Sarasota County, Florida
|Sarasota County, Florida|
The Sarasota County courthouse in June 2011
Location in the state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
|Founded||14 May 1921|
|Largest city||North Port|
|• Total||725 sq mi (1,878 km2)|
|• Land||556 sq mi (1,440 km2)|
|• Water||169 sq mi (438 km2), 23.4%|
|• Density||683/sq mi (264/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Sarasota County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 379,448. Its county seat is Sarasota, and its largest city is North Port. A majority (over 60%) of Sarasota County's residents live in unincorporated areas outside of its four municipalities.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Education
- 7 Local media
- 8 Communities
- 9 See also
- 10 References
Sarasota County was created in 1921. After acquisition by the United States as a territory and once Florida obtained state status, the area now included in the county had been governed by Hillsborough County, then Manatee County as the state was divided into smaller and smaller governmental organizations. Manatee County was carved up to allow the creation of three more counties as well.
Although the name was associated with the area from the beginning of European contacts the origin of the name, Sarasota, is unknown. Some believe a fanciful story created for a popular early twentieth-century pageant held in Sarasota, that it was named after the daughter of famous explorer Hernando de Soto's daughter Sara.
According to the Florida League of Cities FLC, the name first appeared in print as "Zarazote" on a 1763 land grant map.
Joseph Daniel Anderson was one of the pioneers of the Sarasota area. He established his homestead in the Forked Creek area in 1886 and became an early leader in what now is southern Sarasota County (having been Manatee County from 1855 until 1921).
The following is a transcript from a Sarasota County historical marker that was erected in a park dedicated to Anderson on Manasota Key.
- "After the Civil War, many Georgians moved their families to Southern Florida. Joseph Daniel "Jody" Anderson, born in Georgia in 1867, was a child when his father moved to the Tampa/Sara Sota area. In 1884, Joseph became the head of the Anderson family. Two years later, he moved his family to Southern Manatee County. He homesteaded the land in the Mystic River (Forked Creek) Valley. In 1890 he married Helen Alice Johnson of Sarasota. They had eleven children. Eight survived.
- With only hand tools, Anderson converted the Florida wilderness into an agricultural industry. This fertile land produced vegetables, sugar cane and citrus. In the vast Myakka/Pinedale area, he raised his cattle and swine. He and brother Moses "Lee" prospered in ranching until the Range Law Act curtailed the right to use this land for grazing.
- Sleds (later wagons) were used to move the farm produce, fruit and cattle to Lemon Bay where they were transferred to draft boats and transported to ships at Boca Grande. Some of the wagons were rafted across the bay to Manasota Beach where the produce was ferried to Cuban smacks and later to American schooners.
- Anderson pioneered commercial fishing in North Lemon Bay which teemed with schools of mullet and other fish. The Andersons fished with nets made of cotton and flax twine over which they poured a heavy lime solution to prevent rot. Their base of operation included land storage facilities on the shore and on the beach (Manasota) to salt, dry and pack the fish in barrels. Upon the arrival of run boats with ice from Tampa, the Andersons could ship fresh fish and produce.
- Joseph Daniel "Jody" Anderson was a quiet family man who never sought publicity. However, before Sarasota County was organized, he served as deputy sheriff and game warden in the Pinedale/Manasota area. The Anderson family built the area's first school (Pinedale) of which Jody was trustee. He also organized the first church in the area. Anderson actively supported the creation of Sarasota County from Manatee County and in 1922, became the first elected county commissioner from District 4. After the death of his first wife, he married Mary Ethel Morgan with whom he raised four more children. Joseph Daniel Anderson died in 1939."
Parks and preserves
In addition to local parks there are several preserve areas including:
- Bayonne Parcel
- Circus Hammock
- Curry Creek Preserve
- Deer Prairie Creek
- Jelks Preserve
- Manasota Scrub Preserve
- Myakka Islands Point
- Old Miakka Preserve
- Pinelands Reserve
- Pocono Trail Preserve
- Red Bug Slough
- Sleeping Turtles South
- Sleeping Turtles North
- South Lemon Bay Preserve
- T. Mabry Carlton Reserve
Government and politics
Sarasota County is governed by a five-member county commission. Each commissioner serves a four-year term and resides in and represent a single district, but is elected countywide.
