. The book contains excerpts from Palin's favorite speeches, sermons and literature as well as portraits of people Palin admires, including some she met in rural America on her first book tour.
Tea Party movement
On February 6, 2010, Palin appeared as the keynote speaker at the inaugural Tea Party convention in Nashville, Tennessee. Palin said the Tea Party movement is "the future of politics in America." She criticized Obama for rising deficits, and for "apologizing for America” in speeches in other countries. Palin said Obama was weak on the War on Terror for allowing the so-called Christmas bomber to board a plane headed for the United States. Palin’s speaking fee was reported to be $100,000. Judson Phillips, the founder of Tea Party Nation, the social networking site that sponsored the convention, did not confirm the amount paid to Palin saying he was contractually obligated not to speak about it.
On Labor Day, September 5, 2011, Palin was the featured speaker at a Tea Party Express rally in Manchester, New Hampshire's Victory Park. New Hampshire is traditionally the host of the nation's first Presidential primary. She addressed an enthusiastic crowd that the Los Angeles Times estimated to number 1,000 but which the local New Hampshire Union-Leader newspaper reported as "at least 500". Many in the crowd chanted "Run, Sarah, run!" during her speech.
Palin told the rally attendees that it was time to grow the Tea Party movement and it was important for them to avoid internal bickering with Establishment Republicans. She told the crowd, “The Tea Party movement is bigger than any one person and is not about any one candidate.”
"Pink Elephant" movement and 2010 endorsements
In the middle of 2010, Palin flagged the launch of a new "Pink Elephant Movement." She set about endorsing a number of female GOP candidates. Her endorsement helped Georgia Gubernatorial candidate Karen Handel to take the lead in the campaign for the Republican nomination, though ultimately Handel lost the primary. Palin has endorsed several female candidates nationally. Ryan Rudominer, a spokesman for the House Democratic campaign operation has called her involvement in various U.S. House campaigns a "great thing across the board." She spoke at a May 2010 fundraiser for the Susan B. Anthony List, a pro-life political advocacy group and political action committee that supports pro-life women in politics, in which she coined the term "mama grizzly."
In the months ahead of the November 2010 elections, Palin selectively endorsed Republican candidates, and was a significant fundraising asset to those she campaigned for during the primary season. According to Politico, Palin's criteria for endorsing candidates was whether they had the support of the Tea Party movement and the support of the Susan B. Anthony List. In terms of success, Palin was 7-2 for Senate endorsements; 7-6 for House endorsements; and 6-3 in endorsements of gubernatorial candidates Palin's endorsement of Joe Miller in the August 24 Alaska primary election for U.S. Senator was identified as a possible pivotal moment in Miller's upset of the incumbent Republican Senator Lisa Murkowski. According to Daily Beast reporter Shushannah Walshe, Christine O'Donnell's prospects of upsetting establishment Republican candidate Mike Castle "changed overnight" due to Palin's endorsement. O'Donnell defeated Castle in the September 14 primary for Joe Biden's former Senate seat in Delaware. Her O'Donnell endorsement further increased tensions between Palin and the Republican establishment: leading conservative commentator Charles Krauthammer described the endorsement as "reckless and irresponsible"; party strategist Karl Rove argued that her endorsement may have cost the GOP the Delaware Senate seat; and commentators including Politico's Ben Smith posited that Palin's support of O'Donnell contributed to dashing Republican hopes of regaining control of the U.S. Senate. Palin's influence over the primaries nonetheless further increased speculation that she would seek to be the party's nominee for President in 2012, with political pundits like David Frum and Jonathan Chait identifying Palin as the front-runner.
Possible 2012 presidential and Senate campaign
Beginning in November 2008, following Palin's high profile in the presidential campaign, there was an active "Draft Palin" movement. On February 6, 2010, when Fox News asked her if she would be running for president in 2012, she replied, "I would be willing to if I believe that it's right for the country." She added, "I won't close the door that perhaps could be open for me in the future."
In November 2010, Palin confirmed that she was considering running for the Presidency, and was "having that discussion with my family." She said she realised her level of experience could cause problems with winning the nomination, and criticized the "lamestream media" for focusing attention on her personal life.
During March 2011, Palin and her husband toured India at the invitation of Indian newsmagazine India Today, subsequently visiting Israel. During the tour she was asked about her future candidacy; she said, "I don't think there needs to be a rush to get out there as a declared candidate. It's a life-changing decision". In response to another question, she said "It’s time that a woman is president of the United States of America."
On October 5, 2011, Palin said she had decided not to seek the Republican nomination for President.
Possible 2014 Senate campaign
On July 8, 2013, during an appearance and interview on Sean Hannity's radio show, Palin said she is contemplating a run for U.S. Senate against current Senator Mark Begich. "I've considered it because people have requested me [to] consider it," and she said, "I'm still waiting to see what the lineup will be. And hoping there will be some new blood, new energy. Not just kind of picking from the same old politicians in the state that come from political families."
- Palin has been a registered Republican since 1982.
- Palin opposed the 2010 health care reform package, saying it would lead to rationing of health care by a bureaucracy, which she described using the term "death panels". This legislation is the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as modified by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. Palin characterizes the act as an "unfunded mandate" and supports defunding it, as well as repealing portions of the act.
- Palin opposes same-sex marriage.
- She opposes abortion including in cases of rape and incest, and embryonic stem cell research. She supports parental consent for female minors seeking an abortion.
- She supports capital punishment.
- She has called marijuana use a "minimal issue" and suggested that arresting cannabis users should be a low priority for local police, though she opposes legalizing the substance.
- Palin supports sex education in public schools that encourage abstinence along with teaching about contraception.
- She supports discussion of creationism during lessons on evolution in public schools. Palin believes evolution "should be taught as an accepted principle" and said that her belief in God's role in Earth's creation "is not part of the state policy or a local curriculum in a school district. Science should be taught in science class."
- A Life Member of the National Rifle Association (NRA), Palin interprets the Second Amendment as including the right to handgun possession and opposes bans on semi-automatic assault weapons. She supports gun safety education for youth.
- Palin supports off-shore drilling, and land-based drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. When commenting on the Gulf Coast oil disaster Palin said, "I repeat the slogan 'drill here, drill now.'" She said, "I want our country to be able to trust the oil industry." Palin asked supporters to read an article by Thomas Sowell that criticized Obama for having BP pay to an escrow fund.
- Palin has expressed skepticism about the causes of global warming, but agrees that "man's activities certainly can be contributing to the issue" and that action should be taken. She is opposed to cap-and-trade proposals, such as the defunct American Clean Energy and Security Act. Palin has acknowledged that "Simply waiting for low-carbon-emitting renewable capacity to be large enough will mean that it will be too late to meet the mitigation goals..that will be required [for carbon dioxide] under most credible climate-change models."
- Palin is a strong supporter of Israel. Referring to Iran's threat to Israel, Palin said Obama would be reelected if "he played the war card. Say he decided to declare war on Iran or decided really come out and do whatever he could to support Israel, which I would like him to do."
