Sarlahi District

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Sarlahi
सर्लाही जिल्ला
District
Sarlahi district location.png
Country    Nepal
Region Central (Madhyamanchal)
Zone Janakpur
Headquarters Malangwa
Area
 • Total 1,259 km2 (486 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 769,729
 • Density 610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Main language(s) Bajjika, Bhojpuri, Maithili, Hindi-Urdu, Nepali, Newari, Tamang,etc
Website www.ddcsarlahi.gov.np

Sarlahi (Nepali: ne:सर्लाहीAbout this sound Listen ), a part of Janakpur Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Malangwa as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,259 km² and had a population of 635,701 in 2001 and 769,729 in 2011. It is bordered to the west by the Bagmati River, to the east by Mahottari District, to the north by the Siwalik Hills, and to the south by Bihar State, India.

Naming[edit]

The general public believe that the Sarlahi's name comes from the name of Sarlahi devi temple. The Sarlahi devi temple is situated in hempur village in the Sarlahi district. There is a belief that if someone goes to the temple at night with a light then that person will die. That is why people still do not go at night to that temple with light. Still there is no residence around this temple.[1]

Famous for[edit]

The district is famous for a couple of things. One of them is tomato production and supply. Lalbandi is the place of this district which is famous for supplying tomato demand of whole country. Farhadwa is the village which is famous for fish production and export.[1]

Geography and Climate[edit]

Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range  % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 88.3%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
11.7%

Geographical division[edit]

According to geographical texture Sarlahi district is divided into three parts.[3]

  • Chure mountain of north
  • Bhanwar region of middle
  • Terai region of south

Chure mountain[edit]

In north side of this district from east to west there is range of chure mountain is also known as Sivalik Hills. They have an average height of 900m, reaching 1350m in places. This range separates the terai from the inner terai and harbours the fossilised remains of many mammals no longer typical of Eurasia.[4]

Bhanwar region[edit]

This region is between the north of chure mountain and terai region of south, in local language it is also called as char koshe jhadi. The height of this region is from 150m to 300m. Mahendra Highway is touching this area so nowadays people settlement is increasing, in this region water source level is always at very low, even the following water is disappears because of sandiness. It is very difficult to obtain water by digging. So in this region irrigation system is problematic one.[3]

Terai region[edit]

This region is start from middle of district to south and goes to India's bihar. From ancient time this region has large public density and good place for farming, so this region is called Treasurer of grain.; [3]

River[edit]

There are main three rivers flowing in this district into India.

It is biggest river, blowing in the western side of district,it separates rautahat district from sarlahi.

This river is largest river inside the district, it is about 64 meter long. it originates from chure mountains and passes into India by touching simara VDC of this district.

Originated from north east side of chure mountains of this districts into phuljor river and kalinjor river joins at the vairawpur village of Jabdi VDC, then it becomes Jhim river. it is 29 km long and by blowing into districts passes into India, and in India this river is known as Adhwara river. Adhwara river was the east border of Makwanpur reign.

There are also many rivers in this district including the Adhwara River of the east which empties into the Jhim River, Manushmara river (which is form by mixing Harion, Sotara and Pathlaiya rivers),and in middle of the district Dhangra and Bhumi rivers.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Sarlahi
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
85%
Muslims
  
7.9%
Buddhism
  
5.71%
Christianity
  
0.22%
Prakriti
  
0.25%
Distribution of religions
Includes kirats (0.04%), Jainism (<0.001%).

According to 2011 census Total population of district is 769,729, among them male population is 389,756 and female population is 379,973. Total Hindus population is 658,611, which is about 85% of total population, while total Muslim population is 60,679, which is about 8% of total population and total population of Buddhism is 44,011, which is about 5.71% of total population while total Christian population is 1,752 which is about 0.22% of total population.[5]

Media[edit]

From sarlahi district publishing Newspaper and FM radio station are as follows.[6]

News Paper Type
Madhesh Post Daily
Suchna Saugat Weekly
Nawa Paricharcha Weekly
Sarlahi Awaz Weekly
Sarlahi Times Weekly
Parivesh News Weekly
Janwakalat Weekly
Avashar Weekly
Naya Surung Monthly
Name Frequency Range Location Status
Samudayak Radio 105.6 MHz Hariyon Broadcast
My FM 107.6 MHz Malangwa Broadcast
Radio Madhesh 89.3 MHz Malangwa Broadcast
Radio Ekta 92.4 MHz Lalbandi N/A

Sarlahi Constituencies[edit]

There are total 6 Electoral Constituencies in sarlahi named kshetra no:-1 to 6.[7]

Village Development Committees (VDCs)[edit]

Map of the VDCs in Sarlahi District

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 26°51′21″N 85°33′44″E / 26.855712°N 85.562360°E / 26.855712; 85.562360