Sarreguemines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sarreguemines
View of the Saar River and the casino
View of the Saar River and the casino
Coat of arms of Sarreguemines
Coat of arms
Sarreguemines is located in France
Sarreguemines
Sarreguemines
Coordinates: 49°07′N 7°04′E / 49.11°N 7.07°E / 49.11; 7.07Coordinates: 49°07′N 7°04′E / 49.11°N 7.07°E / 49.11; 7.07
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Moselle
Arrondissement Sarreguemines
Canton Sarreguemines, Sarreguemines-Campagne
Intercommunality Sarreguemines Confluences
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2010) Céleste Lett
Area1
 • Land 29.66 km2 (11.45 sq mi)
Population (2009)2
 • Population 21,965
 • Density 740.56/km2 (1,918.0/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 57631 / 57200
Website sarreguemines.fr

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sarreguemines (French pronunciation: ​[saʁɡəmin]; German: About this sound Saargemünd ) is a commune in the Moselle department in Lorraine in north-eastern France.

It is the seat of an arrondissement.

Geography[edit]

Sarreguemines, whose name is a French spelling of the name in local Lorraine-German dialect "Saargemin", meaning "confluence into the Saar", is located at the confluence of the Blies and the Saar, 40 miles (64 km) east of Metz, 60 miles (97 km) northwest of Strasbourg by rail, and at the junction of the lines to Trier and Saarburg. Traditionally Sarreguemines was the head of river navigation on the Saar, its importance being a depot where boats were unloaded.

Administration[edit]

Sarreguemines is the seat of two cantons:

  • Sarreguemines, comprising the commune of Sarreguemines
  • Sarreguemines-Campagne, comprising 21 nearby communes

History[edit]

Sarreguemines, originally a Roman settlement, obtained civic rights early in the 13th century. In 1297 it was ceded by the count of Saarbrücken to the Duke of Lorraine, and passed with Lorraine in 1766 to France.

It was transferred to Germany in 1871, with the Treaty of Frankfurt following the Franco-Prussian War. From 1871 to 1918 it formed part of the German imperial province of Alsace-Lorraine and manufactured plush velvet, leather, porcelain, and earthenware, and was a chief depot for papier-mâché boxes, mostly used for snuffboxes. It was returned to France after World War I.

On December 21–23 1944, the 44th Infantry Division (United States) threw back three attempts by the Germans to cross the Blies River. An aggressive defense of the Sarreguemines area was continued throughout February and most of March 1945.

Notable people[edit]

Sarreguemines was the birthplace of

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]