- On foreign policy, Palin supported the Bush Administration's policies in Iraq, but is concerned that "dependence on foreign energy" may be obstructing efforts to "have an exit plan in place." Palin supports preemptive military action in the face of an imminent threat, and supports U.S. military operations in Pakistan. Palin supports NATO membership for Ukraine and Georgia, and affirms that if Russia invaded a NATO member, the United States should meet its treaty obligations.
- On foreign policy, Palin supported the surge strategy in Iraq, the use of additional ground forces in Afghanistan, and, in general, maintaining a strong defensive posture by increasing the defense budget. She believes Islam and democracy can co-exist. She supports strengthening America's alliance with Japan. She supports the de-nuclearization of North Korea. She supports working with China to reduce American debt and improve the human rights and political freedom of Chinese citizens.
Prior to the 2008 Republican National Convention, a Gallup poll found that most voters were unfamiliar with Sarah Palin. During her campaign to become vice president, 39% said Palin was ready to serve as president if needed, 33% said Palin was not, and 29% had no opinion. This was "the lowest vote of confidence in a running mate since the elder George Bush chose then-Indiana senator Dan Quayle to join his ticket in 1988." Following the Convention, her image came under close media scrutiny, particularly with regard to her religious perspective on public life, her socially conservative views, and her perceived lack of experience. Palin's experience in foreign and domestic politics came under criticism among conservatives as well as liberals following her nomination. At the same time, Palin became more popular than John McCain among Republicans.
One month after McCain announced Palin as his running mate, she was viewed both more favorably and unfavorably among voters than her opponent, Delaware Senator Joe Biden. A plurality of the television audience rated Biden's performance higher at the 2008 vice-presidential debate. Media outlets repeated Palin's statement that she "stood up to Big Oil" when she resigned after 11 months as the head of the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, due to abuses she witnessed involving other Republican commissioners and their ties to energy companies and energy lobbyists, and again when she raised taxes on oil companies as governor. In turn, others have said that Palin is a "friend of Big Oil" due to her advocacy of oil exploration and development including drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and the de-listing of the polar bear as an endangered species. The National Organization for Women did not endorse McCain/Palin, endorsing Barack Obama instead.
Palin was selected as one of America’s "10 Most Fascinating People of 2008" by Barbara Walters for an ABC special on December 4, 2008. In April 2010, she was selected as one of the world's 100 most influential people by TIME Magazine.
In the wake of the January 8, 2011 shooting of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, Palin faced criticism for her SarahPAC website's inclusion of a common political graphic that included a crosshair over Giffords's district. Palin responded on her Facebook page to the criticism, saying that "Acts of monstrous criminality stand on their own. They begin and end with the criminals who commit them," controversially equating the accusations of her role in the shooting to a "blood libel". Her response sparked a fiery debate attracting support and criticism. While an ABC News-Washington Post poll found that 46% of respondents viewed Palin's response unfavorably, 30% approved and 24% had no opinion, other polls indicated an increase in Palin's favorable popularity.
Sarah and Todd Palin have five children: sons Track (born April 1989) and Trig Paxson Van (born April 2008), and daughters Bristol Sheeran Marie (born October 1990), Willow (born 1994), and Piper (born 2001). Palin's youngest child, Trig, was prenatally diagnosed with Down syndrome.
Palin has two grandchildren, a boy named Tripp Easton Mitchell Johnston, who was born to her eldest daughter, Bristol, and her then-fiancé, Levi Johnston, in 2008, and a girl named Kyla Grace Palin, who was born to son Track and his wife, Britta, in 2011. Her husband Todd worked for the British oil company BP as an oil-field production operator, retiring in 2009, and owns a commercial fishing business.
Palin was born into a Roman Catholic family. Later, her family joined the Wasilla Assembly of God, a Pentecostal church, which she attended until 2002. Palin then switched to the Wasilla Bible Church. When in Juneau, she attends the Juneau Christian Center. Palin described herself in an interview as a "Bible-believing Christian."
- Going Rogue: An American Life (2009)
- America by Heart: Reflections on Family, Faith, and Flag (2010)
- Good Tidings and Great Joy: Protecting the Heart of Christmas (2013)
- "BBC News - Profile: Sarah Palin". BBC News. October 5, 2011. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
- Benet, Lorenzo (2009-02-17). ''Trailblazer: An Intimate Biography of Sarah Palin''. Books.simonandschuster.com. ISBN 9781439155554. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Family Support: Gov. Palin's Siblings Rate Her Debate Performance". Fox News. October 3, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
- "How I Got to Know Sarah Palin" WSB TV 2. September 3, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "'I Never Thought I’d Say, ‘My Sister, the Vice President’". Glamour. October 1, 2008. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
- "Palin's Big Brother 'Excited for Her'". ABC News. October 18, 2010. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
- Harnden, Toby (August 29, 2008). "Sarah Palin profile: Former beauty queen was an unlikely choice". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved April 25, 2009.
- Palin, Sarah. (2009) Going Rogue. HarperCollins Publishers, New York. Ch. 2, pp. 7, 10.
- Hilley, Joe. "''Trailblazer: An Intimate Biography of Sarah Palin''. Benet, Lorenzo". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- Palin, Sarah. (2009) Going Rogue. pp. 14, 17.
- "Palin's Alaskan town proud, wary". The Boston Globe. September 3, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2010. "Palin, whose family moved to Wasilla from nearby Eagle River when she was 8, stood out from an early age." (requires subscription or fee)
- Gorski, Eric (August 30, 2008). "Evangelicals energized by McCain-Palin ticket". USA Today. Retrieved February 7, 2010.
- Palin, Sarah. (2009) Going Rogue. pp. 30, 33.
- Johnson, Kaylene (April 1, 2008). Sarah: How a Hockey Mom Turned Alaska's Political Establishment Upside Down. Epicenter Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-9790470-8-4.
- "Palin was no pushover on basketball court". MSNBC.com. Associated Press. October 8, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
- Suddath, Claire (August 29, 2008). "A Jock and a Beauty Queen". Time.
- "Palin, 'Average' Student at 5 Schools, Prayed, Planned for TV" bloomberg.com, Sept. 7, 2008. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
- "Sarah Palin's Extensive College Career". USNews.com. September 5, 2008. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- "Alumni Awards". North Idaho College. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- "McCain surprises with Palin pick". MarketWatch (Wall Street Journal). August 29, 2008. Retrieved August 29, 2008.
- Peterson, Deb (August 30, 2008). "Palin was a high school star, says schoolmate". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Archived from the original on 2008-09-01.
- Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne M. (September 8, 2008). "Miss Alaska '84 Recalls Rival's Winning Ways". The Washington Post. p. C1. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
- Davey, Monica (October 24, 2008). "Little-Noticed College Student to Star Politician". New York Times.
