Saratoga Casino and Raceway
Saratoga Casino and Raceway (formerly Saratoga Gaming and Raceway) is a ½-mile standardbred race track and racino located in Saratoga Springs, New York. Saratoga Casino and Raceway is not to be confused with the historic Saratoga Race Course, whose race track and backstretch stables are across the street from the stables of the raceway.
Saratoga Casino and Raceway has three entrances: A primary entrance on Jefferson Street, where the Saratoga Harness Hall of Fame is located, a secondary entrance on Crescent Avenue, and a third entrance on Nelson Avenue, just north of its intersection with Crescent Avenue. The Casino and Raceway is located on the southeastern tip of Saratoga Springs. First opened in 1941 as a harness racing track, the facility was expanded in 2004 to include video lottery gaming terminals, or VLT as they are officially called.
The track is a ½-mile oval, where horses do two laps to complete the commonly-used 1-mile (1.6 km) distance used in U.S. standardbred races. Because of the landscaping present in the infield and the country feel, the track has been dubbed "The most beautiful ½-mile track in the country. For some time, an expansion of the track to a ⅝-mile oval was being discussed, but it never came into fruition, and no further discussion about an expansion to the track's oval has come up in the last 5 years.
Inside, the clubhouse is unchanged and is in use for all wagering when racing is underway on the oval outside. The grandstand has seen several changes, especially in the last 10 years. The second floor houses simulcast wagering, as well as enclosed stands and a restaurant. The first floor houses the over 1,700 video lottery terminals, or VLTs for short. They are mostly in the form of video slots, but other forms of video gaming are present, such as poker, roulette, keno and now craps. Except for the craps and roulette, where the results are random and not based on previous outcomes, the slot machines are such where each play is dependent on the results of lottery scratch play ticket pre-determined by the centralized computer system—which in this case is the New York Lottery. All machines work on a voucher system, where the patron inserts money or a ticket, and all payouts are given in the form of a printed voucher, which may be inserted into another machine or turned into the cashier cage for payment.
The first floor also contains a bar, a food court known as Lucky Joe's, a buffet-style restaurant, and a nightclub
Saratoga Casino and Raceway has been called a few names through its 70 year history. The track, originally dubbed just Saratoga Raceway, was opened in 1941 as a facility for American harness racing and was the third racetrack to have pari-mutuel wagering. According to the history books, the Saratoga harness racing legend was born when two horses named Lady Suffolk (aka The Old Gray Mare) and Moscow were set against each other in a staged race.
During the height of racing, thousands of fans would visit to cheer on the horses. The track would offer grand-circuit racing, attracting some of the biggest names of racing at that day to the half-mile facility. The track was notorious in the early 80's for being where Niatross collapsed and fell on the inner rail on the stretch run home, losing his first race ever. But the advent of off-track betting and the economy led towards sour times for racing at the Raceway. Not wanting to surrender, the management changed the name of Saratoga Raceway to Saratoga Equine Sports Center in the 1990s, to reflect the plans of bringing in more horse-related activities to the facility. But the name change did not bring renewed interest in the sport. During the worst, races from other tracks in the state would have to be simulcast on the track's program in order to bring a nine-race card.
This all started to change in 2001 when New York State officials approved a measure allowing for VLT's to be installed at several race tracks in the state. In early 2002, Saratoga County officials approved the installation of the terminals at Saratoga Raceway. During the 2003 racing season, work was being done to the ground floor of the grandstand, transforming it from the racing facility it was to the gaming floor it is today. As a result, racing patrons watched the horses run from either the clubhouse, or the second floor of the grandstand. On January 28, 2004, Saratoga Raceway became the first racing facility in New York to open the video lottery games to the public, as thousands of patrons came to usher in the new era at the Raceway.
In reflection of the new video lottery games, the Saratoga Equine Sports Center changed its name in 2004 to Saratoga Gaming and Raceway, which would last until the start of 2011, when the facility changed names once more to Saratoga Casino and Raceway, reflecting the plans to introduce electronic table games to the facility and increase the diversity of gaming options at the racino.
The effects of the racino could immediately be found at the racing side of the facility. Purses started to increase dramatically. Prior to the VLTs, horses running in the highest level, the "Winners over $5,000 Lifetime" condition, was competing for approximately $4,500 in purse money. Today, horses running in the highest level, the "Open Handicap", now compete for approximately $16,000 in purse money. Horses who ran for the lowest class offered, a $2,500 claim, ran for $1,100 in purse money. Today, the lowest condition is offered for $3,200.
