Sarajevo International Airport
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2014)|
|Sarajevo International Airport
Međunarodni aerodrom Sarajevo
Međunarodna zračna luka Sarajevo
Међународни аеродром Сарајево
|IATA: SJJ – ICAO: LQSA|
|Operator||Bosnia and Herzegovina Directorate of Civil Aviation (BHDCA)|
Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Hub for||B&H Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||1,708 ft / 521 m|
Sarajevo International Airport (IATA: SJJ, ICAO: LQSA), also known as Butmir Airport, is the main international airport in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located 3.3 NM (6.1 km; 3.8 mi) southwest of the railway station in the capital city of Sarajevo in the suburb of Butmir. In 2006, 466,186 passengers traveled through the airport, compared to 25,000 in 1996. It serves as the home base for B&H Airlines.
First regular flights to Sarajevo using an airfield in the suburb of Butmir begin in 1930 when the domestic airliner Aeroput opened a regular route linking Belgrade to Podgorica through Sarajevo. A year later Aeroput opened a new route which linked Belgrade and Zagreb going through Sarajevo, Split and Rijeka. In 1935 Aeroput operated three times weekly the non-stop route Belgrade – Sarajevo, which was extended to Dubrovnik a year later. In 1937 Aeroput included regular flghts linking Sarajevo to Zagreb, and 1938 was the year when first international flights were introduced when Aeroput extended the route Dubrovnik – Sarajevo – Zagreb to Vienna, Brno and Prague.
The airfield in Butmir remained in use all the way until 1969. The need for a new airport in Sarajevo, with an asphalt-concrete runway, was acknowledged in the mid-1960s when JAT, Yugoslav national carrier at that time, began acquiring jet planes. The construction of the airport began in 1966 at its present location, not far from the old one.
Sarajevo Airport opened on 2 June 1969 for domestic traffic. In 1970 Frankfurt became the first international destination served. Most of the time the airport was a 'feeder' airport where passengers embarked for flights to Zagreb and Belgrade on their way to international destinations. Over time the traffic volume steadily grew from 70,000 to 600,000 passengers a year. The first renovation came for the 1984 Winter Olympic Games, when the runway was extended by 200 meters, the navigation system was improved, and a new terminal building was built, designed for 1 million passengers a year.
At the beginning of the Bosnian War the airport was put under control of Yugoslav federal army (JNA). When the regular flights were stopped the JNA evacuated some 30,000 people, mostly women and children, who were fleeing clashes in Sarajevo; the first humanitarian aid from the US and France arrived in this period too. After JNA left, the airport was for a while under control of Bosnian Serb forces and in June 1992 they handed over the airport to the UN to use it for humanitarian purposes (UN Security Council Resolution 757). In the biggest humanitarian operation in history of the UN that followed, during the Bosnian war, some 13,000 flights were carried out and over 160,000 tons of international humanitarian aid was delivered to the besieged city of Sarajevo.
The airport re-opened to civilian air traffic on 16 August 1996 and has since been renovated and slowly returned to its former glory. Since the Dayton Accord in 1996, the airport has welcomed a thriving commercial flight business which includes B&H Airlines, Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa, Jat Airways, Croatia Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Germanwings and others.
Development since the 2000s
On 18 October 2005, Paddy Ashdown, the High Representative of Bosnia and Herzegovina, suspended a decision by Bosnian authorities to name the airport after Alija Izetbegović, the first President of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The High Representative stated that such a renaming might undermine the reconciliation process by alienating non-Bosniak citizens. Also in 2005, the European branch of the Airports Council International awarded Sarajevo the award of Best Airport Under 1 Million Passengers.
In 2013 Sarajevo International Airport had 665.638 passengers which is more than all of the other airports in Bosnia-Herzegovina had together and a 14.7% increase from 2012, this is the highest number of passengers per year since the reopening of the airport.
