Trams in Sarajevo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sarajevo Tramway)
Jump to: navigation, search
Sarajevo tramway network
Sarajevo tram.jpg
Overview
Locale Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Transit type Tram
Number of lines 7[1]
Number of stations 28[citation needed]
Website www.gras.ba
Operation
Began operation
  • 1885 (horse tram)[1]
  • 1895 (electric tram)
Operator(s) KJKP GRAS Sarajevo
Number of vehicles 95[1]
Technical
System length 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Old gauge 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in) Bosnian gauge until 1960
Minimum radius of curvature (?)
System map

Sarajevo tramway network map.svg


Sarajevo Tramway in 1901

The Sarajevo tram network is one of Europe's oldest, having originally served as the test line for Vienna's trams.[2] As of 2010, the Sarajevo tram system consists of seven lines,[1][3] primarily running along a single track route. The system is 22.9 kilometres (14.2 mi) long;[1][3] this includes a 0.4 kilometres (0.25 mi)-long branch to the city's railway station (Željeznička Stanica).[citation needed] It primarily serves as an east-west link from the city centre district (Baščaršija) to the suburb Ilidža.[citation needed]

The system is run by JKP GRAS Sarajevo, who also operate trolleybus and bus routes in the city.

History[edit]

Opened on New Years Day in 1885,[citation needed] the Sarajevo tramway was the testing line for the tram in Vienna and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and operated by horses.[2] Originally built to 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in) Bosnian gauge, the present system was upgraded to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge in 1960. The trams played a pivotal role in the growth of the city in the 20th century.

During the Siege of Sarajevo in the mid 1990s, trackwork and numerous vehicles were badly damaged - these are once again operational though marks remain on some vehicles.

System[edit]

The route lies on the main boulevard of Sarajevo, which is named (from west to east) first Bulevar Meše Selimovića (formerly 6 Proleterske Brigade), from Vila Čengić then Zmaj od Bosne (formerly Vojvode Radomira Putnika). From the district Marijin Dvor it runs a loop in a counter-clockwise direction along the Miljacka river on the street called Obala Kulina bana (formerly: Obala Vojvode Stepe Stepanovića). It proceeds to the terminus Baščaršija. The route then turns back towards Marijin Dvor on the northern parallel road Maršala Tita.

Seven routes are presently in operation on the system, often only a specific section of the track (only route 3 operates the entire length).

  • Route 1: Željeznička stanica – Baščaršija
  • Route 2: Čengić Vila – Baščaršija
  • Route 3: Ilidža – Baščaršija
  • Route 4: Ilidža – Željeznička stanica
  • Route 5: Nedžarići – Baščaršija
  • Route 6: Ilidža – Skenderija
  • Route 7: Nedžarići – Skenderija

Rolling stock[edit]

The fleet in use on the network are Tatra K2 articulated trams from the Czech Republic, delivered in the 1970s and early 1980s. Later these trams have been joined by more modern vehicles in recent times. In 2008, Amsterdam donated 16 old trams to Sarajevo.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Tramvaj" [Tramway] (in Croatian). KJKP GRAS d.d. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  2. ^ a b "Virtual City of Saravejo". Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  3. ^ a b "JKP Gras". JKP GRAS. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]