The racino measure also allowed Saratoga Casino and Raceway to offer the New York Sire Stakes Night of Champions in 2005 and 2006 while Yonkers Raceway was being renovated to allow for video slots. The two nights gave Saratoga Casino & Raceway the highest single-day purse offerings, with over $1 million up for grabs. The New York Sire Stakes Night of Champions will return to the racino for a third time on October 1st, 2011.
Saratoga Casino and Raceway's biggest race of the year is the Joe Gerrity Jr. Pacing Series, which is a four-leg series that takes place in August. The final of the 2011 edition takes place on Saturday, August 20th, and will feature horses racing for $125,000 in purse monies.
In May 2012, the track's parent company, Saratoga Harness Racing, agreed to buy Fitzgeralds Casino in Black Hawk, Colorado for $28 million. The sale closed in January 2013, with plans to spend $40 million on expansion and rename the property as Saratoga Casino Black Hawk.
 Famous horses
Bret Hanover - won the 1965 Battle of Saratoga pace
Niatross - lost for the first time in his career when he fell over the hubrail in the stretch and did not finish - July 5, 1980. Trenton Time went on to win the race in 1:59.3. Niatross was uninjured and raced the following week.
Mack Lobell - won the Breeders Crown for aged trotting horses in a track record setting time of 1:56.0 on August 5, 1988 for driver John Campbell
Nevele Pride - won the 1968 Battle of Saratoga trot for legendary horseman Stanley Dancer
Scenic Regal - Trotting mare who raced often at Saratoga for local horseman Harold Story and went on to earn over $1 million in purses. She was named Trotting Mare of the year 3 years in a row and set a world record for older trotting mares in her 1:58.0 win at Saratoga on August 19, 1987 (still a track record).
Bunny Lake - Millionaire mare and 2001 Horse of the Year was stabled at Saratoga for her trainer. John Stark, Jr. Bunny Lake raced at Saratoga several times and held the all-age track record from 2002 to 2006.
 Notable horsemen
Dan Cappello, Jr. - leading driver at Saratoga for most of the 1990s and 2000s
Kim Crawford - leading driver at Saratoga most of the 1980s
Del Miller - raced at Saratoga Raceway in the early years, and is an inductee into the Saratoga Harness Hall of Fame, which resides on the Jefferson Street side of the property.
J.P. Morel - leading driver at Saratoga in much of the 1970s
Bill O'Donnell - moved to Saratoga in 1979 and set the all-time record for most wins (279) at a single track in a single season. O'Donnell soon moved to The Meadowlands and became one of the leading driver in the harness racing.
John Stark, Jr. - a top driver and trainer based at Saratoga since the mid-1990s, conditioned Horse of the Year Bunny Lake and many other stakes performers
Harold Story - a longtime fixture who drove and trained from the 1950s through the early 1990s. Story is best remembered as the trainer and driver of 3 time Trotting Mare of the Year and Scenic Regal (1987–1989) who earned over a million dollars for Story. Saratoga has named a Stakes series for younger trotters in Story's honor.
On January 28, 2004 Saratoga Equine Sports Center became Saratoga Gaming and Raceway, the first ‘racino’ to open in New York State. The expansion included Vapor, a two-story, Vegas-style night club additional food facilities, and additional slots, bringing the total to over 1,700. The gaming floor offers the industry’s latest game titles such as Wheel of Fortune as well as electronic roulette,
In August 2010, the state, trying to tighten a budget gap, allowed for expanded hours at all the racinos in the state. This allowed a change in hours for the facility, now opening up at 9am and closing at 4am, a 19 hour day.
The addition of the video gaming machines has revitalized the racing at Saratoga Casino & Raceway by providing millions of dollars in additional funds for purses.
The property has 1,700 video lottery games, live harness racing during the months of March to December, simulcast horse racing center (on the mezzanine level), . There are multiple food facilities: an atrium-style food court, a snack and hot dog counter in the Lower Clubhouse (open during live racing only), The Garden Buffet, a track-side restaurant "Fortunes" (open during live racing only), Jackpot’s Deli Counter, The Lodge Restaurant at 1 Nelson Ave. (open during summer months) . There are also 3 bars, and free Live Entertainment at Vapor Night Club
The racino is also known in Saratoga Springs for its Independence Day fireworks display held annually on July 3.
- Precious, Tom (December 13, 2001). "New York Adopts VLT, Casino Legislation". Bloodhorse.com. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- Precious, Tom (January 7, 2002). "VLTs in Saratoga Springs Move Step Closer to Reality". Bloodhorse.com. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- Pankratz, Howard (15 May 2012). "Fitzgeralds Black Hawk sold for $28 million to N.Y. company". Denver Post. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Paul Post (January 30, 2013). "Saratoga Harness buys Colorado casino". The Saratogian. Retrieved 2013-01-31.