Sarapul

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For the main-belt asteroid, see 26851 Sarapul.
Sarapul (English)
Сарапул (Russian)
Сарапул (Udmurt)
-  City  -
Sarapul - Sedelnikov street.jpg
Sedelnikova Street in Sarapul
Map of Russia - Udmurt Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Udmurt Republic in Russia
Sarapul is located in Udmurt Republic
Sarapul
Sarapul
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Sarapul in the Udmurt Republic
Coordinates: 56°28′N 53°48′E / 56.467°N 53.800°E / 56.467; 53.800Coordinates: 56°28′N 53°48′E / 56.467°N 53.800°E / 56.467; 53.800
Coat of Arms of Sarapul (Udmurtia) (1781).png
Flag of Sarapul.jpg
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of March 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Udmurt Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of republic significance of Sarapul[1]
Administrative center of city of republic significance of Sarapul[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2004)
Urban okrug Sarapul Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Sarapul Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 101,381 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 161st
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned 1596[citation needed]
City status since 1780[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 427960–427962, 427964–427968, 427970–427972, 427974, 427979
Dialing code(s) +7 34147[citation needed]
Sarapul on WikiCommons

Sarapul (Russian: Сара́пул) is a city and a river port in the Udmurt Republic, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kama River, 66 kilometers (41 mi) southeast of Izhevsk, the capital of the republic. Population: 101,381 (2010 Census);[3] 103,141 (2002 Census);[7] 110,381 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

Sarapul is one of the oldest cities of the Kama region. It was first mentioned in a 1596 population audit book as the village (selo) of Voznesenskoye (Вознесе́нское), also known as Sarapul:[citation needed] in Kazansky Uyezd in the upper Kama River ... in Sarapul and Siva people fish. Apparently, here "Sarapul" is the name of a section of the river, as well as the entire area along its shores. It is believed that the name of this area comes from the word "сарапуль" (sarapul) which in Chuvash means "yellow fish", or sturgeon, which was in abundance here. Later, however, other versions of the origin of the name were considered. In particular, one of them says that the word "sarapul" formed by the merger of two words: "Sarah", which is one of the Siberian dialect means "money" and "pul" - small copper coin, and means "place of money".

It was chartered in 1780[5] and by the end of the 18th century it grew into a merchant town with developed industry of footwear manufacturing.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of republic significance of Sarapul—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Sarapul is incorporated as Sarapul Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Currently, Sarapul is the second most significant industrial town in the republic after Izhevsk.

Honors[edit]

The asteroid 26851 Sarapul was named in the city's honor on June 1, 2007.[9]

References[edit]

Firefighters Depot and Signal Tower in Sarapul

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #46-RZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #76-RZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b "Sarapul" in The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., 15th edn., 1992, Vol. 10, p. 447.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ NASA

Sources[edit]

  • Государственный Совет Удмуртской Республики. Закон №46-РЗ от 19 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Удмуртской Республики», в ред. Закона №60-РЗ от 12 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Удмуртской Республики». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Известия Удмуртской Республики", №185, 12 декабря 2006 г. (State Council of the Udmurt Republic. Law #46-RZ of October 19, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Udmurt Republic, as amended by the Law #60-RZ of October 12, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Udmurt Republic. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Государственный Совет Удмуртской Республики. Закон №76-РЗ от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границы муниципального образования и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования на территории города Сарапула Удмуртской Республики». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г.. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства Удмуртской Республики", №5, 25 июля 2005 г. (State Council of the Udmurt Republic. Law #76-RZ of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Border of the Municipal Formation and on Granting Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation on the Territory of the City of Sarapul of the Udmurt Republic. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • This article incorporates material from the Russian Wikipedia

External links[edit]