The county's politics are dominated by the Republican Party; Franklin D. Roosevelt was the last Democratic presidential candidate to win the county (in 1944) and Republicans have historically dominated the county commission and other countywide elected positions.
The Sarasota County Fire Department (SCFD) provides fire services to the City of Sarasota and all unincorporated areas of the county with the exception of areas covered by the Nokomis and Englewood fire districts. Additionally, SCFD provides EMS service to the City of Sarasota, all unincorporated areas of the county (including areas covered by the Nokomis and Englewood fire districts) plus the city of Venice.
The Sarasota County Sheriff's Office (SSO) is the county's primary law enforcement agency. It is responsible for patrolling the unincorporated areas of the county along with operating the county's jail and providing courtroom security. SSO also operates the county's primary 911 center. The cities of Sarasota, North Port and Venice along with the Town of Longboat Key each have their own police departments. The Florida Highway Patrol is responsible for patrolling Interstate 75 and investigating motor vehicle accidents that occur in unincorporated areas.
Three specialist law enforcement agencies have jurisdiction in the county: the Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport Police Department, the New College/USF Sarasota-Manatee Campus Police Department and the Seminole Gulf Railway Police Department. Each agency has jurisdiction in neighboring Manatee County as well; each agency's properties extend into that county.
- Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport, in both Manatee County (runway) and Sarasota County (terminal).
- Venice Municipal Airport, a general aviation airport in Venice.
- Hidden River Airport, a private airport in the eastern part of the county.
- Buchan Airport, in Englewood.
Major highways and state roads
- Interstate 75- North-south limited-access freeway, and has ten interchanges within Sarasota County. Major north-south highway in Sarasota County. It is the high-speed connection with other cities such as Tampa, Florida and Fort Myers, Florida. Interstate 75 heads east in Southern Sarasota County through North Port, Florida to cross Charlotte Harbor at a more manageable length.
- U.S. Highway 41- The main north-south road through the county is known as Tamiami Trail. It was created in the 1920s to connect Tampa with Miami, hence the contracted name. It runs through the county close to the coastline and is not limited-access.
- U.S. Highway 301 - Also runs north-south through the county, at first east of Tamiaimi Trail and later rejoining it (it separates from 41 north of the county line).
- State Road 789
- State Road 758
- State Road 780
- State Road 776
- State Road 72
- State Road 681
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- Sarasota County Area Transit (SCAT) provides public transportation for Sarasota County, Florida. SCAT is operated by Sarasota County. It maintains 19 fixed-line bus routes plus a dial-a-ride paratransit service (SCAT Plus). 
As of the census of 2000, there were 325,957 people, 149,937 households, and 94,460 families residing in the county. The population density was 570 people per square mile (220/km2). There were 182,467 housing units at an average density of 319 per square mile (123/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.65% White, 4.18% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 4.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 89.7% spoke only English at home; 4.4% spoke Spanish, 1.3% German, and 1.0% French at home.
Census Estimates for 2005 show the county population as being 87.5% non-Hispanic whites, 6.3% Latinos, 4.5% African-American and 1.1% Asian.
In 2000 there were 149,957 households out of which 18.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.00% were non-families. 30.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.61.
In the county the age distribution was as follows: 16.20% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 21.70% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 31.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 90.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,957, and the median income for a family was $50,111. About 5.10% of families and 7.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.
The per capita income for the county was $28,326. Females had a median income of $25,721 versus $32,114 for males.
- Population in Sarasota County as of 2006 had reached 369,535 people.
Primary and secondary education
- Sarasota County Public Schools - Public K-12 School district serving all of Sarasota County
- New College of Florida - Public liberal arts college. Honors college of the state of Florida.
- University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee - Branch campus of USF.
- Ringling College of Art and Design - A private, 4 year, not-for-profit, fully accredited college with concentrations in art and design.