- "Sarah Palin On Flute: Watch Her Beauty Pageant Talent" (VIDEO). Huffington Post. October 1, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- Geranios, Nicholas K. (September 5, 2008). "Palin switched colleges as many as 6 times". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
- Noah, Timothy (October 1, 2008). "Sarah Palin's college daze". Slate.com. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- "Palin, 'Average' Student at 5 Schools, Prayed, Planned for TV". Bloomberg.com. September 7, 2008. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- "Sarah Palin Biography". The Biography Channel. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
- "Sarah Palin: From TV Sports Anchor To Vice Presidential Candidate" (VIDEO). Huffington Post. August 30, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- Lede, Naomi (July 15, 2009). "Palin: Point guard for the GOP". The Huntsville Item. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
- "We know Sarah Palin". Opinion (Mat-Su Valley Frontiersman). August 30, 2008. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
- D'Agostino, Ryan (November 16, 2009). "Sarah Palin: What I've Learned". Esquire. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- Kizzia, Tom (October 23, 2006). "Part 1: 'Fresh face' launched Palin: Wasilla mayor was groomed from an early political age". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- "Gov. Sarah Palin (R)". Almanac of American Politics 2008 (National Journal).
- Levenson, Michael (September 3, 2008). "Palin's Alaskan town proud, wary". Boston Globe. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
- "1992 Vote Results". City of Wasilla. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- Tapper, Jake (September 1, 2008). "Members of 'Fringe' Alaskan Independence Party Incorrectly Say Palin Was a Member in 90s; McCain Camp and Alaska Division of Elections Deny Charge". Political Punch (ABC News).
- Yardley, William (August 29, 2008). "Sarah Heath Palin, an Outsider Who Charms". New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2008.
- "1996 Regular election". City of Wasilla. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
- Yardley, William (September 2, 2008). "Palin's Start in Alaska: Not Politics as Usual". The New York Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
- "October 5, 1999 Regular Election; Official Results" (PDF). City of Wasilla. October 11, 2005. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- "Wasilla Municipal Code". City of Wasilla. Archived from the original on September 1, 2008. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- "From Wasilla's basketball court to the national stage: Sarah Palin timeline". Anchorage Daily News. August 29, 2008. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- Armstrong, Ken; Bernton, Hal (September 7, 2008). "Sarah Palin had turbulent first year as mayor of Alaska town". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "Fiscal Year Budget 1993 part 1" (PDF). 1992 to 2002 Budgets. City of Wasilla. Fiscal year ending June 30, 1994. p. A1.
- MacGillis, Alec (September 14, 2008). "As Mayor of Wasilla, Palin Cut Own Duties, Left Trail of Bad Blood". Washington Post. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- White, Rindi (September 4, 2008). "Palin pressured Wasilla librarian". Anchorage Daily News. p. 1B. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- Thornburgh, Nathan (September 2, 2008). "Mayor Palin: A Rough Record". Time. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- Komarnitsky, S.J. (October 26, 1996). "New Wasilla mayor asks city's managers to resign in loyalty test". Alaska Daily News (Archives, fee required). p. D4.
- Komarnitsky, S.J. (October 2, 1996). "Palin wins Wasilla mayor's job" (Archives fee required). Anchorage Daily News. p. B1.
- Stuart, Paul (December 18, 1996). "Palin: Library censorship inquiries 'Rhetorical'". Mat-Su Valley Frontiersman. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- Fritze, John (September 9, 2008). "Palin did not ban books in Wasilla as mayor". USA Today. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- Komarnitsky, S.J. (February 1, 1997). "Wasilla keeps librarian, but police chief is out". Anchorage Daily News. pp. 1B. Retrieved August 31, 2008.
- Bernton, Hal (September 1, 2008). "Palin's swift rise wins both admirers, enemies". Seattle Times. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Isikoff, Michael; Mark Hosenball (September 13, 2008). "A Police Chief, A Lawsuit And A Small-Town Mayor". Campaign 2008 (Newsweek). Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- Komarnitsky, S.J. (March 1, 2000). "Judge Backs Chief's Firing" (archive, fee required). Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 1, 2008.ADN summary of the decision
- Phillips, Michael M. (September 6, 2008). "Palin's Hockey Rink Leads To Legal Trouble in Town She Led". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 8, 2008.
- Truth-O-Meter (August 31, 2008). "Palin "inherited a city with zero debt, but left it with indebtedness of over $22-million : Numbers right, context missing". Politifact.com. St. Petersburg Times.
- Schwartz, Emma (September 10, 2008). "Palin's Record on Pork: Less Sizzle than Reported". ABC News. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- Kane, Paul (September 2, 2008). "Palin's Small Alaska Town Secured Big Federal Funds". Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
- "State of Alaska Primary Election - August 27, 2002 Official Results". Alaska Division of Elections. September 18, 2002. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
- Kizzia, Tom (October 24, 2006). "Part 2: Rebel status has fueled front-runner's success". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- Walshe, Shushannah (June 2, 2010). "The Palin-Murkowski rivalry, explained". Salon. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- "Commissioners - Terms in Office". Alaska Oil & Gas Conservation Commission. Alaska Department of Administration. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
- Mauer, Richard (August 29, 2008). "Palin explains her actions in Ruedrich case". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2008.
- Zaki, Taufen; Dennis, Stephen (March 14, 2008). "Randy Ruedrich defiant, still employed". Alaska Report. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
- Barnes, Fred (July 16, 2007). "The Most Popular Governor". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved October 7, 2008.
- "Attorney General Gregg Renkes Resigns". Stories in the News. SitNews.US. February 6, 2005. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
- "Personnel board drops complaint against Renkes". Juneau Daily News. Associated Press. March 8, 2005. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- Dobbyn, Paula (December 5, 2004). "Renkes Mixed Personal, State Business". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
- Mosk, Matthew (September 1, 2008). "Palin Was a Director of Embattled Sen. Stevens's 527 Group". The Trail (Washington Post). Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- Abcarian, Robin (September 4, 2008). "Insiders see 'new feminism' Outside the GOP convention, however, questions are raised about Palin's family responsibilities". Article collections, Republican National Convention (Los Angeles Times). Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- Sands, David R. (August 30, 2008). "Palin's rise a model for maverick politicians". The Washington Times. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
- Yardley, William (August 23, 2006). "Alaska Governor Concedes Defeat in Primary". New York Times. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
- "Gov. Sarah Palin (R)". Almanac of American Politics 2010 (National Journal).
- "Meet Sean Parnell - Alaska Governor Sean Parnell". Website of the State of Alaska. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Ayres, Sabra (May 30, 2007). "Alaska's governor tops the approval rating charts" (Archives, fee required). Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
- From an Ivan Moore press release (September 24, 2008). "Palin approval rating takes huge dive". Alaska Report. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
- Cockerham, Sean (May 6, 2009). "New poll shows slump in Palin's popularity among Alaskans". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved May 7, 2009.
- Halpin, James (July 10, 2007). "Palin signs ethics reforms". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- "How Palin turned on her own party and became governor". Alaska Dispatch. August 29, 2006.
- Berman, Russell (August 29, 2008). "McCain Picks Alaska Governor Sarah Palin as Running Mate". The New York Sunl. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- Carlton, Jim (2008-07-31). "Alaska's Palin Faces Probe". Wall Street Journal. p. A4. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
- "Alaska State of the State Address 2007". January 17, 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- Bender, Bryan; Issenberg, Sasha (September 3, 2008). "Palin not well traveled outside US". Boston Globe. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
- Bender, Bryan (September 13, 2008). "Palin camp clarifies extent of Iraq trip: Says she never ventured beyond Kuwait border". Boston Globe. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
- "Excerpts: Charlie Gibson Interviews Sarah Palin". ABC News. September 11, 2008. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
- Shinohara, Rosemary (July 16, 2007). "No vetoes here". Anchorage Daily News.
