Saran district

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Saran district
सारण ज़िला
District of Bihar
Location of Saran district in Bihar
Location of Saran district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Saran
Headquarters Chhapra
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Saran, Maharajganj
 • Assembly seats Ekma, Manjhi, Baniapur, Taraiya, Marhaura, Chapra, Garkha, Amnour, Parsa, Sonepur
 • Total 2,641 km2 (1,020 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,943,098
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Literacy 72.57 per cent
 • Sex ratio 949
Major highways NH 28B, NH 85, NH 101, NH 102, NH 19
Website Official website

Saran District is one of the thirty-seven districts of Bihar state, India. The district, part of Saran Division, is also known as Chhapra district after the headquarters of the district - Chhapra. Hathwa Raj was a zamindar in the Saran Division of Bihar belonging to Bhumihar Brahmins, which encompassed 1,365 villages, was inhabited by more than 391,000 people, and produced an annual rental of almost a million rupees.[1]


Saran district occupies an area of 2,641 square kilometres (1,020 sq mi),[2] equivalent to Drenthe province in the Netherlands.


It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]


According to the 2011 census Saran district has a population of 3,943,098,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[5] or the US state of Oregon.[6] This gives it a ranking of 60th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 1,493 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,870/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.37%.[4] Saran has a sex ratio of 949 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 68.57%.[4]

  • Population: Total: 2572980 Rural: 2338624 Urban: 234356
  • S.C. Population: Total: 301306 Rural: 277217 Urban: 24089
  • S.T. Population: Total: 3231 Rural: 2945 Urban: 286


Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Bihari language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[7]


Sub Divisions[edit]

Saran District comprises three Sub-divisions:

  • Blocks: Chapra, Manjhi, Dighwara, Rivilganj, Parsa, Baniapur, Amnaur, Taraiya, Sonepur, Garkha, Ekma, Dariyapur, Jalalpur, Marhaura, Masarakh, Maker, Nagra, Panapur, Eisuapur, Lahladpur, Jantabazar


  • Pragtisheel Yuva Kendra Bahadurpur,Mashrak


Notable personalities[edit]


  1. ^ Yang, Anand A. (1999). Bazaar India: Markets, Society, and the Colonial State in Bihar. University of California Press. pp. 305 (at page 69). ISBN 978-0-520-21100-1. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oregon 3,831,074 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°55′N 84°45′E / 25.917°N 84.750°E / 25.917; 84.750