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Museums and Libraries
|Country||United States of America|
Sarasota County Public Library Branches:
- Elsie Quirk Public Library
- Frances T. Bourne Jacaranda Public Library
- Fruitville Public Library
- Gulf Gate Public Library
- North Port Public Library
- North Sarasota Public Library
- The Osprey Public Library at the Historic Spanish Point
- Selby Public Library
- Venice Public Library
Sarasota County residents may obtain library cards for free and valid library cards may be used to check out materials at all nine Sarasota County libraries. Manatee and Charlotte County residents, as well as library users from any of the Tampa Bay Library Consortium libraries may register as reciprocal borrowers and check out materials in Sarasota County. Non-resident cards are available for purchase and offer the same privileges as resident cards.
The library system provides a variety of services which include adult, teen and children’s materials. Computers for public use are available at all nine Sarasota County Libraries and free wireless access in the libraries is provided by the Sarasota County Government. The library system has licensing to OverDrive, Inc. and Freegal Music. Ask a Librarian, the on-line Florida librarian reference system is available through the Sarasota County Public Library System. Sarasota County residents have access to the Pinellas Talking Book Library as well as a Books-by-Mail service. The Selby Public Library has been a selective depository in the Federal Depository Library Program and receives almost 50% of the government publications distributed through the program. 
The Little Free Library program was introduced to Sarasota County in 2014 as the result of a collaborative effort between the Libraries and Historical Resources department, the Parks, Recreation and Natural Resources department and the UF/IFAS Sarasota County Extension and Sustainability department. The Sarasota County Little Free Libraries have been placed at six different county parks and recreation centers.
The first library, which was established in 1907 by the Sarasota Town Improvement Society. County libraries have been established in response to community demands and needs.
The first libraries were autonomous with the Head Librarians reporting directly to the County Administrator. Sarasota Public Library was managed by Betty Service, the Englewood library by Harriet Ives, and Venice by Jean McGuire. Joan Hopkins directed and coordinated library services for the rapidly growing population. She directed the establishment of Gulf Gate Public Library, North Port Public Library, Frances T. Bourne Jacaranda Public Library and the new downtown Sarasota library, and laid the groundwork for building future libraries in the county.
- Herald Tribune - Also known as the Sarasota Herald Tribune. Primarily serves Sarasota County for news, but also serves Manatee, Charlotte and DeSoto counties. Circulation is 110,817 daily and 132,185 on Sunday (2005 averages). Also operates an online news portal, HeraldTribune.com
- Venice Gondolier Sun - Website and archives within the Florida Digital Newspaper Library
- North Port Sun - an edition of the Charlotte Sun newspapers
- Pelican Press - Website
- The Observer Newspapers - Three editions : Longboat Key, Sarasota, East County Website
- The Sarasota News Leader - online weekly news portal
- WWSB - A local ABC affiliate based in Sarasota
- WSNN-LD - Local twenty-four hour news station based in Sarasota
- Various government and local access channels. Access 19 (Local Government channel), Education Channel (School Board) and BLAB TV (local programming)
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- National Register of Historic Places listings in Sarasota County, Florida
- Sarasota National Cemetery
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- 2013 county population figures from State & County QuickFacts: Sarasota County, Florida minus the population of incorporated municipalities.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Sarasota County Commission: Caragiulo and Maio win primaries". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 2014-11-27.
- "Sarasota and Manatee wallets open for president's campaign". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 2014-11-27.
- "Longtime resident, businessman Alan Maio seeks County Commission seat". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 2014-11-27.
- "Fire Department". Sarasota County government. Retrieved 2014-11-27.
- Jurisdiction of the Florida Highway Patrol
- "Airport Police". Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport. Retrieved 2014-11-27.
- "Campus Police". New College of Florida. Retrieved 2014-11-27.
- "PALMER RANCH HOLDINGS, LTD., PALMER RANCH HOLDINGS, INC., WYNNSTAY HUNT, INC., AND CHESHIRE HUNT, INC.--ADVERSE ABANDONMENT--SEMINOLE GULF RAILWAY, L.P., IN SARASOTA COUNTY, FLA.". Surface Transportation Board. Retrieved 2014-11-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Census Bureau Home Page
- Census Bureau
- Florida Library History Project, "Sarasota County Library System" (1990). Digital Collection - Florida Studies Center Publications. Paper 96
- HeraldTribune.com - About Us: Fact Sheet - About Us: Fact Sheet - HeraldTribune.com