Sarcostemma is a genus of at least 35 species of flowering plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae. The name is derived from the Greek words σαρκὸς (sarkos), meaning "flesh," and στέμμα (stemma), meaning "garland". Members of the genus are known generally as climbing milkweeds or caustic bushes. They are found across Africa and tropical Asia, in Australia, and in parts of North America. These plants are perennial flowering shrubs with trailing vines or lianas. They are often adapted to heat and/or desert conditions. Some have few or no leaves and photosynthesize in the tissues of the green stems. The soft stems are filled with a milky white latex that is poisonous and caustic in some species. The flowers have a ring of thick tissue at the base which extends into hollow spherical appendages within the flower corolla.
- Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt
- Sarcostemma angustissima R.W. Holm
- Sarcostemma australe – caustic vine
- Sarcostemma brevipedicellatum
- Sarcostemma decorsei
- Sarcostemma esculentum
- Sarcostemma hirtellum (A.Gray)-Schltr. (syn. Funastrum hirtellum) – hairy milkweed
- Sarcostemma membranaceum
- Sarcostemma mulanjense
- Sarcostemma resiliens
- Sarcostemma socotranum Lavranos
- Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R.Br. – Rapunzel plant
Formerly placed here
- Funastrum cynanchoides (Decne.) Schltr. (as S. cynanchoides Decne.)
- Funastrum clausum (Jacq.) Schltr. (as S. apiculatum Decne., S. clausum (Jacq.) Schult., and S. riparium Decne.)
- "Genus: Sarcostemma R. Br.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2005-11-28. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 4 R-Z. Taylor & Francis US. p. 2388. ISBN 978-0-8493-2678-3.
- "GRIN Species Records of Sarcostemma". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-09-22.
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