Saratov Oblast

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Saratov Oblast
Саратовская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: none[1]
Coordinates: 51°47′N 46°44′E / 51.783°N 46.733°E / 51.783; 46.733Coordinates: 51°47′N 46°44′E / 51.783°N 46.733°E / 51.783; 46.733
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Volga[2]
Economic region Volga[3]
Established December 5, 1936[4]
Administrative center Saratov
Government (as of July 2014)
 - Governor[6] Valery Radayev[5]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma[6]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7]
 - Total 100,200 km2 (38,700 sq mi)
Area rank 36th
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 - Total 2,521,892
 - Rank 19th
 - Density[9] 25.17 /km2 (65.2 /sq mi)
 - Urban 74.5%
 - Rural 25.5%
Population (beginning of 2014 est.)
 - Total 2,496,600[10]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+03:00)[11]
ISO 3166-2 RU-SAR
License plates 34
Official languages Russian[12]
Official website

Saratov Oblast (Russian: Сара́товская о́бласть, Saratovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the Volga Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Saratov. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,521,892.[8]

Geography[edit]

The oblast is located in the southeast of European Russia, in the northern part of the Lower Volga region. From west to east territory stretches for 575 kilometers (357 mi), and from north to south—for 330 kilometers (210 mi).

Natural resources[edit]

Of particular importance are valuable agricultural ordinary and southern Chernozyom, chestnut soils are widespread. Field mainly sufficiently provided with water, and besides numerous river Volga known many sources and mineral water deposits.

History[edit]

Politics[edit]

Facade of the Oblast Duma building

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Saratov CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Saratov Oblast is the fundamental law of the oblast. The Legislative Assembly of Saratov Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Economy[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population: 2,521,892 (2010 Census);[8] 2,668,310 (2002 Census);[13] 2,686,483 (1989 Census).[14]

Ethnic groups: most of the ethnic Germans who used to live in the area have been repatriated. The German Consulate in Saratov closed in June 2004, stating that there were only 18,000 ethnic Germans left in the oblast (including 2,000 in the city of Saratov)

There were twenty recognized ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each in Saratov Oblast at the time of the 2010 Census. The ethnic composition was reported to be:[8]

  • Births (2008): 27,492 (10.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2008): 39,291 (15.2 per 1000)[16]
Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 28 364 (11.3 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 35 664 (14.2 per 1000) [17]
  • Total fertility rate:[18]

2009 - 1.41 | 2010 - 1.40 | 2011 - 1.40 | 2012 - 1.51 | 2013 - 1.54(e)

Religion[edit]




Circle frame.svg

Religion in Saratov Oblast (2012)[19][20]

  Unaffiliated Christian (4%)
  Muslim (2%)
  Rodnover (1%)
  Other Orthodox (1%)
  Hindu (0.5%)
  Spiritual but not religious (38%)
  Atheist (16%)
  Other or undeclared (7.5%)

According to a 2012 official survey[19] 30% of the population of Saratov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 4% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches. 2% are Muslims, 1% of the population adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism), and 0.5% to forms of Hinduism (Vedism, Krishnaism or Tantrism). In addition, 38% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 16% is atheist, and 7.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The official symbols of Saratov Oblast, enumerated in Article 4 of the Charter of Saratov Oblast, include only its flag and coat of arms.
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ Charter of Saratov Oblast, Preamble
  5. ^ Official website of Saratov Oblast. Valery Vasilyevich Radayev, Governor of Saratov Oblast (Russian)
  6. ^ a b Charter of Saratov Oblast, Article 6
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  8. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  9. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  10. ^ Saratov Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения на начало 2014 г. (Russian)
  11. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  12. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  16. ^ http://srtvstat.renet.ru/digital/region1/default.aspx
  17. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  18. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  19. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  20. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.

Sources[edit]

  • Саратовская областная Дума. Закон №46-ЗСО от 2 июня 2005 г. «Устав (Основной Закон) Саратовской области», в ред. Закона №44-ЗСО от 25 апреля 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 43 Устава (Основного Закона) Саратовской области». Вступил в силу после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Неделя области", Спецвыпуск, №38 (156), 4 июня 2005 г. (Saratov Oblast Duma. Law #46-ZSO of June 2, 2005 Charter (Basic Law) of Saratov Oblast, as amended by the Law #44-ZSO of April 25, 2014 On Amending Article 43 of the Charter (Basic Law) of Saratov Oblast. Effective as of after the official publication.).