Sarfraz Nawaz

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Sarfraz Nawaz
Sarfraz-nawaz-new.jpg
Personal information
Full name Sarfraz Nawaz Soomro
Born (1948-12-01) 1 December 1948 (age 65)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Height 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
Batting style Right-handed
Bowling style Right-arm fast-medium
Role Bowler
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 59) 6 March 1969 v England
Last Test 19 March 1984 v England
ODI debut (cap 9) 11 February 1973 v New Zealand
Last ODI 12 November 1984 v New Zealand
Domestic team information
Years Team
1980–1984 Lahore
1969–1982 Northamptonshire
1976–1977 United Bank Limited
1975–1976 Pakistan Railways
1975 Punjab A
1968–1972 Punjab University
1967–1968 Lahore
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC LA
Matches 55 45 299 228
Runs scored 1,045 221 5,709 1,721
Batting average 17.71 9.60 19.35 15.36
100s/50s 0/4 0/0 0/17 0/3
Top score 90 34* 90 92
Balls bowled 13,951 2,412 55,692 11,537
Wickets 177 63 1,005 319
Bowling average 32.75 23.22 24.62 20.88
5 wickets in innings 4 0 46 3
10 wickets in match 1 0 4 0
Best bowling 9/86 4/27 9/86 5/15
Catches/stumpings 26/– 8/– 163/– 43/–
Source: CricketArchive, 10 May 2009

Sarfraz Nawaz Malik (Punjabi, Urdu: سرفراز نواز ملک‎) (born 1 December 1948, Lahore, Punjab) is a former Pakistani Test cricketer and politician who discovered reverse swing and was instrumental in Pakistan's first Test series victories over India and England.[1] Between 1969 and 1984 he played 55 Tests and 45 One Day Internationals and took 177 Test wickets at an average of 32.75. In 1978–79 he took 9/86 against Australia at Melbourne – including a spell of 7/1 off 33 balls – to give Pakistan a surprise victory, but in the next Test at Perth Sarfraz controversially dismissed the Australian batsman Andrew Hilditch for handling the ball.

Early career[edit]

In his first Test – against England at Karachi – the twenty year old Sarfraz took no wickets or catches, did not bat and was dropped for four years. He made his name in 1972–73 by taking 4/53 and 4/56 against Australia at the SCG, accounting for Ian and Greg Chappell, Keith Stackpole and Ian Redpath, but this did not stop the hosts winning by 56 runs.[2] At Headingley in 1974 Sarfraz hit 53 off 74 balls to convert 209/8 into 285 all out, driving the ball fiercely off Geoff Arnold, Chris Old, Mike Hendrick, Tony Greig and Derek Underwood in a low scoring match.[3] Against Clive Lloyd's West Indians in 1974–75 he took 6/89 at the Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore to dismiss them for 214, but the Test and the series were both drawn. Sarfraz was made vice-captain to Wasim Bari, but disappeared before the Second Test against England in 1977–78. He was found in London where he had gone to see Christmas even though he was a Muslim and returned to Pakistan in time for the Third Test. As World Series Cricket was operating at time it was speculated that he was negotiating with Kerry Packer. At Lords in 1978 he took 5/39 to reduce England to 119/7, dismissing Mike Brearley, Graham Gooch, David Gower, Ian Botham and Bob Taylor, but rain ruined play and the match was drawn.[4] More decisively in 1978–79 Sarfraz's haul of 4/89 and 5/70 against India at Karachi gave Pakistan victory in the third and final Test by eight wickets. He took 17 wickets (25.00) in the series, the most by any player and Pakistan won their first Test series against their rivals despite having played them since 1952.[5]

Australia 1978–79[edit]

