Sarkar (country subdivision)

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Sarkar (Hindi: सरकार, Persian: سركار‎ also spelt Circar) is an historical administrative unit,[1] used mostly in the Mughal states of India. It was a division of a Subah[1] or province. A sarkar was further divided into Mahallas or Parganas.[1]

The Sarkar system was replaced in the early 18th century by the Chakla system.[2]

See also[edit]

  • Northern Circars, the five individual states making up a former division of British India's Madras Presidency
  • Pakhli, an ancient sarkar now part of Hazara, Pakistan
  • Pakhal Sarkar, an area of Mansehra district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nasrin Akhter (2012). "Sarkar". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ Shirin Akhtar (2012). "Chakla System". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.