- Bradner, Tim (July 8, 2007). "Lawmakers cringe over governor's deep budget cuts". Alaska Journal of Commerce. Archived from the original on September 1, 2008. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- Cockerham, Sean (May 24, 2008). "Palin's veto ax lops $268 million from budget". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on 2008-05-27. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
- Yardley, William (August 25, 2007). "Jet that Helped Defeat an Alaska Governor is Sold.". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
- Kornblut, Anne Elise (September 6, 2008). "Governor's Plane Wasn't Sold on Ebay". Washington Post. p. A7. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
- Grimaldi, James V.; Vick, Karl (September 9, 2008). "Palin Billed State for Nights Spent at Home - Taxpayers Also Funded Family's Travel". The Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
- The Anchorage Daily News, January 20, 2008: Palin does not use the governor's private chef, whom Palin transferred to the Lounge of the State Legislature.
- Luo, Michael; Wayne, Leslie (September 9, 2008). "Palin Aides Defend Billing State for Time at Home". The New York Times.
- Walsh, Joan (July 9, 2009). "Why is Palin lying about state ethics probes?". Salon.com. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- Grimaldi, James V. (February 19, 2009). "Palin Now Owes Taxes on Payments for Nights at Home, State Rules". The Washington Post. p. A04. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
- Demer, Lisa (February 17, 2008). "Palin owes tax on per diem, state says". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved February 19, 2009. "'At the Governor's request, we reviewed the situation to determine whether we were in full compliance with the pertinent Internal Revenue Service regulations,' Kreitzer wrote."
- Hopkins, Kyle (December 17, 2008). "Palin won't accept raise". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved January 12, 2009. "But if the commission pushes ahead with a pay raise, Palin won't accept the money, said spokesman Bill McAllister."
- Associated Press staff (January 11, 2009). "State commission nixes Palin pay increase". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- Paige, Leslie K. (January 29, 2008). "Alaska Begins to Grow Up". Wastewatcher, January 2008. Citizens Against Government Waste. Archived from the original on January 13, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
- Associated Press staff (September 8, 2008). "McCain, Palin criticize Obama on earmarks". Decision '08 archive- John McCain News. MSNBC.com. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
- Bernton, Hal; Heath, David (September 2, 2008). "Palin's earmark requests: more per person than any other state". Seattle Times. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
- Taylor, Andrew (September 2, 2008). "Palin's pork requests confound reformer image". Associated Press. Retrieved October 23, 2008.
- Bolstad, Erika (September 8, 2008). "Palin's Take On Earmarks Evolving". Anchorage Daily News.
- Associated Press staff (September 23, 2007). "Alaska Seeks Alternative to Bridge Plan". New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
- Kizzia, Tom (August 31, 2008). "Palin touts stance on 'Bridge to Nowhere,' doesn't note flip-flop". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on Mar 29, 2010.
- Dilanian, Ken (August 31, 2008). "Palin backed ‘bridge to nowhere’ in 2006". USA Today. Retrieved February 14, 2010. "'We need to come to the defense of Southeast Alaska when proposals are on the table like the bridge, and not allow the spinmeisters to turn this project or any other into something that’s so negative,' Palin said in August 2006, according to the Ketchikan (Alaska) Daily News."
- Staff (October 22, 2006). "Where they stand" (Archives, fee required). Anchorage Daily News. p. A12. "5. Would you continue state funding for the proposed Knik Arm and Gravina Island bridges? Yes. I would like to see Alaska's infrastructure projects built sooner rather than later. The window is now - while our congressional delegation is in a strong position to assist."
- Governor's Office (September 21, 2007). "Gravina Access Project Redirected". Press release 0921 (Press release). Governor's Office–State of Alaska. Retrieved February 9, 2010. "Governor Sarah Palin today directed the Department of Transportation and Public Facilities to look for the most fiscally responsible alternative for access to the Ketchikan airport and Gravina Island rather than the proposed $398-million bridge."
- Rosen, Yereth (September 1, 2008). "Palin 'bridge to nowhere' line angers many Alaskans". Reuters. Retrieved September 1, 2008. "In the city Ketchikan, the planned site of the so-called 'Bridge to Nowhere,' political leaders of both parties said the claim was false and a betrayal of their community...."
- "Fact Check: Did Palin say 'no thanks' to the Bridge to Nowhere?". CNN Politics, Political Ticker (CNN). September 18, 2008. Retrieved June 21, 2009. "The Facts: Palin voiced support for the plan while running for governor...She rejected the bridge after she was elected and the project became a famous symbol of government waste."
- Kizzia, Tom (August 31, 2008). "Palin touts stance on 'Bridge to Nowhere,' doesn't note flip-flop". Anchorage Daily News.
- Quinn, Steve (September 20, 2008). "Alaska town opens 'road to nowhere'". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved April 28, 2009. "Roger Wetherell, speaking for the state Transportation Department, said the road opened several days ago might someday get people to and from Gravina Island after all, if cheaper designs for a bridge become a reality. Meantime, it opens access to land development, he said."
- Rosen, Yereth (August 27, 2008). "Alaska governor signs natgas pipeline license bill". Calgary Herald. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- "Governor Palin Unveils the AGIA". News & Announcements. State of Alaska. March 2, 2007. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Hosenball, Mark (September 20, 2008). "Periscope: Palin's Pipeline to Nowhere" (From the magazine issue dated September 29, 2008). Newsweek. Retrieved September 23, 2008.
- Associated Press staff (March 22, 2007). "State puts bounty on wolves to boost predator control". Juneau Empire Story Archive. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- "Governor Palin Introduces Bill to Streamline Predator Management Laws" (Press release). Alaska Department of Game and Fish. May 11, 2007. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
- deMarban, Alex (March 31, 2007). "Judge orders state to stop wolf bounties: Option: The ruling says Game Board has authority to offer cash incentives". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- "Alaska voters shoot down predator control initiative". newsminer.com (Fairbanks Daily News-Miner). August 27, 2008. Archived from the original on September 14, 2008. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- Cockerham, Sean (August 14, 2008). "Palin staff pushed to have trooper fired". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- Fagan, Dan (September 16, 2008). "No one is above the truth, even Palin". Opinion (Anchorage Daily News).
- Loy, Wesley (September 16, 2008). "Palin accuses Monegan of insubordination, Troopergate: Governor's lawyer attempts to clear her of misconduct in the firing". Anchorage Daily News.
- Demer, Lisa (August 30, 2008). "'Troopergate' inquiry hangs over campaign". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2008-09-05. "For the record, no one ever said fire Wooten. Not the governor. Not Todd. Not any of the other staff. What they said directly was more along the lines of 'This isn't a person that we would want to be representing our state troopers.'"
- Holland, Megan (July 19, 2008). "Monegan says he was pressured to fire cop" (Archives, fee required). Anchorage Daily News. p. A1.
