Saratoga County, New York

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"Saratoga County" redirects here. For other uses, see Saratoga County, Jefferson Territory.
Saratoga County, New York
Downtown Saratoga Springs.jpg
Seal of Saratoga County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Saratoga County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1791
Seat Ballston Spa
Largest city Saratoga Springs
Area
 • Total 844 sq mi (2,186 km2)
 • Land 812 sq mi (2,103 km2)
 • Water 32 sq mi (83 km2), 3.78%
Population
 • (2010) 219,607
 • Density 269/sq mi (104/km²)
Congressional districts 20th, 21st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.saratogacountyny.gov

Saratoga County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2013 U.S. Census estimate, the county's population was 223,865, representing a 1.9% increase from the 2010 population of 219,607,[1][2] one of the fastest growth rates in the northeastern United States. The county seat is Ballston Spa.[3]

The name of Saratoga County was derived from the Native American word "sah-rah-ka", or "Sarach-togue", meaning "the hill beside the river", referring to the Hudson River bordering the county on its eastern flank. Saratoga County, bisected by the six-lane Adirondack Northway, serves as an outdoor recreational haven and as the gateway to the Adirondack Mountains and State Park for the populations of the Albany and New York City metropolitan areas; Saratoga County is included in the Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is also home to the internationally renowned Saratoga Race Course, one of the oldest venues in horse racing.

Saratoga County lies at the heart of eastern New York State's Tech Valley, a growing center for nanotechnology, semiconductor manufacturing, and other high technology research and development, manufacturing, and venture capital investment. The "Fab 8" campus of GlobalFoundries, a company specializing in the semiconductor industry, is a multibillion US$ venture being developed in Saratoga County.[4]

History[edit]

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Saratoga County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This large county was progressively reduced in size by the separation of several counties until 1791, when Saratoga County as well as Rensselaer County were split off from Albany County.

During the nineteenth century, Saratoga County was an important industrial center. Its location 30 miles north of Albany on the Delaware and Hudson Railway, as well as its proximity to water power from the Hudson River and Kayaderosseras Creek, led to rapid industrial development beginning in 1810. Some of the most important industries were paper mills, tanneries, foundries, and textile mills.[5]

Geography[edit]

Saratoga County is in the northeastern part of New York State, north of Albany, northwest of Troy, and east of Utica.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 844 square miles (2,190 km2), of which 812 square miles (2,100 km2) is land and 32 square miles (83 km2) (3.78%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 24,483
1810 33,147 35.4%
1820 36,052 8.8%
1830 38,679 7.3%
1840 40,553 4.8%
1850 45,646 12.6%
1860 51,729 13.3%
1870 51,529 −0.4%
1880 55,156 7.0%
1890 57,663 4.5%
1900 61,089 5.9%
1910 61,917 1.4%
1920 60,029 −3.0%
1930 63,314 5.5%
1940 65,606 3.6%
1950 74,869 14.1%
1960 89,096 19.0%
1970 121,679 36.6%
1980 153,759 26.4%
1990 181,276 17.9%
2000 200,635 10.7%
2010 219,607 9.5%
Est. 2013 223,865 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 200,635 people, 78,165 households, and 53,699 families residing in the county. The population density was 247 people per square mile (95/km²). There were 86,701 housing units at an average density of 107 per square mile (41/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.98% White, 1.36% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.04% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of Irish, 16.2% Italian, 11.4% German, 10.2% English, 7.2% French, 5.9% Polish and 5.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English and 1.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 78,165 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,460, and the median income for a family was $58,213. Males had a median income of $40,901 versus $29,583 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,945. About 3.80% of families and 5.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.

Since the construction of the Adirondack Northway in the 1960s Saratoga County has consistently been the fastest growing portion of the Capital District and indeed, of upstate New York. In 1960 the county had a population of only 89,000, less than half its current population [9]

Government[edit]

Saratoga County is governed by a Board Of Supervisors, with each town Supervisor acting as the representative from that community. The City of Saratoga Springs elects two Supervisors and the City of Mechanicville elects one supervisor to sit on the Board of Supervisors, but have no power on their respective city. The Town of Clifton Park also elects two Supervisors, one being the elected Town Supervisor, and one having only County duties. Voting is by weighted vote of each of the communities based on population, which is the reason why Saratoga Springs and Clifton Park, the two largest communities in Saratoga County, elect two Supervisors. The political makeup of the 2012-2013 Board consists of nineteen Republicans, three Democrats, and one Independence Party member. Republicans hold the county-wide offices of Sheriff, District Attorney, County Clerk, Treasurer, and Judges of the County, Family, and the Surrogate Courts.

