Sartell, Minnesota

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Sartell, Minnesota
City
Sartell.JPG
Official seal of Sartell, Minnesota
Seal
Motto: "A Great Place To Live"
Location in the state of Minnesota.
Location in the state of Minnesota.
Coordinates: 45°37′13″N 94°12′22″W / 45.62028°N 94.20611°W / 45.62028; -94.20611Coordinates: 45°37′13″N 94°12′22″W / 45.62028°N 94.20611°W / 45.62028; -94.20611
Country United States
State Minnesota
Counties Stearns, Benton
Incorporated 1907[1]
Government
 • Mayor Joe Perske[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 10.05 sq mi (26.03 km2)
 • Land 9.80 sq mi (25.38 km2)
 • Water 0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)
Elevation 1,030 ft (314 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 15,876
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 16,183
 • Density 1,620.0/sq mi (625.5/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 56377
Area code(s) 320
FIPS code 27-58612[6]
GNIS feature ID 0651225[7]
Website www.sartellmn.com

Sartell is a city in Benton and Stearns counties in the U.S. state of Minnesota that straddles both sides of the Mississippi River. It is part of the St. Cloud Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 15,876 at the 2010 census and 16,277 according to 2013 census estimates,[8] making it St. Cloud's most populous suburb and the largest city in the central Minnesota region after St. Cloud.

History[edit]

Winnebago 1846 Reservation, Nicollet's 1843 map.

As the Anishinaabe people moved westward around Lake Superior and into the interior away from the Europeans in the 18th century (1736 to about 1780),[9] they pushed the neighboring Sioux/Dakota people to their west—in present-day Minnesota—farther south and west away from them. By 1820 the Chippewa/Anishinaabe controlled all of northern Minnesota, but raids between them and the Dakota to the south continued. This area later named Sartell was an intertribal no man's land when European French fur-traders and British geographers first descended the Mississippi River from the Anishinaabe north (Jean-Baptiste Perrault 1789,[10] David Thompson 1798), and American explorers ascended the river from the Sioux south (Zebulon Pike 1805, Lewis Cass 1820, Henry Schoolcraft 1832, Joseph Nicollet 1836).

The Watab Creek in Sartell marked part of the border line between the Anishinaabe to the north and the Dakota to the south who had lived farther north and east prior to the westward migrations of the Anishinaabe. This border was legally established by the USA in its 1825 Treaty with the tribes at Prairie du Chien which established a demarcation line between "the Sioux and the Chippewas' "the mouth of the first river which enters the Mississippi on its west side above the mouth of Sac (Sauk) river; thence ascending the said river (above the mouth of Sac river)".[11]

segment of map showing "Winnebago" at mile 2235 of the 1866 Mississippi River ribbon map by Coloney and Fairchild, St Louis.

In 1846, 1,300 Ho-Chunk people were moved to the Sartell area,[12] followed by the Chippewa/Anishinaabe sale of the area north of the Watab River and west of the Mississippi to the USA.[13] In 1848 more members of the Ho-Chunk/Winnebago tribe (related Dakotan speakers) were moved by order of the U.S. government to the mouth of the Watab creek, now called the Long Prairie reservation,[14][15] to serve as a human buffer between the warring Dakota and Anishinaabe.[16] Unhappy living between two warring tribes, the Ho-Chunk lasted less than five years there when some moved again in 1853 to more peaceful territory 50 miles south on the Mississippi, and three years later sold their grist and saw mills[17] and moved south of Mankato. A 100-yard section of the old "Indian Trail" still remains just north of the creek's mouth albeit overgrown. The area was known as 'Winnebago' at the time of the 1866 ribbon map of the Mississippi river.

Sartell got its start as a small American town on the Mississippi River with lumber and a paper company as its main industries. The present site of the city was originally dubbed "The Third Rapids", as it was the third set of rough waters that French fur traders encountered as they traveled north from Saint Anthony Falls in Minneapolis.

Sartell's paper mill, as viewed from the air in 1946.

One of the first white people to settle in the fledgling town was Joseph B. Sartell, who arrived in 1854 and worked as a millwright at a local sawmill. In 1877, he opened a flour mill at the nearby Watab River, and in 1884 he started the Sartell Brothers Lumber Company with his sons.

In 1905, construction began on both the Sartell Pulp and Paper Company and the Sartell Dam across the Mississippi, near the "third rapids". Both were completed in 1907, the dam project having claimed the lives of seven workers. Watab Pulp and Paper was rebuilt and expanded through the years, passing through multiple ownerships and eventually emerging as Verso Paper's Sartell mill, the city's largest employer.

In 1907, residents of the town decided to incorporate. Several influential people felt the town ought to be named Wengert, after a local businessman. But because of Joseph Sartell's many relatives and generous contributions to the community, the town was incorporated as "The Village of Sartell" in his honor. From 1907 until 1973 there was a Sartell on nearly every City Council, the most prominent being Ripley 'Rip' B. Sartell, store owner and mayor for 31 years.

The town continued to grow slowly, developing a number of businesses and a downtown on the east side of the Mississippi along U.S. Route 10. In the 1960s, the highway was rerouted, greatly contributing to the demise of the downtown area. The later construction of the current Sartell Bridge over the Mississippi in the early 1980s replaced the remaining businesses. This and Sartell’s location near St. Cloud's major retail center account for its lack of a traditional "downtown".