- Demer, Lisa (July 27, 2008). "Is Wooten a good trooper?" (Archives, fee required). Anchorage Daily News. p. A1.
- "Long-Standing Feud in Alaska Embroils Palin". The Washington Post. August 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- Demer, Lisa (August 30, 2008). "'Troopergate' inquiry hangs over campaign". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2008-09-05. "Monegan said he believes his firing was directly related to the fact Wooten stayed on the job."
- The Editors (August 30, 2008). "Monegan to Palin: 'Ma'am, I Need to Keep You at Arm's Length'". The Washington Post Investigations (Washington Post). Retrieved 2008-09-05.
- Simon, Matt (November 7, 2008). "Monegan Says Palin Administration, Husband Used Governor's Office to Pressure Firing First Family's Former Brother-in-Law". KTVA, CBS News 11. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- Grimaldi, James V.; Vick, Karl (September 4, 2008). "Palin E-Mails Show Intense Interest in Trooper's Penalty". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-09-03.
- Sean Cockerham (August 14, 2008). "Alaska's governor admits her staff tried to have trooper fired". Anchorage Daily News. McClatchy. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- Quinn, Steve (July 28, 2008). "Lawmakers formally call for investigation into Palin's Public Safety firing". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-02-09.[dead link]
- Espo, David (September 19, 2008). "Palin probe has parallels to 2000 recount fight". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on January 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Loy, Wesley (July 29, 2008). "Hired help will probe Monegan dismissal". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- Hulen, David (August 13, 2008). "Namely, specifically, most disturbing, is a telephone recording apparently made and preserved by the troopers...". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Demer, Lisa (September 3, 2008). "Palin seeks review of Monegan firing case: Board: Governor makes ethics complaint against herself to force action". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
- "Palin wants quick state board ruling in trooper probe". ElectionCenter2008 (CNN). September 3, 2008.
- Associated Press Staff (September 16, 2008). "Alaska AG: Palin subpoenas won't be honored and five Alaska lawmakers file suit to end ‘Troopergate’ probe". MSNBC. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- Cockerham, Sean (October 2, 2008). "Judge refuses to halt Troopergate probe". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Apuzzo, Matt (October 5, 2008). "7 Palin aides to testify in abuse-of-power probe". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-11-16.
- Spence, Hal (October 12, 2008). "Branchflower report draws mixed reactions". Peninsula Clarion (Kenai, Alaska). "The council voted unanimously to make the report public, but did not vote to endorse its findings."
- Branchflower, Stephen (October 10, 2008). "Report to the Legislative Council, Public Report" (PDF). State of Alaska Legislature. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-10. Report consists of 268 pages, see page 8 for the findings.
- Branchflower 2008, p. 66
- Rood, Justin; Rutherford, Jessica and Delawala, Imtiyaz (October 10, 2008). "Troopergate Report: Palin Abused Power: Palin Says She Did 'Nothing Unlawful or Unethical' in Firing of Safety Commissioner". ABC News. Retrieved 2008-10-10. The report further found that Colberg had failed to cooperate fully with the investigation.
- The Governor's Attorney Condemns the Branchflower Report as Misleading and Wrong on the Law scribd.com, statement from Clapp, Peterson, Van Flein, Tiemessen, Thorsness LLC, October 11, 2008. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- Dobbs, Michael (October 13, 2008). "Four Pinocchios for Palin". The Fact Checker, Candidate Watch (Washington Post).
- Demer, Lisa (October 11, 2008). "Palin: 'Very much appreciating being cleared of any legal wrongdoing or unethical activity at all' (Updated with audio)". Alaska Politics Blog. Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- Demer, Lisa (September 2, 2008). "Attorney challenges Monegan firing inquiry". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
- Van Flein, Thomas (September 15, 2008). "Before The State Of Alaska Personnel Board, In The Matter of Sarah Palin, Governor, Motion For Determination Of No Probable Cause" (PDF). p. 54.
- Loy, Wesley (September 16, 2008). "'Rogue' Monegan accused of insubordination" (Archives, fee required ). Anchorage Daily News. p. A1.
- CNN staff (October 25, 2008). "Palin gives deposition in trooper case". ElectionCenter200 (CNN). Retrieved 2008-10-26.
- State of Alaska Personnel Board Report of Findings and Recommendations Nov. 3, 2008. pdf file of Independent Counsel Timothy Petumenos' report. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- Grimaldi, James V. (November 3, 2008). "2nd Alaska Probe Finds Palin Did Not Violate Ethics Rules". The Trail (Washington Post).
- "Palin didn't violate ethics law, 2nd probe finds". CNN. November 3, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Yardley, William; Serge F. Kovaleski (November 3, 2008). "Report Backs Palin in Firing of Commissioner". New York Times.
- D'Oro, Rachel (November 3, 2008). "Report clears Palin in Troopergate probe". Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
- SurveyUSA website, "APPROVAL RATINGS FOR ALL 50 GOVERNORS (Released 11/20/06)". Retrieved 2010-12-15.
- Cauchon, Dennis (June 21, 2007). "At state level, GOP, Dems learn to get along". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- Ayres, Sabra (May 30, 2007). "Alaska's governor tops the approval rating charts". Archived at AccessMyLibrary (Anchorage Daily News). Retrieved 2009-10-24.[dead link]
- Horton, Carly (November 4, 2007). "Palin ranks among nation's most popular governors". The Alaska Journal of Commerce. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- "Alaska: McCain 48% Obama 43%". Rasmussen Reports. April 10, 2008. Archived from the original on July 4, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- "Alaska: McCain 50% Obama 41%". Rasmussen Reports. May 17, 2008. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- "Governor Palin is the most popular governor in the country.". PolitiFact.com Truth-o-Meter (St. Petersburg Times, FL). September 3, 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-01.
- "Palin approval rating drops in Alaska". Anchorage Daily News. October 1, 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-01.
- "McCain Leads By 15 in Alaska". Rasmussen Reports. October 7, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.[dead link]
- Cockerham, Sean (May 7, 2009). "New poll shows slump in Palin's popularity among Alaskans". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2009-07-05.
- Cillizza, Chris (July 17, 2009). "Morning Fix: Winners and Losers, Sotomayor Day 4". The Fix (Washington Post). Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- "Palin's Reasons for Stepping Down" (Transcript and Video). 44 The Obama Presidency (Washington Post). July 3, 2009.
- New York Times staff (July 5, 2009). "Legal Bills Swayed Palin, Official Says". New York Times.
- Carlton, Jim (July 7, 2009). "Palin Confidante Says Governor Felt Hampered by Probes". Wall Street Journal.
- Wall Street Journal Staff (July 6, 2009). "Palin to quit as governor; cost of probes is cited" (WSJ roundupThe Wall Street Journal Asia. p. 12. "Sarah Palin’s decision to resign as Alaska governor was primarily prompted by her concern over the large sums of money being spent on ethics investigations targeting her, Alaska Lt. Gov. Sean Parnell said Sunday.").
- Fund, John (July 7, 2009). "Why Palin Quit: Death by a Thousand FOIAs". Opinion (Wall Street Journal).
