Sarcophaga

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Sarcophaga
Sarcophaga nodosa.jpg
Sarcophaga nodosa feeding on decaying meat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Brachycera
Infraorder: Muscomorpha
Section: Schizophora
Subsection: Calyptratae
Superfamily: Oestroidea
Family: Sarcophagidae
Subfamily: Sarcophaginae
Genus: Sarcophaga
Meigen, 1826 [1]
Type species
Musca carnaria Linnaeus, 1758 [1]

Sarcophaga is a genus of true flies, the type of the flesh-fly family (Sarcophagidae).

This genus occurs essentially worldwide. These flies are generally well-sized and of a greyish color; like many of their relatives, the typical patterns are lengthwise darker stripes on the thorax and dark and light square dots on the abdomen. Many have conspicuous red compound eyes. These are set further apart in females than in males; the females are also larger on average. As typical for this family, it is almost impossible to tell the species apart from their outward appearance, and many can only be reliably identified by microscopic examination of the males' genitalia.

As the common name implies, their larvae typically feed on decaying meat. Some, however, rather eat the bacteria and other small organisms living on carrion. Many species have adapted to humans, and while they are usually nuisance pests, some are medically significant vectors of pathogens and bacteria. Sometimes, the larvae cause myiasis. Others are parasitoids of pest caterpillars and beneficial in forestry and orchards.

Well-known species are Sarcophaga africa, Sarcophaga bercaea, the grey flesh-fly Sarcophaga bullata, Sarcophaga carnaria, Sarcophaga crassipalpis, the friendly fly Sarcophaga aldrichi and the red-tailed flesh-fly Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis.

Subgenera[edit]

The immense number of Sarcophaga species is divided among the following subgenera, some of which are occasionally considered (and may well be) distinct genera:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b J. M. Aldrich (1916; reprinted 2009). Sarcophaga and allies in North America. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1-115-40881-3.  [page needed]

Further reading[edit]