Sasaram

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Sasaram
सासाराम
City
sasaram city
A view of A view of shershah suri tomb
Sasaram is located in Bihar
Sasaram
Sasaram
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 24°57′N 84°02′E / 24.95°N 84.03°E / 24.95; 84.03Coordinates: 24°57′N 84°02′E / 24.95°N 84.03°E / 24.95; 84.03
Country  India
State Bihar
Region Shahabad
Division Patna Division
District Rohtas
Ward 40
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Sasaram Municipality
 • Chairman Nazia Begum
Elevation 150 m (490 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 150,042
 • Rank 250th
Demonym Sasaramite
Languages
 • Official Bhojpuri, Hindi, English, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 821115
Telephone code 91-6184
Vehicle registration BR 24
Railway Station Sasaram Junction
Website rohtas.bih.nic.in

Sasaram (Hindi: सासाराम, Urdu: سسرام‎), sometimes also spelled as Sasseram or Sahasram, is the administrative headquarters of the Rohtas district in the Indian state of Bihar.

It is famous for production of stone chips, and for quarrying industry. Major languages spoken in this region are Bhojpuri, Hindi, and Urdu; local religions include Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism.

History[edit]

Sasaram is the birthplace of the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, who ruled over Delhi, much of northern India, what is now Pakistan, and eastern Afghanistan for five years, after defeating the Mughal Emperor Humayun. After his death, he was followed as king by his son Islam Shah, then Adil Shah, and finally by the Hindu king Hemu, or Hem Chandra Vikramaditya. Many of Sher Shah Suri's practices were adopted by the Mughals and the British Raj including taxation, administration, and the building of a paved road from Kabul to Bengal.

Sher Shah Suri's 122 feet (37 m) red sandstone tomb, built in the Indo-Afghan style stands in the middle of an artificial lake at Sasaram. It borrows heavily from the Lodhi style, and was once covered in blue and yellow glazed tiles indicating an Iranian influence. The massive free standing dome also has an aesthetic aspect of the Bhuddhist stupa style of the Mauryan period. The tomb of Sher Shah's father Hasan Khan Suri is also at Sasaram, and stands in the middle of green field at Sherganj, which is known as Sukha Rauza.

Sasaram also has a baulia, a pool used by the emperor's consorts for bathing.

The Rohtasgarh fort

The fort of Sher Shah Suri at Rohtasgarh is in Sasaram. This fort has a history dating back to 7th century AD. It was built by Raja Harishchandra in the name of his son Rohitashwa, and houses the Churasan temple, Ganesh temple, diwan-e khas, diwan-e-aam, and various other structures dating back to different centuries. The fort also served as the headquarters of Raja Man Singh during his reign as the governor of Bihar and Bengal under the regime of Akbar. The Rohtaas fort in Bihar should not be confused with another fort of the same name, near Jhelum, Punjab, in what is now Pakistan. The Rohtaas fort in Sasaram was also built by Sher Shah Suri, during the period when Humayun was exiled from Hindustan.

Sasaram is the site of the Maa Tara Chandi Temple, and of the Kaimur mountain. There are also two waterfalls; the Mazhar Kund and Dhua Kund. A fair is organized at these places every year, after a day of Raksha Bandhan. The two waterfalls have enough capacity to generate 50-100 MW of electricity, if utilized properly.

Rohtas, south of Sasaram, is known to have been the residence of one Satyawadi Raja Harischandra, and is named for his son, Rohitashwa. Sasaram is also famous for the Samrat Ashok pillar (one of the thirteen laghu shilalekh), situated in a small cave of Kaimur hill, near Chandan Shaheed.

' Samadhi' of Shree Shree 1008 Shree Swami ' Parmeshwara Nand Ji Maharaj ' , also known as Adwait Ashram, Dakshin Kutia, Situated in Parampuri (Raipur Chaur) 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Sasaram. It (Adwait Ashram) has nearabout 24 branches over Country in many states. The headquarters is in Sasaram.

Samadhi of Shree Shree 108 Shree Swami 'Paramgayanand Puri Ji' Maharaj is situated in Parampuri (raipurchoure) 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Sasaram, and is also known as Navlakha Ashram.

Babu Nishan Singh who was the general of Babu Kunwar Singh's army fighting against the British during the 1857 GADAR freedom struggle, came from Sasaram.

Jainath Bhawan is a grand mansion built by a magistrate named Babu Harihar Prasad Verma, and his wife Uma Devi Verma, in 1945. The mansion is named for Babu Jainath Prasad, who was a Zamindar and the first lawyer to practice in English[vague]. A secondary school founded by Uma Devi Verma, named Harihar Uma Madhyamik Vidyalaya, still runs at the Meyari Bazar, although it is now administered by the government.