Sarfraz's greatest bowling performance took place in the First Test at Melbourne in 1978–79 when Australia were 305/3 with Allan Border (105) and Kim Hughes (84) at the crease needing only 77 runs to win. Sarfraz took 7/1 in 33 balls and dismissed Australia for 310 to give Pakistan a surprise 71 run victory.[3] At the time his 9/86 in an innings was the best Test match analysis in Australia, the best by a Pakistani bowler and the fifth best in Test cricket.[6] Sarfraz had also made 35 coming in at 99/6 in the first innings and took 11/125 in the match. He was also involved in the controversial dismissal of Andrew Hilditch for handling the ball in the Second Test at the WACA in Perth. The batsman was at the non-striker's end when the ball was returned to the crease by the wayward throw of a fielder. Hilditch picked up the ball and politely gave it to Sarfraz, Sarfraz appealed and Hilditch was given out. It was only the second time in a hundred years of Test cricket that a batsman had been given out in this fashion and though strictly correct it was considered to be against the spirit of the game. Earlier in the match the Australian tailender Rodney Hogg had been run out while 'gardening' and Alan Hurst ran out Sikander Bakht when backing up, two pieces of gamesmanship which caused bad feeling between the teams.[7][8][9] Australia made 236/3 to win the Test and square the series, the other two batsmen being run out and no bowler taking a wicket.

Later career[edit]

Sarfraz played for Northamptonshire in two separate spells and in the 1980 Benson and Hedges Cup he took 3/23 off 11 overs to restrict Essex to 203/8 in Northant's six run win. In 1983–84 he took 4/42 and 2/27 in the First Test against England at Karachi and hit the winning runs when Pakistan made 66/7 to win.[10] After several 'retirements' the Third Test at the Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore proved to be his last and in the first innings his 4/49 helped dismiss England for 241. When Pakistan were reduced to 181/8 Sarfraz made 90, his highest Test and First Class score, adding 161 for the ninth wicket with his captain Zaheer Abbas (82 not out) to give his team a 102 run lead. Unfortunately, David Gower made 173 not out and Safraz was hit for 1/112 in the second innings, but came in at 199/5 and saw out the match with 10 not out. This ensured that Pakistan kept their 1–0 lead to win their first Test series against England.[11]

Style[edit]

From the boundary Sarfraz looked like a medium paced trundler, but he was "as strong as a cart-horse" and his powerful upper body and good action allowed him to bowl at a fast-medium pace. He could seam the ball in either direction and despite the convention he repeatedly bounced other fast bowlers such as Jeff Thomson and Joel Garner.[3] The flat wickets found in Pakistan were not ideal for a bowler of his pace, but could sometimes surprise batsmen with his ability to make to ball seam, swing or bounce awkwardly.[3] More importantly with Sikander Bakht Sarfraz developed reverse swing. Commentators did not realise this was reverse swing at the time, though they realised that he had an uncanny ability to move the old ball in the air. He passed on his knowledge to Imran Khan, Wasim Akram and Waqar Younis who made this new type of bowling famous in the late 1980s and 1990s.[3][12] As a batsman he was a good lower-order striker of the ball particularly when driving and averaged over 40 in a series on three occasions.

Personal life[edit]

In the 1980s, Sarfraz married Pakistani Film actress Rani. In 1985, he contested successfully for membership of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab and remained a member (MPA) for 3 years.[1]

Battle against match fixing[edit]

When Bob Woolmer was found dead in Jamaica, Sarfaraz Nawaz was quick to suggest that he was murdered, even before the postmortem, linking it to corruption in cricket. He subsequently raised concerns about the safety of Pakistani Cricketers in West Indies, claiming Woolmer and Inzamam were getting threats from the bookies without naming his sources. He requested the involvement of Scotland Yard in the investigations, questioning the credibility of Jamaican police. He also alleged that the match Pakistan lost against West Indies in the World Cup 2007 was fixed.

Later Sarfraz insisted that Woolmer's death in a Kingston hotel on 18 March was linked to match fixing and extended his help to track the gang of bookies. "I know five bookies made their way to the West Indies. I can help trace them. Perhaps we can even get some clues from the players", Sarfraz told The Sun, adding "Woolmer's death is connected with the match-fixing mafia.".[13] "I believe the Pakistan World Cup games were fixed. There is a dark side to cricket. The game got on top of it for a while but it has never really been stamped out," he said.[13] Scotland Yard, later, declared that no foul play was involved in Woolmer's death, rejecting Sarfraz's allegations and vindicating the Pakistani team.