- Video of Alaska Governor Transfer of Power Ceremony (Sarah Palin "farewell speech" at 6:00min) C-SPAN.org 2009-07-26. Retrieved 2010-12-16.
- Associated Press staff (July 3, 2009). "Palin Steps Down as Alaska Governor". CBS News.
- New ethics rules in Alaska to take effect Dec. 22 Fairbanks Daily News-Miner (AP), Dec 07, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
- Mayer, Jane (October 27, 2008). "The Insiders: How John McCain came to pick Sarah Palin". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Horton, Scott (October 15, 2008) (Transcript and link to Audio). Salon Radio: Scott Horton. Interview with Glenn Greenwald. http://www.salon.com/opinion/greenwald/radio/2008/10/15/horton/index1.html. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Draper, Robert (October 26, 2008). "The Making (and Remaking and Remaking) of McCain". The New York Times Magazine. pp. 52–59, 74, 112. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Balz, Dan; Barnes, Robert (August 31, 2008). "Palin Made an Impression From the Start". The Making Of A Running Mate (Washington Post). p. A1. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Davis, Susan (August 29, 2008). "When John Met Sarah: How McCain Picked Palin". Washington Wire (The Wall Street Journal). Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- Bumiller, Elizabeth; Cooper, Michael (August 31, 2008). "Conservative Ire Pushed McCain From Lieberman". New York Times. p. A26. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- The first woman was Geraldine Ferraro, the Democratic vice-presidential nominee in 1984, who ran with former vice-president Walter Mondale."McCain taps Alaska Gov. Palin as vice president pick". ElectionCenter2008 (CNN). August 29, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- Delbridge, Rena (September 3, 2008). "Alaska delegates see more Republican convention attention". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- Shear, Michael D.; Vick, Karl (September 2, 2008). "No Surprises From Palin, McCain Team Says". The Washington Post. p. A17. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Wangsness, Lisa (September 5, 2008). "Republicans point fingers at media over Palin coverage". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
- Noah, Timothy (September 3, 2008). "Sarah Palin Wows Convention! Why success is foreordained . . . .". Slate magazine. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- "More than 40 million people see Palin speech". USA Today. Associated Press. September 4, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Palin Power: Fresh Face Now More Popular Than Obama, McCain". Rasmussen Reports. September 5, 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-01. (full article requires subscription)
- Calderone, Michael. "Sarah Palin has yet to meet the press". Politico. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- Garofoli, Joe (September 30, 2008). "Palin: McCain campaign's end-run around media". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-09-30. Besides the perceived motive of protecting the Vice Presidential nominee from media questions, the McCain campaign sought to have her constantly at McCain's side because she drew crowds.
- Swaine, Jon (September 12, 2008). "Sarah Palin interview: pundits give mixed reviews". London: Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- Stanley, Alessandra (September 26, 2008). "A Question Reprised, but the Words Come None Too Easily for Palin". New York Times. p. A20. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Nagourney, Adam (September 30, 2008). "Concerns About Palin’s Readiness as Big Test Nears". New York Times. p. A16. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Alberts, Sheldon (September 29, 2008). "Palin raising fears among Republican conservatives". Canada.com. Canwest News Service. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- Bumiller, Elizabeth; Julie Bosman and Michael Cooper (November 6, 2008). "Internal Battles Divided McCain and Palin Camps". New York Times. p. P9. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Costello, Carol; Dana Bash and Scott J. Anderson (September 29, 2008). "Conservatives to McCain camp: Let Palin be Palin". CNN. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- UPI staff (September 30, 2008). "Palin prepping for debate in seclusion". Sedona, AZ: UPI. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Daniel K., Douglass (August 2, 2008). "Obama backs away from McCain's debate challenge". Houston Chronicle. Associated Press. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- CNN staff (October 3, 2008). "Debate poll says Biden won, Palin beat expectations". ElectionCenter2008 (CNN). Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Fouhy, Beth (October 3, 2008). "Palin says debate went well as polls favor Biden". Fox News. Associated Press. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Johnston, Nicholas (October 6, 2008). "Palin Takes `Gloves Off,' Filling Attack-Dog Role (Update 2)". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- ABC News, October 31, 2008, Palin Fears Media Threaten Her First Amendment Rights
- Michaud, Chris (October 19, 2008). "Palin drops in on 'Saturday Night Live'". Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Chapman, Glenn (September 18, 2008). "Palin parodies flood the Web". The Washington Times. AFP. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- AP staff (October 22, 2008). "GOP spent $150,000 in donations on Palin's look". AZCentral.com. Associated Press. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- AP staff (October 23, 2008). "Palin blames gender bias for clothing controversy". The Toronto Star. Associated Press. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Huffington Post staff (October 23, 2008). "Campbell Brown Calls Out Double Standard On Palin Clothes Controversy". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Johnson, Gene (November 10, 2008). "Palin Sorts Clothes To See What Belongs To The RNC". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- "Transcript: McCain concedes presidency". ElectionCenter2008 (Phoenix, Arizona: CNN). November 4, 2008. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Purdum, Todd S. (August 2009). "It Came from Wasilla". Vanity Fair (588). pp. 60–65, 107–112. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Rhee, Foon (January 19, 2009). "Palin hopeful about Obama presidency". Political Intelligence (Boston.com). Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Carnevale, Mary Lu; Davis, Susan (January 27, 2009). "Sarah Palin Launches Political Action Committee". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Salant, Jonathan D. (January 27, 2009). "Palin Forms Political Committee That Could Help a 2012 Campaign". Bloomberg News. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Millstone, Ken (January 27, 2009). "Sarah Palin Launches Political Action Committee". Political Hotsheet (CBS News). Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Hallow, Ralph (July 12, 2009). "Exclusive: Palin to stump for conservative Democrats, Vows to shun 'partisan stuff'". The Washington Times. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Bolstad, Erika; Cockerham, Sean (July 14, 2009). "SarahPAC collections reach nearly a million: Nearly 11,000 Contributors". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- AP staff (August 28, 2009). "Palin's Legal Fund Faces Ethics Challenge". CBS News. Associated Press. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Reuters staff (June 25, 2010). "Illegal Sarah Palin defense fund must give back donations". Reuters. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- Barnett, Lindsay (April 9, 2010). "Wildlife Group urges Discovery to Drop Sarah Palin's docu-series". L.A. Unleashed (LA Times). Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Gold, Matea (March 30, 2010). "Palin's new Fox show debuts this week". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Hibberd, James (November 15, 2010). "'Sarah Palin's Alaska' Breaks TLC Ratings Record". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 18, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- Leonard, Tom (April 2, 2010). "'Guests' say Palin's TV show dishonest". Calgary Herald. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Hambly, Peter (January 25, 2013). "Palin and Fox News call it quits". CNN.com. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- "MONTHS LATER, SARAH PALIN BACK AS FOX NEWS ANALYST". AP. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Jake Tapper (2010-12-08). "Exclusive: Sarah Palin Under Cyber-Attack from Wikileaks Supporters in 'Operation Payback'". abcnews.com. ABC News. Retrieved 2010-12-09.
- Hudson, John (2010-12-09). "Is Palin Just Using 'Operation Payback' to Get Attention?". theatlanticwire.com. The Atlantic Wire. Retrieved 2010-12-09.
