Sarmin

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Sarmin
سرمين
Town
Sarmin is located in Syria
Sarmin
Sarmin
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 35°54′N 36°43′E / 35.900°N 36.717°E / 35.900; 36.717Coordinates: 35°54′N 36°43′E / 35.900°N 36.717°E / 35.900; 36.717
Country  Syria
Governorate Idlib
District Idlib
Subdistrict Sarmin
Elevation 390 m (1,280 ft)
Population (2004)[1]
 • Total 14,530

Sarmin (Arabic: سرمين‎) is a town in northwestern Syria, administratively part of the Idlib Governorate, located 15 kilometers southeast of Idlib. It has an altitude of about 390 meters. Nearby localities include Binnish to the north, Talhiyah to the northeast, Iffis to the east, Saraqib to the southeast and al-Nayrab to the south. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Sarmin had a population of 14,530 in the 2004 census. It is the only locality in the Sarmin nahiyah ("subdistrict").[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.[2]

History[edit]

Medieval period[edit]

Sarmin was the site of a major military confrontation between the Crusaders and the Seljuk Turks. In the thirteenth century the town was celebrated, though small, and the inhabitants were Ismalites, according to Yaqut al-Hamawi.[3] The Ayyubid ruler of Hama and scholar Abu'l-Fida described Sarmin as a town with much land and dependencies, with very fertile soil. The town had no walls, and a Jami mosque.[3] In 1355 Sarmin was visited by Ibn Batutah, who wrote of the abundance of trees, mostly olives, growing there. Soap-making was much practiced, and their "Brick Soap" was exported to Damascus and Cairo. In addition, a perfumed soap, coloured red and yellow, was produced. Cotton products were also made. At this time there was a fine mosque in Sarmin, with nine domes.[3]

Syrian civil war[edit]

It has been shelled during the Syrian civil war, with one of its mosques being severely damaged.[4]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]