Extension of the passenger terminal, together with upgrading and expanding the taxiway and apron is planned.The EBRD is supporting the modernization of Sarajevo International Airport with a €25 million loan to expand the airport’s infrastructure and help it address capacity constraints. The loan is extended directly to Sarajevo International Airport and is guaranteed by the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The existing terminal will be expanded with 7,000 square metres (75,000 sq ft). The upgraded airport will also be directly connected to the commercial retail center Sarajevo Airport Center making it easy for tourist and travellers to use the time before the flight for some last minute shopping. The work on preparing the space for the expansion of the arrival gate on the ground floor of Terminal B should begin in 2015, the construction of rapid exit taxiways should take place in 2016, and 2017 should be the year in which airport will enter into the reconstruction of the runway, the airstrip and the maneuvering areas.
Airlines and destinations
operated by Tyrolean Airways
|Bosnian Wand Airlines
operated by Hermes Airlines
|Amsterdam, Athens, Frankfurt, Malmö, Stockholm-Arlanda|
|B&H Airlines||Banja Luka, Belgrade, Copenhagen, Zurich
Seasonal charter: Bodrum
|Corendon Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya|
|Germanwings||Berlin-Tegel (ends 28 March 2015), Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart|
|Gryphon Airlines||Seasonal charter: Kuwait|
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
|Middle East Airlines||Seasonal: Beirut|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zurich (begins 1 May 2015)|
|Year/Month||January||February||March||April||May||June||July||August||September||October||November||December||Year total||% Change|
|Istanbul||Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport||
|Belgrade||Nikola Tesla Airport||
Accidents and incidents
- 23 December 2001: A Crossair Avro RJ, registration HB-IXH, skidded 100 meters off the runway when it tried to land at Sarajevo airport under snowy conditions. Nobody was injured in the accident, nor was there any damage. By next Monday afternoon, the aircraft had been recovered and was parked on the apron. The French Air Detachment (DETAIR) and local aeronautical authorities have opened an investigation to determine the cause of the accident. It was snowing on the afternoon of 23 Dec.. The airport snow plough had just cleared the runway, a 20-minute job, when an HB-IXH from Zurich requested authorization to land." In those circumstances, the air traffic controller cannot give authorization. He only informs the pilot and the pilot is the one who has the responsibility to take the decision to land," said Maj. Olivier Mrowiki, air deputy commander. "The pilot (captain) decided to land and began the IFR approach procedure. The maneuver was correct and the touch down (landing) was perfect. The problem arose when the aircraft did not stop on the runway and went beyond it and stopped just in front of the ILS (instrumental landing system) antennas more than 100 meters beyond the end of the runway,"
- 31 December 1994: Belair cargo plane Ilyushin 76TD, registration EW-76836 was operating flight from Luxembourg to Sarajevo on behalf of the United Nations. At the time of landing Sarajevo airport runway was flooded and the aircraft overran runway and struck a ditch with the nose gear. There were no fatalities in crash-landing but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
- 18 January 1977: Džemal Bijedić and his wife were among the eight people killed when their Learjet 25 crashed on the Inač mountain near Kreševo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The plane took off from Batajnica Air Base in Belgrade and was en route to Sarajevo when it crashed, ostensibly due to poor weather conditions. Conspiracy theorists have suggested that the crash was not an accident but rather the result of foul play at the hands of his Serbian rivals.
- EAD Basic
- Statistic data for Sarajevo Airport
- Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput (1927–1948) at europeanairlines.n
- Aeroput, the First Airline that Landed in Sarajevo at sarajevotimes.com, 21-4-2014, retrieved 19-7-2014
- High Representative Suspends Decision Renaming Sarajevo International Airport
- Excellence in airport operations: 1st ACI Europe Best Airport Awards, 29 June 2005.
Media related to Sarajevo International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Sarajevo International Airport upgrade 2010
- Current weather for LQSA at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for SJJ at Aviation Safety Network