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Sarcostemma viminale Khanon-199.jpg
Sarcostemma viminale
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Tribe: Asclepiadeae
Subtribe: Cynanchinae
Genus: Sarcostemma

See text.

Sarcostemma australe

Sarcostemma is a genus of at least 35 species of flowering plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae. The name is derived from the Greek words σαρκὸς (sarkos), meaning "flesh," and στέμμα (stemma), meaning "garland".[2] Members of the genus are known generally as climbing milkweeds or caustic bushes. They are found across Africa and tropical Asia, in Australia, and in parts of North America. These plants are perennial flowering shrubs with trailing vines or lianas. They are often adapted to heat and/or desert conditions. Some have few or no leaves and photosynthesize in the tissues of the green stems. The soft stems are filled with a milky white latex that is poisonous and caustic in some species. The flowers have a ring of thick tissue at the base which extends into hollow spherical appendages within the flower corolla.

Selected species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]


  1. ^ "Genus: Sarcostemma R. Br.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2005-11-28. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  2. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 4 R-Z. Taylor & Francis US. p. 2388. ISBN 978-0-8493-2678-3. 
  3. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Sarcostemma". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Sarcostemma at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Sarcostemma at Wikispecies