- Rowland, Kara (September 19, 2008). "Hacker wanted to 'derail' Palin". The Washington Times. Retrieved September 23, 2008.
- "Statement on the Current Health Care Debate". Facebook. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- "PolitiFact's Lie of the Year: 'Death panels'". PolitiFact. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- Dickerson, John (October 20, 2008). "Palin's Campaign vs. McCain's: When Sarah Palin disagrees with John McCain, it means something. Or does it?". Slate. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Geier, Thom (October 6, 2009). "Sarah Palin's new memoir: Gosh that subtitle sounds familiar". Shelf Life. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 30, 2010.WebCite archive
- Associated Press (2009-12-01). "Sarah Palin Book Goes Platinum Former Vice Presidential Candidate's "Going Rogue" Joins the Ranks of Top Selling Political Memoirs by Obama and the Clintons". CBS News. Archived from the original on 2009-12-01.
- Kuznia, Rob (December 9, 2009). "Sarah Palin Tops New York Times Best Seller List with 'Going Rogue'". HispanicBusiness.com. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Reither, Andrea (December 1, 2009). "Sarah Palin's 'Going Rogue' sells 1 million. How does it stack up to Barack and Hillary's books?". The Dishrag. Zap2It Blog. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Stelter, Brian; Dave Itzkoff (November 18, 2009). "Sarah Palin Generates High Ratings for ‘Oprah’". New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Montopoli, Brian (May 11, 2010). "Sarah Palin's New Book: 'America by Heart'". Political Hotsheet. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- Italie, Hillel (May 12, 2010). "Sarah Palin's book, 'America by Heart,' out Nov. 23". USAToday.Com. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Knickerbocker, Brad (November 21, 2010). "Sarah Palin's 'America by Heart' sure to stir friends – and enemies". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
- Zernike, Kate (February 6, 2010). "Palin Assails Obama at Tea Party Meeting". New York Times (Nashville, TN). Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Kurtz, Howard (January 8, 2010). "Obama Takes the Blame". Media Notes (Washington Post). Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Abcarian, Robin (September 5, 2011). "N.H. Republican says Sarah Palin's window is closed". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- Cousineau, Michael. "Sarah Palin: 'We're not going to just sit back'". New Hampshire Union-Leader. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- Parker, Kathleen (July 14, 2010). "Sarah Palin, from pit bull to mama grizzly". Washington Post. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
- Hennessy, Kathleen (July 24, 2010). "For GOP Women 2010 May Not Be Their Year". New York Times (Nashville, TN). Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- Vejnoska, Jill (July 25, 2010). "For GOP Women 2010 May Not Be Their Year". AJC (Atlanta, GA). Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- Davis, Susan (2010-06-10). "Measuring the Impact of a Nod From Palin". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
- "Sarah Palin Issues a Call to Action to 'Mama Grizzlies'", The Washington Post, May 14, 2010
- "Palin Tells Women's Group Washington Should Beware of 'Mama Grizzlies'", Associated Press, May 14, 2010
- Barr, Andy (December 3, 2008). "Chambliss: Palin 'allowed us to peak'". Politico. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Maggie Haberman (2010-09-21). "Sarah Palin, Mike Huckabee bid for conservative base". Politico. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- Sandra Fish, Sarah Palin's Tuesday Picks Come Out on Top, Mostly Politics Daily 2010-09-15
- Horowitz, Jason (2010-08-25). "Joe Miller". Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-09-01. "Whether he ultimately prevailed or not was beside the point. Palin, whose presidential and political aspirations are still undetermined, had demonstrated that the strength of her base is not."
- Gutierrez, Alexandra (2010-08-25). "Sarah Palin's Tea Party How Joe Miller—the Palin-endorsed, Tea Party-supported candidate—surprised everyone in Alaska.". Slate. Retrieved 2010-09-01. "And while Palin did not campaign for Miller, she and former Lt. Gov. Loren Leman recorded effective 11th-hour robocalls for him."
- Shushannah Walshe, Palin's Wins Stoke White House Run, The Daily Beast 2010-09-16
- Krauthammer, Charles The Buckley rule The Washington Post 2010-09-17
- Frank James Sarah Palin Tells Karl Rove Where To Go... NPR 2010-09-18
- Palin blog: Coons would have beaten Castle Politico 2010-11-02
- Cillizza, Chris (October 3, 2008). "Sarah Palin, St. Louis and 2012". The Fix (Washington Post). Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- David Frum, Is Palin Now the 2012 Front-Runner? frumforum.com 2010-09-16
- Jonathan Chait Lord Help Us, Palin Is Running For President The New Republic 2010-09-16
- Reed, Ali (November 6, 2008). "What next for Sarah Palin?". BBC News. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Pilkington, Ed (February 7, 2010). "Sarah Palin fires up Tea Party faithful and hints at 2012 run". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- Zernike, Kate (February 7, 2010). "Palin Responds to ‘Run, Sarah, Run’". New York Times.
- Spillius, Alex (2010-11-17). "Sarah Palin finally says she is considering White House bid". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
- "I'm very excited to be in India: Sarah Palin". India Today. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
- Ed Pilkington in New York (March 18, 2011). "Sarah Palin tours India and Israel to get to grips with foreign policy". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
- "Videos". Conclave.intoday.in. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
- Lahiri, Tripti (2011-03-19). "India’s Sarah Palin Hour - India Real Time - WSJ". Blogs.wsj.com. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
- "ABC15 talks to Sarah Palin at Sky Harbor". Abc15.com. 2011-01-18. Retrieved 2011-07-30.
- "Raw Data: Sarah Palin Announces She Will Not Seek GOP 2012 Nomination". Fox News. 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- Liptak, Kevin. "Palin: I'm considering a Senate run". CNN. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Weiner, Rachel. "Sarah Palin considering 2014 Senate bid". The Washington Post. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- FactCheck.org staff (September 8, 2008). "Sliming Palin: False Internet claims and rumors fly about McCain's running mate". FactCheck.org. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- Palin, Sarah (December 22, 2009). "Midnight Votes, Backroom Deals, and a Death Panel". Sarah's Notes. Facebook. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Palin, Sarah (November 13, 2010). "An Open Letter to Republican Freshmen Members of Congress". Sarah Palin's Notes. Facebook. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- Condon, Stephanie (March 22, 2010). "Palin: Health Care Vote a 'Clarion Call' to Action". Political Hotsheet (CBS News). Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- "Sarah Palin on Civil Rights". OnTheIssues.org. November 25, 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Gibson, Charles (September 13, 2008). "Full Excerpts: Charlie Gibson Interviews GOP Vice Presidential Candidate Sarah Palin". ABC News. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- New York Times staff. "Running Mates on the Issues". New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Goldenberg, Suzanne (August 30, 2008). "Meet the Barracuda: anti-abortion, pro-death penalty and gun-lover". London: Guardian (UK). Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Montopoli, Brian. Sarah Palin Calls Marijuana "Minimal Problem". CBS News. 2010-06-17. Retrieved 2011-11-24.