Independent School District 748, Sartell-St. Stephen, was created in 1969 because residents wanted to educate their children locally. Despite the lack of a downtown, the city continued to grow at an increasing pace in the 1970s. From 1970 to the present, the city’s population has gone from 700 to over 15,000.[1]

Economy[edit]

Sartell's largest employers have been the paper mill that started in 1907 as Watab Pulp & Paper, became St. Regis Paper Company in 1947, and lastly as Verso Paper Sartell Mill, and DeZurik Water Controls, whose valve production plant is located in Sartell. The city also hosts a number of small businesses, including gas stations, restaurants, grocery stores, and salons.[18] In 2012 the Verso Paper mill was severely damaged by an explosion and, due also to decreasing paper demand, was shut down and sold for parts. More recently the city has begun to urbanize, adding larger chain businesses such as Walmart and Sam's Club in a newly developed area eventually to be the new downtown.

Law and government[edit]

Sartell's city council consists of a mayor and four members elected at large. As of January 2013, Sartell's mayor is Joe Perske and the council members are Steve Hennes, Sarah Jane Nicoll (acting mayor), Amy Braig-Lindstrom, and David Peterson. They possess the authority to pass and enforce ordinances, establish public and administrative policies, create advisory boards and commissions, and manage the city's financial operations, including preparing a budget, auditing expenditures, and transacting other city business as required by law. The City Council also appoints a City Administrator, who oversees the daily operation of the city and implements the policies of the Council.[2]

City recreational facilities include 24 parks, miles of paved walking paths, playgrounds, a bike lane, tennis courts, baseball and soccer fields, ice rinks, a golf course and a wading pool.[19][20]

Religion[edit]

The Sartell family was largely Presbyterian, and helped organize the first church in the town, Riverside Presbyterian, on the west bank of the Mississippi River and approximately one mile north of the town's (then) sole stop-sign, to serve the Sunday interests of local Protestants. Saint Francis Xavier Church, Roman Catholic, was founded in 1948, named after Francis Xavier Pierz, a Slovenian missionary to Native Americans in the area, and largely responsible for attracting the large population of Slovenian, Polish, Bohemian, Slovakian and especially German farmers to the area and their annual bouja stand.

Transportation[edit]

Transportation to and from Sartell is limited to surface roads, mainly U.S. Route 10 and Minnesota State Highway 15, both of which pass along the outskirts of the city. St. Cloud Metro Bus service runs to destinations in Sartell and neighboring Sauk Rapids and St. Cloud. A rail line passes through town but serves the city only as freight transportation for the Verso Sartell Paper Mill.

The city's proximity to St. Cloud allows for convenient access to St. Cloud Regional Airport, as well as the city's Amtrak and Greyhound stations.

The dams along the Mississippi River and the waterway's relatively shallow depth render it useless for anything more than recreational watercraft traffic. Sartell's location on the river facilitated the construction of the Old Sartell Bridge in 1914, which was replaced by the current Sartell Bridge in 1984.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.05 square miles (26.03 km2); 9.80 square miles (25.38 km2) is land and 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2) is water.[3]

U.S. Route 10, Minnesota State Highway 15, and County 1 are three of the main routes in Sartell. Other nearby routes in the St. Cloud area include Interstate 94, Minnesota State Highway 23, and County 75. Sartell is immediately north of the city of St. Cloud.

The city is situated on the Mississippi River with the surrounding undeveloped property composed mainly of woodlands and farmland.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 240
1920 510 112.5%
1930 521 2.2%
1940 532 2.1%
1950 662 24.4%
1960 791 19.5%
1970 1,323 67.3%
1980 3,427 159.0%
1990 5,393 57.4%
2000 9,641 78.8%
2010 15,876 64.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 15,876 people, 5,859 households, and 4,060 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,620.0 inhabitants per square mile (625.5 /km2). There were 6,123 housing units at an average density of 624.8 per square mile (241.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.5% White, 0.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 5,859 households of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.7% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.16.

The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 30.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.9% were from 25 to 44; 20.8% were from 45 to 64; and 10.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000,[21] there were 9,641 people, 3,443 households, and 2,513 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,633.9 persons per square mile (630.9/km²). There were 3,531 housing units at an average density of 598.4 per square mile (231.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.42% White, 0.29% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

There were 3,443 households out of which 46.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 35.5% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $52,531, and the median income for a family was $61,056. Males had a median income of $39,834 versus $27,476 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,667. About 3.0% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The History of Sartell". City of Sartell website. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Council, Mayor & Terms". City of Sartell website. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  9. ^ Hickerson, Harold (1962). "The Southwestern Chippewa: an Ethnohistorical Study". American Anthropological Association. Memoir 92. 
  10. ^ "Minnesota Fur-Trading Posts 1930 pp 374-5". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  11. ^ "1825 Treaty with the Sioux and Chippewa, Sacs and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Sioux, Winnebago, and a portion of the Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawattomie, Tribes; at Prairie des Chiens". Oklahoma State University Library. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  12. ^ "Ho-Chunk timeline". Ho-Chunk Nation, Wisconsin. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  13. ^ "1847 US Treaty with Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior". Oklahoma State University Library. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  14. ^ "North Country: The Making of Minnesota by Mary Lethert Winger". U of Minnesota Press 2010 p220. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  15. ^ "The failed Watab treaty of 1853 by Edward J. Pluth". Minnesota Historical Society 2000 p3. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  16. ^ "Fort Atkinson, Iowa military records". University of Iowa Libraries. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  17. ^ "1855 USA Treaty with the Winnebago". Oklahoma State University Library. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  18. ^ "Sartell Chamber of Commerce". Sartell Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  19. ^ "Parks". City of Sartell website. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  20. ^ "Park Amenities". City of Sartell. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  21. ^ "Demographic data for Sartell city, MN" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau CenStats Database 2000. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 

External links[edit]