Sardinian Action Party

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Sardinian Action Party
Partidu Sardu - Partito Sardo d'Azione
President Giacomo Sanna
Secretary vacant[1]
Founder Emilio Lussu
Founded 17 April 1921
Headquarters Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy
Newspaper Il Solco
Membership  (2014) Unknown
Ideology Sardinian nationalism
Regionalism
Social liberalism
Social democracy
Political position Centre to Centre-left
International affiliation None
European affiliation European Free Alliance
European Parliament group No MEPs
Colours          Black, Red
     Green
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Regional Council of Sardinia
3 / 60
Website
www.psdaz.net
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections
Politics of Sardinia
Political parties
Elections

The Sardinian Action Party (Italian: Partito Sardo d'Azione, Sardinian: Partidu Sardu, PSd'Az) is a social-liberal regionalist political party in Sardinia, part of the Sardinian centre-left, but which has recently sided with The People of Freedom and, later, Forza Italia, the largest centre-right party in Italy.

The PSd'Az is one of the oldest stateless nationalist parties still active in Europe to promote the ideal of an independent state.[2] Despite this long history, the party has failed to regain the success and consensus it enjoyed after its foundation (e.g. 36% of the popular vote in 1921 regional election[3]). Indeed, the party has been mostly marginal in the Sardinan political scene after World War II, and this marginalisation has increased with the establishment of a bipolar political system in the 1990s.[4] Eve Hepburn, a political scientist, has suggested the reasons for the Sardinian Action Party's failure in getting electoral success and influence can be identified in different factors that include its ideological incoherence, its consequent erratic choices of coalition partners, its inability to adapt to multi-level politics (e.g. its inability to devise coherent strategies at the Sardinian, Italian and European level).[5]

History[edit]

The party was originally founded in April 1921 and was re-organized after World War II by Emilio Lussu, secretary for Southern Italy of the Action Party during the war, and other veterans from the Sassari brigade, a social-democratic group of the Italian resistance movement. Lussu left the party in 1948 to found the short-lived Sardinian Socialist Action Party (PSd'AzS), which joined the Italian Socialist Party in 1949, as many other PSd'Az members did.[6]

The PSd'Az and the PSd'AzS won 10.4 and 6.6% respectively in the first regional election in 1949.

After a decline in term of votes in the 1960s and 1970s, the party re-gained strength in the 1980s (13.8% in 1984 and 12.4% in 1989). Following these results, Sardist Mario Melis was President of Sardinia between 1984 and 1989 at the head of a five-party coalition composed also by the Italian Communist Party, the Italian Socialist Party, the Italian Democratic Socialist Party and the Italian Republican Party. This was the highest point in party history: the PSd'Az was represented in the Italian Parliament from 1983 to 1994 and Mario Melis was a MEP from 1989 to 1994.

In the 2004 Sardinian regional election the PSd'Az won 3.9% of the vote and 2 regional councillors.

In the 2006 general election leader Giacomo Sanna, due to an electoral pact named Pact for the Autonomies, was a candidate of Lega Nord for the Senate in Lombardy, but failed to get elected.

The party ran by itself in the 2008 general election, winning a mere 1.5% in the Region.[7]

In the 2009 regional election the party joined the centre-right coalition, supporting, provoking the split of the Sardinian centre-left that led to the formation of the Red Moors. Cappellacci won and the PSd'Az won 4.3% of the vote (having its strongholds in the traditionally left-wing Provinces of Nuoro and Carbonia-Iglesias, where it gained 7.5 and 7.1%, respectively)[8] and four regional councillors plus one (Giacomo Sanna) elected in Cappellacci's regional list.[9] The Red Moors won 2.5% and one councillor.

In the 2010 provincial elections the party was strongest in Nuoro (12.8%), Sassari (6.9%), Olbia-Tempio (6.7%) and Cagliari (6.4%).[10]

In 2013 the PSd'Az broke with Cappellacci and the centre-right,[11] but re-joined the coalition in time for the 2014 regional election. In the event, which saw Cappellacci lose to Francesco Pigliaru, the PSd'Az won 4.7% of the vote and two regional councillors.[12]

Popular support[edit]

The electoral results of PSd'Az in Sardinia from 1946 to 1979 are shown in the table below. In 1961 (regional), 1963 (general) and 1965 (regional) the party formed joint lists with the Italian Republican Party. In the general elections of 1972, 1976 and 1979 did not run lists for the Italian Chamber of Deputies.

1946 general 1948 general 1949 regional 1953 general 1953 regional 1957 regional 1958 general 1961 regional 1963 general 1965 regional 1968 general 1969 regional 1972 general 1974 regional 1976 general 1979 general 1979 regional
14.9 10.3 10.4 3.4 7.0 6.0 3.9 7.2 4.1 6.4 3.6 4.4 - 3.1 - - 3.3

The electoral results of PSd'Az in Sardinia since 1983 are shown in the table below.

1983 general 1984 regional 1987 general 1989 regional 1992 general 1994 general 1994 regional 1996 general 1999 regional 2001 general 2004 regional 2006 general 2008 general 2009 regional 2013 general 2014 regional
9.5 13.8 12.0 12.5 6.7 8.0[13] 5.1[14] 3.8 4.5[15] 4.1[16] 3.9[17] - 1.5 4.3 2.0 4.7

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://lanuovasardegna.gelocal.it/regione/2014/07/21/news/psd-az-lascia-il-segretario-giovanni-colli-si-e-dimesso-1.9633151
  2. ^ Sardinians - World Directory of Minorities
  3. ^ The Polarisation and De-polarisation of Sardinian Nationalism - by Eve Hepburn
  4. ^ An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie
  5. ^ Hepburn, E. (2009) 'Explaining Failure: the Highs and Lows of Sardinian Nationalism', Regional & Federal Studies, 19(4/5)
  6. ^ http://www.partitosardo.it/index.aspx?m=53&did=54
  7. ^ http://politiche.interno.it/politiche/camera080413/C260000000.htm
  8. ^ Risultati per circoscrizione-Regione Autonoma della Sardegna
  9. ^ http://www.regione.sardegna.it/documenti/1_204_20090302175233.pdf
  10. ^ Ministry of the Interior
  11. ^ Sardegna Oggi: Notizie e informazione regionale
  12. ^ Sardegna - Elezioni Regionali del 16 febbraio 2014 - la Repubblica.it
  13. ^ This result refers to the party's score in single-seat constituencies.
  14. ^ This result refers to the provincial lists of the party, whose regional list gained 6.8% of the vote.
  15. ^ This result refers to the party list; Franco Meloni, candidate for President, won 8.3% of the vote.
  16. ^ This result refers to the score of the joint list with Sardinia Nation in single-seat constituencies.
  17. ^ This result refers to the party list; Giacomo Sanna, candidate for President supported also by Sardinia Nation, won 3.7% of the vote.

External links[edit]