- Mehta, Seema (September 6, 2008). "GOP ticket split over condom use: While running for state office, Palin said their use ought to be discussed in schools. McCain disagrees.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- Kizzia, Tom (October 27, 2006). "'Creation science' enters the race: Governor: Palin is only candidate to suggest it should be discussed in schools". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved May 29, 2010. "the discussion of alternative views should be allowed to arise in Alaska classrooms: 'I don't think there should be a prohibition against debate if it comes up in class. It doesn't have to be part of the curriculum. Palin added that, if elected, she would not push the state Board of Education to add such creation-based alternatives to the state's required curriculum."
- Couric, Katie (September 30, 2008). "Palin Opens Up On Controversial Issues: VP Candidate Speaks Frankly With Katie Couric About Feminism, Homosexuality, Abortion And The Environment". CBSNews.com. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Gibson, Charles (September 13, 2008). "Full Excerpts: Charlie Gibson Interviews GOP Vice Presidential Candidate Sarah Palin". ABC News. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Braiker, Brian (August 29, 2008). "On the Hunt: Sarah Palin, a moose-hunting, lifetime NRA member guns for D.C.". Newsweek. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Kudlow, Larry (June 26, 2008). "Drill, Drill, Drill: My Interview with Alaska Governor Sarah Palin". Money & Politics (CNBC). Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Weigel, David (April 30, 2010). "Palin on oil spill: 'No human endeavor is ever without risk'". Right Now. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Kraske, Steve (May 1, 2010). "Key to U.S. prosperity is energy security, Palin says during speech in Independence". The Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Politico, June 26, 2010, Sarah Palin praises column linking Obama, Hitler
- Coppock, Mike (August 29, 2008). "Palin Speaks to Newsmax About McCain, Abortion, Climate Change". Newsmax. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Goldman, Russell (September 11, 2008). "Palin Takes Hard Line on National Security, Softens Stance on Global Warming publisher = ABC News". Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Murphy, Kim (2009-04-15). "Palin sees gas drilling as step to curb global warming". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
- "Sarah Palin tells AIPAC she's pro-Israel". Jewish Journal. September 2, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
- Palin expresses support for Israel by Yitzhak Benhorin, Ynetnews.com, September 3, 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- Transcript (February 7, 2010). "Sarah Palin on Fox News Sunday". PoliticsDaily.com. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Sullivan, Andrew (August 29, 2008). "Palin on Iraq". The Daily Dish (The Atlantic). Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Gourevitch, Philip (September 8, 2008). "Palin on Obama". Butting Heads (The New Yorker). Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Rutenberg, Jim (September 11, 2008). "In First Big Interview, Palin Says, ‘I’m Ready’". The New York Times. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Kessler, Glenn (September 11, 2008). "War with Russia? Palin Talks Foreign Policy with ABC". TheTrail: A Daily Diary of Campaign 2008 (The Washington Post). Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- Nugent, Ted (April 29, 2010). "Leaders: Sarah Palin". The 2010 TIME 100 (Time Magazine). Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Page, Susan (August 30, 2008). "Poll: Voters uncertain on Palin". USA Today. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Weiss, Joanna (September 5, 2008). "McCain takes stage, turns down heat". The Boston Globe. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Harris, John F.; Frerking, Beth (September 3, 2008). "Clinton aides: Palin treatment sexist". Politico. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Frum, David (August 29, 2008). "Palin". National Review Online. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Will, George (November 3, 2008). "Impulse, Meet Experience". Washington Post. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Collins, Britt (September 17, 2008). "Sarah Palin: The ice queen; Sarah Palin, the Republican party's vice-president nominee, governs an oil-rich area that has seen some of the most dramatic effects of climate change. So what's her record on environmental concerns?". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- "Palin Still Viewed More Favorably – And Unfavorably – Than Biden". Rasmussen Reports. September 24, 2008.
- "45% Say Biden Won Debate, 37% Say Palin". Rasmussen Reports. 2008-10-04. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Stoddard, Ed; Yereth Rosen (September 12, 2008). "Is Palin foe of big oil or a new Cheney?". Reuters. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Nichols, Jon (August 30, 2008). "Clinton Praises Palin Pick". Blogs, The Beat. The Nation. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Dimond, Anna (December 1, 2008). "Barbara Walters Gets Up Close with 2008's Most Fascinating People". TV Guide. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- "Political Insiders Split Over Palin's 'Crosshairs'". The Atlantic. 12 January 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Reynolds, Glenn (10 January 2011). "The Arizona Tragedy and the Politics of Blood Libel". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Oliphant, James (13 January 2011). "Sarah Palin video on Giffords aftermath stays true to who Palin is". Los Angeles Times.
- Kurtz, Howard (12 January 2011). "Palin Goes Nuclear With 'Blood Libel' Speech". TheDailyBeast.com. RTST, Inc. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
- Boteach, Shmuley (14 January 2011). "Sarah Palin Is Right About 'Blood Libel'". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Balz, Dan; Cohen, Jon (2011-01-18). "Poll shows high marks for Obama on Tucson, low regard for political dialogue". PostPolitics (Washington Post). Retrieved 2011-01-18.
- Whittington, Mark (17 January 2011). "Poll: Palin Helped Herself with Facebook 'Blood Libel' Speech". Yahoo Voices. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Palin, Sarah. (2009) Going Rogue. p. 51
- Thompson, Derek (September 4, 2008). "The Sarah Palin FAQ: Everything you ever wanted to know about the Republican vice presidential nominee". Slate. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Sobieraj Westfall, Sandra (June 1, 2009). "Bristol Palin 'My Life Comes Second Now'". Archive. People. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- New York Times staff. "Times Topics, People, Sarah Palin". Biography. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Quinn, Steve and Calvin Woodward (August 30, 2008). "McCain makes history with choice of running mate". Juneau, Alaska: USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Demer, Lisa (April 21, 2008). "Palin confirms baby has Down syndrome". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Benet, Lorenzo (December 29, 2008). "Bristol Palin Welcomes a Son". People Magazine. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- "Sarah Palin’s A Grandma, Again!". Radar Online. 2011-08-08. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- Miller, Marjorie (September 7, 2008). "New frontier in campaign spouses: Alaska's 'first dude' Todd Palin is a moose hunter, snowmobile racer, oil worker, union man and hockey dad". LOs Angeles Times. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Newton-Small, Jay (August 29, 2008). "Transcript: Time's interview with Sarah Palin". Time. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- "About us". Wasilla Assembly of God. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- "Our Statement Concerning Governor Palin". Wasilla Assembly of God. August 30, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Miller, Lisa; Coyne, Amanda (September 2, 2008). "A Visit to Palin’s Church: Scripture and discretion on the program in Wasilla". Newsweek. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- "Statement Concerning Sarah Palin". Juneau Christian Center. September 3, 2008. Archived from the original on Feb 14, 2010. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
|Find more about Sarah Palin at Wikipedia's sister projects|
|Media from Commons|
|Quotations from Wikiquote|
|Look up Palinista, Palinism, or refudiate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- SarahPAC (Sarah Palin Political Action Committee) (Official)
- Sarah Palin on Facebook (Official)
- Sarah Palin on Twitter (Official)
- Sarah Palin's channel on YouTube