Bowling averages[edit]

Sarfraz Nawaz's Test Bowling Averages by series (Source)
Season Home Country Opposition Tests Balls Overs Maidens Runs Wickets Best Bowling Average 5 Wt 10 Wt
1968–69  Pakistan  England 1 204 34 6 78 0 0/78
1972–73  Australia  Australia 2 677 84.5 (8 Ball) 16 (8 Ball) 308 12 4/53 25.66
1972–73  New Zealand  New Zealand 3 504 84 7 275 5 4/126 55.00
1972–73  Pakistan  England 2 444 73 25 156 1 1/51 156.00
1974  England  England 3 726 121 34 259 9 4/56 28.77
1974–75  Pakistan  West Indies 2 544 90.4 5 266 8 6/89 33.25 1
1976–77  Pakistan  New Zealand 3 635 105.5 13 284 13 3/53 21.84
1976–77  Australia  Australia 2 504 63 (8 ball) 11 (8 ball) 218 8 3/42 27.25
1976–77  West Indies  West Indies 4 1,185 197.3 54 579 16 4/79 36.18
1977–78  Pakistan  England 2 616 102.4 24 152 5 4/68 30.40
1978  England  England 2 156 26 7 51 5 5/39 10.20 1
1978–79  Pakistan  India 3 890 148.2 27 425 17 5/70 25.00 1
1978–79  New Zealand  New Zealand 3 810 135 27 296 8 4/61 37.00
1978–79  Australia  Australia 2 891 111.3 (8 ball) 21 (8 ball) 322 13 9/86 24.76 1 1
1979–80  Pakistan  Australia 3 666 111 30 255 2 2/119 127.50
1980–81  Pakistan  West Indies 2 200 33.2 10 79 2 1/24 39.50
1981–82  Australia  Australia 3 708 168 22 306 9 3/11 34.00
1982  England  England 1 222 35.2 9 78 3 3/56 26.00
1982–83  Pakistan  India 6 1,447 241.1 61 633 19 4/63 33.31
1983–84  Australia  Australia 3 1,074 179 41 419 8 3/105 52.37
1983–84  Pakistan  England 3 848 141.2 26 359 14 4/42 25.64
1968–84 Total 55 13,951 1979.5
259.2 (8 ball)
438
48 (8 ball)
5,798 177 9/86 32.75 4 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sarfraz Nawaz Biography". Yahoo! Cricket. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  2. ^ "Australia v Pakistan in 1972/73". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e p78, Christopher Martin-Jenkins, Cricket Characters, Stanley Paul & Co Ltd, 1987
  4. ^ p132, Peter Arnold, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of World Cricket, W.H. Smith, 1986
  5. ^ p171, Peter Arnold, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of World Cricket, W.H. Smith, 1986
  6. ^ "Eight or More Wickets in an Innings in Test Cricket". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  7. ^ p156, Peter Arnold, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of World Cricket, W.H. Smith, 1986
  8. ^ "50 years of Pakistan cricket- Part IX (Oct 20 1997)". Cricinfo. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  9. ^ "2nd Test: Australia v Pakistan at Perth, Mar 24–29, 1979". Cricinfo. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  10. ^ p134, Peter Arnold, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of World Cricket, W.H. Smith, 1986
  11. ^ pp170-171, Peter Arnold, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of World Cricket, W.H. Smith, 1986
  12. ^ "Swing and seam bowling: Reverse Swing". BBC Sport. 19 August 2005. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Harvey, Oliver (6 April 2007). "Woolmer: Hunt for 5 bookies". The Sun. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Imran Khan
Pakistan cricket captain
1983–1984
Succeeded by
Zaheer Abbas
Preceded by
Ghulam Abed
Nelson Cricket Club
Professional

1972–1973
Succeeded by
Collis King