Buta Singh

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Buta Singh
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
1986–1989
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Minister of AgricultureMinister of Rural Development
In office
1984–1986
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Governor Of Bihar
In office
2004–2006
Member of Lok Sabha
In office
1962–2004
Chairman National Commission for Scheduled Castes
In office
2007–2010
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Minister of Sports
In office
1982–1984
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Chairman Asian Games Special Organizing Committee
In office
1981–1982
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Minister of Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution
In office
1995–1996
Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao
Personal details
Born (1934-03-21) 21 March 1934 (age 80)
Mustafapur, Jalandhar district, Punjab
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Manjit Kaur
Residence 11-A Teen Murti Marg New Delhi

Buta Singh (born 21 March 1934) is an Indian politician. He was the Union Home Minister of India, Governor of Bihar and more recently was chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes from 2007-2010.

Early life[edit]

Buta Singh was born on 21 March 1934 in the village of Mustafapur in Jalandhar district, Punjab, British India. He was educated at Lyallpur Khalsa College in Jalandhar, from where he was awarded a B.A. (Hons), and at Guru Nakak Khalsa College in Bombay, where he earned a M.A. Singh then gained a Ph.D. from Bundelkhand University. He married Manjit Kaur in 1964; the couple had three children.[1]

He worked as journalist before joining politics. He fought his first elections as an Akali Dal member and joined the Indian National Congress in the late 1960s at the time when that party was split.

Political career[edit]

Buta Singh was first elected to the Indian Parliament from the Sadhna constituency. He has been involved with the Congress party since Jawaharlal Nehru was Prime Minister and he was close to former Indian Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. He has been elected eight times as a member of the Lok Sabha in 3rd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, 10th, 12th and 13th Lok Sabha. He became General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee (AICC) General Secretary (1978-1980), Home Minister of India and later Governor of Bihar (2004-2006). Other portfolios that he has held include those for railways, commerce, parliamentary affairs, sports, shipping, agriculture, communications and housing. He was chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (ranked as Cabinet Minister) from 2007-2010.

He has written a book Punjabi Speaking State - A Critical Analysis and a collection of articles on Punjabi literature and Sikh history. Indira Ganhi chose him to select a new party symbol when Congress was split. He was very closely involved with her in Operation Blue Star and as a minister he oversaw reconstruction of the Golden Temple following that exercise. His name was also in the finalists for the post of President of India along with Giani Zail Singh in the Indira era. He was also the chairperson of Asian Games organizing committee when the competition was held in India in 1982.

He was involved in the Indian general election of 2014 from Jalore District.[2]

Controversies[edit]

As the Governor of Bihar, Singh's decision to recommend the dissolution of the Bihar Assembly in 2005 was sharply criticised by the Supreme Court of India. The court ruled that Singh had acted in haste and misled the federal cabinet because he did not want a particular party claiming to form the government, to come to power. Singh however claimed that the party was resorting to unfair means to secure support to form the government. On January 26, 2006 Singh sent a fax to Abdul Kalam offering to resign his post.[3] The next day he left office and was replaced by West Bengal governor Gopalkrishna Gandhi.

Positions held[edit]

  1. 1962  : Elected to 3rd Lok Sabha.Moga
  2. 1966-68  : Member, Public Accounts Committee.
  3. 1967  : Re-elected to 4th Lok Sabha (2nd term)Ropar (Lok Sabha constituency)
  4. 1971  : Re-elected to 5th Lok Sabha (3rd term).Ropar (Lok Sabha constituency)
  5. 1971  : Chairman, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
  6. 1973-74  : Convenor, All India Congress Committee (Indira) [AICC(I)], Harijan Cell.
  7. 1974-76  : Union Deputy Minister, Railways.
  8. 1976-77  : Union Deputy Minister, Commerce.
  9. 1978-80  : General-Secretary, AICC(I).
  10. 1980  : Re-elected to 7th Lok Sabha (4th term).Ropar (Lok Sabha constituency)
  11. 1980-82  : Union Minister of State, Shipping and Transport.
  12. 1982  : Union Minister of State, Supply and Rehabilitation (Independent Charge).
  13. 1982-83  : Union Minister of State, Supply and Sports (Independent Charge).
  14. 1983-84  : Union Cabinet Minister, Parliamentary Affairs, Sports and Works and Housing.
  15. 1984  : Re-elected to 8th Lok Sabha (5th term).Jalore (Lok Sabha constituency)
  16. 1984-85  : Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture and Rural Development.
  17. 1985-86  : Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture.
  18. 1986-89  : Union Cabinet Minister, Home Affairs.
  19. 1991  : Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha (6th term).Jalore (Lok Sabha constituency)
  20. 1994-95  : Chairman, Parliamentary Committee on Defence.
  21. 1995-96  : Union Cabinet Minister, Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution.
  22. 1998  : Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (7th term).Jalore (Lok Sabha constituency)
  23. Mar-Apr' 1998: Union Cabinet Minister, Communications.
  24. 1998-99  : Member, Committee on Subordinate Legislation and Member, Committee on Finance.
  25. 1999  : Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (8th term).Jalore (Lok Sabha constituency)
  26. 1999-2000 : Member, Committee of Privileges and Member, Committee on Communications.
  27. 1999-2001 : Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
  28. 2002-2003 : Chairman, Public Accounts Committee, Room No.-51, Parliament House, New Delhi.
  29. 2004-2006 : Governor Of Bihar
  30. 2006-2007 : Permanent Invitee Congress Working Committee
  31. 2007-2010 : Chairman National Commission For Schedule Cast (rank of Cabinet Minister)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hon'ble Governor of Bihar - Sardar Buta Singh". National Informatics Centre, India. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  2. ^ http://m.gulfnews.com/news/world/india/key-players-in-rajasthan-1.1318788
  3. ^ "Bihar governor offers resignation". BBC News. 2006-01-26. Retrieved 2010-01-04.