Sarukhan, Bey of Magnesia

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Silver gigliato of Sarukhan Beg bin Alpagi, 1313-1348, ruler of Lydia, western Turkey. This is an imitation of a coin of Robert I of Anjou, king of Naples (1309-1343).

Sarukhan bin Alpagi[citation needed] (1300/1301–1345/1346) was a Turkish Bey of Magnesia (present-day Manisa, Turkey).[1]

Sarukhan was a Turkish Emir who is remembered for his conquest in the Anatolian Peninsula. In 1313, he occupied Thyatira (present-day Akhisar, Manisa Province), and then left his name "Saruhan" to the region he had occupied, becoming an independent ruler and transmitting the region to his descendants.[2]

At one point in 1336, Sarukhan formed an alliance with the Byzantine Emperor Andronicus the Younger, and supported him militarily in two sieges against the Genoese, in Mytilene and Phocaea.[3] In 1341 however he attacked Constantinople with a fleet, but was repulsed around the Chersonesus in 1341.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The new Islamic dynasties: a chronological and genealogical manual (Edinburgh: University Press, 2004), p.220
  2. ^ A History of the Ottoman Empire to 1730, edited by M.A. Cook (Cambridge: University Press, 1976), p.16
  3. ^ a b Samuel Jacob, History of the Ottoman Empire, (London, 1854), p.308