Sarkastodon

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Sarkastodon
Temporal range: 35Ma
Late Eocene
SarkastodonDB.jpg
Reconstruction of Sarkastodon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Creodonta
Family: Oxyaenidae
Genus: Sarkastodon
Granger, 1938[1]
Species
  • S. mongoliensis Granger, 1938[1] (type)

Sarkastodon is an extinct genus within the family Oxyaenidae that lived during the upper Eocene, approximately 35 million years ago. It was a large, carnivorous animal that lived in what is today Mongolia.[1] Sarkastodon is known only from a skull and jawbones. Sarkastodon, like creodonts in general, was probably a hypercarnivore that preyed on large mammals in its range during the Late Eocene, such as brontotheres, chalicotheres, and rhinoceroses.

Discovery[edit]

The type specimens of S. mongoliensis are known from Eocene deposits from the Irdin Manha Formation of Mongolia. Additional material referred to Sarkastodon is known from the Ulan Shireb beds (100 miles away from the holotype locality) of Inner Mongolia. These specimens were discovered by Dr. Garber in 1930, on an expedition to the Gobi Desert.[1]

Palaeobiology[edit]

Sarkastodon was a hypercarnivore, with hyaena-like dentition specialised in bone-cracking.[2][3] The sharp, slicing premolars (which form roughly rectilinear cutting blades)[4] and crushing molars enabled Sarkastodon to eat both bone and flesh.[5]

Skull reconstruction of Sarkastodon mongolensis. On left is figure 4 from Granger (1938), while the right is figure 2.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Granger, W. 1938. A giant oxyaenid from the upper Eocene of Mongolia. American Museum Novitates 969.
  2. ^ Rose KD. 2006. The Beginning of the Age of Mammals. JHU Press: page 122
  3. ^ Werdelin, L. (1989). "Constraints and adaptations in the bone-cracking canid Osteoborus (Mammalia: Canidae)". Paleobiology 15 (4): 387–401. 
  4. ^ Muizon, C. de; Lange-Badré, B. (2007). "Carnivorous dental adaptations in tribosphenic mammals and phylogenetic reconstruction". Lethaia 30 (4): 353–366. doi:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1997.tb00481.x. 
  5. ^ Gunnell, GF. 1998. Creodonta, p. 91-109. In: Janis CM., Scott K.M., and Jacobs LL. (eds.). Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America, Volume 1: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulatelike Mammals. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

External links[edit]