Sarakhs

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This article is about the city in Iran. For the twin town across the border in Turkmenistan, see Serakhs. For the administrative subdivisions of Iran, see Sarakhs County and Sarakhs Rural District.
Sarakhs
سرخس
City
Sarakhs is located in Iran
Sarakhs
Sarakhs
Coordinates: 36°32′42″N 61°09′28″E / 36.54500°N 61.15778°E / 36.54500; 61.15778Coordinates: 36°32′42″N 61°09′28″E / 36.54500°N 61.15778°E / 36.54500; 61.15778
Country  Iran
Province Razavi Khorasan
County Sarakhs
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 33,571
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Sarakhs at GEOnet Names Server

Sarakhs (Persian: سرخس‎, also Romanized as Serakhs)[1] is a city in and capital of Sarakhs County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. Sarakhs was once a stopping point along the Silk Road, and in its 11th century heyday had many libraries and a famous school of architects. Much of the original city site is now just across the border at Serakhs in Turkmenistan. According to the most recent national census, in 2006, the city's population was 33,571 in 8,066 families.[2]

History[edit]

Main article: Battle of Sarakhs
Loghman Baba mausoleum, Sarakhs, built in 1356 and recently partially restored.

Several battles were fought in this area. According to Ferdowsi's Shahnameh the town has existed since the Afrasiab period and was named for its builder, Sarakhs, son of Godarz, by Keykavus. Turkmen historians consider the city to have been founded over 2500 years ago.[3] The Mongols plundered and destroyed Sarakhs in 1220, but it was rebuilt in the mid-19th century by the order of Nasser-al-Din Shah of the Qajar dynasty. For its first 50 years or so, this resurrected city was thus known as known Nasser's Sarakhs (in Persian:Sarakhs-e Nasseri, Saraxse Nāseri) and was a principally feudal town.

Geography[edit]

Sarakhs' weather is cold in winter, warm and dry in summer thanks to the influence of the Gharaghoroom Desert.

Landmarks[edit]

The main historical site of Sarakhs is the partly restored Loghman Baba mausoleum in a field just north of the town. It was built in 1356AD (757AH).

In Sarakhs district within 80 km of Sarakhs town are:

Transport[edit]

More than a century after the early proposals of a cross-border railway at this location,[4] the railways of Iran and Turkmenistan were finally linked here in 1996. A bogie exchange is needed to overcome a break of gauge. This will be supplemented with a quicker SUW 2000 variable gauge axles track gauge changing facility (TSR).[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sarakhs can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3082496" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ Bradt Guide to Turkmenistan, 1st edition, page 131
  4. ^ TO INDIA IN ELEVEN DAYS.; RUSSIA'S TRANSCASPIAN RAILWAY AND THE TIME NECESSARY TO COMPLETE IT., The New York Times, May 3, 1885