Saratoga County has been a Republican-leaning county in most major elections. George W. Bush won the county narrowly in 2004 with 53% of the vote, while Barack Obama slightly edged out John McCain in 2008, receiving 51% of the vote countywide becoming the first Democrat to win Saratoga County since 1996. The majority of the county is represented in Congress by Republican Chris Gibson, with the exception being the town of Waterford, which is represented by Democrat Paul Tonko.

In the State Senate, the county is divided between Republicans Roy McDonald and Hugh Farley, while in the State Assembly Democrats Ronald Canestrari and Robert Reilly, along with Republicans James Tedisco, Teresa Sayward, and Tony Jordan each represent portions of the county.

James A. Murphy III, a Republican, is the District Attorney.

Sheriff James A. Bowen is the dean of NYS Sheriffs, having served as Sheriff since 1972, when he was appointed by Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller. Bowen won election in own right in 1973, and his been elected every four years since winning his tenth four year term in the 2009 General Election

Democratic strength is best shown in the City of Saratoga Springs, which has voted Democratic in every presidential election since 1988. Republican strength is concentrated in the western part of the county, which is mostly rural or exurban. In 2005, the Democrats gained a majority on the Saratoga Springs City Council after decades of Republican dominance. The Republicans, however, reclaimed the council majority in the 2007 General Elections due to a split Democratic Party in the mayor's race. In 2009, the Republicans reclaimed their supermajority (4-1) on the City Council, by winning every contested election (Mayor, Finance, Public Safety, and Public Works). In 2011, Democrats reclaimed the Majority on the City Council, while Republican Scott Johnson was reelected as Mayor. At the Saratoga County Board of Supervisors, the City is split, with one Republican and one Democrat holding the two Supervisor seats.

According to its official website, Saratoga County levies one of the lowest county tax rates in New York State.[10]

Municipalities[edit]

The historic Village of Ballston Spa is the county seat of Saratoga County.
The Town of Malta, home to the "Fab 8" campus of GlobalFoundries, a semiconductor foundry.
An entrance to the Saratoga Race Course in Saratoga Springs.

Under New York State law, there are three types of incorporated municipalities: cities, villages, and towns. The following incorporated cities, villages and towns are located in Saratoga County:

Recreation[edit]

Towering trees line the Avenue of the Pines in Saratoga Spa State Park.

Saratoga County is extremely popular between late July and early September each year due to the Saratoga Race Course being open. This world-famous track dates back to 1863. Thoroughbred horse racing in the United States has its own Hall of Fame in Saratoga Springs, which honors remarkable horses, jockeys, owners, and trainers. Horse-racing fans come from all over to watch the races.

Saratoga County is also known for its role in American History, being the home of the Battle of Saratoga. The Saratoga National Historical Park is located along the Hudson River in Stillwater, and features a drive-around trail where you can drive up to each station. The park is also famous for its outstanding views of the area's natural scenery and Vermont's Green Mountains in the distance.

The Saratoga Spa State Park capitalizes on the culture and the mineral springs that once drove Saratoga County. This is a large state park and includes a hotel, 2 pool complexes, mineral baths, Saratoga Performing Arts Center, picnic areas, hiking trails and numerous mineral springs.

Saratoga County serves as the southern gateway to Adirondack Park, the largest park in the contiguous United States. Part of northwestern Saratoga County lies within the boundaries of the Park.

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

The following public use airports are located in the county:[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "State & County QuickFacts Saratoga County, New York QuickLinks". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Fab 8 Overview". GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  5. ^ Starr, Timothy (2008). Invented in Saratoga County. New York: Rock City Falls. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Population Growth. CensusScope. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  10. ^ "Saratoga County, New York". Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ Saratoga County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 13, 2013.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°07′N 73°52′W / 43.11°N 73.87°W / 43.11; -73.87