Tomb of Sher Shah Suri[edit]

Coordinates: 24°56′N 84°01′E / 24.933°N 84.017°E / 24.933; 84.017

This site is included in UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Tentative list.[1]

The tomb of Shershah Suri at Sasaram is an imposing structure of stone standing in the middle of a fine tank and rising from a large stone terrace. This terrace rests obliquely on a platform with a flight of steps leading to the water's edge. The upper terrace is enclosed by a battlemented parapet wall with octagonal domed chambers at four corners, two small projecting pillared balconies on each of its four sides and pierced with a doorway in the east forms the only approach to the tomb. In the middle of the upper terrace stands the building of the mausoleum on a low octagonal plinth. The building consists of a very large octagonal chamber surrounded by a wide verandah on al the four sides. Internally, the verandah is covered by a series of 24 small domes, each supported on four arches but as the roof is a pillared cupola adorned by panels of white glazed tiles now much discoloured. The tomb chamber has three lofty arches on each of the eight sides. They rise 22 feet higher than the verandah roof and support the magnificent and lofty dome which is one of the largest domes in India. Surrounding the main dome are eight pillared cupolas on the corners of the octagon of the chamber walls. The interior of the tomb is sufficiently well ventilated and lighted through large windows on the top portion of the walls fitted with stone jalis in varying patterns. The jambs and spandrils of the arch of the mihrab on the western wall were once profusely adorned with verses from the Quran and inscriptions, with glazed tiles of various colours arranged in geometrical patterns and with beautiful floral carvings in stone enclosed in enamel borders. Much of this decoration has vanished already. Traces of similar decoration in enamel or glazed tile works are also to be scen on the interior of the dome, the walls and the cupolas on the outside. In a small arched recess above the mihrab on the outside wall is an inscription in two lines recording the completion of the tomb by his son and successor Salim or Islam Shah, some 3 months after the death of Sher Shah who died in A.H. 952 (A.D.1545). It is second largest dome of India.

Geography[edit]

Sasaram is located at 24°57′N 84°02′E / 24.95°N 84.03°E / 24.95; 84.03.[2] It has an average elevation of 200 metres (660 ft).

Climate[edit]

As sasaram is surrounded by hills from two sides and so the climate of Sasaram is seasonable (means in winter it is too cold and in summer it is too hot). Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[3]

Climate data for sasaram, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.2
(0.756)
21.2
(0.835)
14.3
(0.563)
7.6
(0.299)
12.2
(0.48)
120.9
(4.76)
297.5
(11.713)
326.2
(12.843)
181.5
(7.146)
50.9
(2.004)
10.2
(0.402)
3.6
(0.142)
1,065.3
(41.943)
Source: Weatherbase[4]

Connectivity and transportation[edit]

Sasaram is well connected both by road and railway. The NH2 (Grand Trunk Road) passes through the city. The main mode of local transportation are buses operated by both private operators and the state government. The private buses are more frequent and connect to most of the local bazaars. However, some remote areas still use horse carts and bullock carts. Around all of the villages in Rohtas district have only paved roads.

Sasaram Railway Junction[edit]

Sasaram has a railway station which is located in the centre of the city on the Grand Trunk Road. The railway route through Sasaram is the Grand Chord line of Indian Railways, connecting Kolkata and New Delhi, and has three railway tracks running in parallel. Another railway line connects Sasaram Junction to Patna Junction via Ara. Sasaram station is about 100 kilometres (62 mi), or two and a half hours journey from Varanasi, and a similar distance from BodhGaya, the most sacred place in Buddhism. Trains run from Sasaram to Kolkata, New Delhi, and Bombay. The trains which stop in Sasaram include the Kalka Mail, Purushottam Exp, Mahabodhi Exp, Ranchi Garib Rath, Kolkata Mail, Jodhpur Exp, and Chambal Exp. Also a weekly AC train has been started from Sasaram to Anand vihar(New Delhi) in July 2011 {22409/22410- Sasaram - ANVT AC Express}.

Time Table[edit]

Education[edit]

Bihar has among the lowest rates of literacy in India, but Sasaram doesn't share this trend and it is the second most literate city. Due to the lack of sources of employment, students of higher education often choose to migrate to other cities in search of employment. There are four government colleges, but no university, and most of the students prefer to go to more developed cities, such as New Delhi, Patna and Varanasi for higher education. However, there has been increase in literacy rate under the governance of Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister of Bihar; and Sasaram is the second most literate city in Bihar, which in turn has made Rohtas the most literate district in Bihar.

Medical colleges[edit]

  • Mahatma Phule Medical College and Hospital (under construction) in Muradabad, sasaram. Founder of this college is Shri Kameshwar Singh. He is a dynamic person and a great philanthropist. He is also associated with a famous Kushwaha Sabha Bhawan, Sasaram.

Engineering College[edit]

  • College of Engineering and Management Sasaram

Law College[edit]

  • Rohtas Law College[10]

Government Colleges (Science/Arts/Commerce)[edit]

  • Sri Shankar College
  • Shanti Prasad Jain College
  • Sher shah Suri College
  • Rohtas Mahila MahaVidyalaya

Private Colleges[edit]

  • Audhut Bhagwan Ram Mhavidayalaya
  • Swami Shivanand Ji Tirth Mahavidyalaya

Inter Colleges and High Schools[edit]

  • A.I CLASSES(coaching institute), New Area, SASARAM[11]
  • shri Guruteg Bhadur Vidyaniketan MahajanToli ssm
  • D.A.V. Public School
  • Gyan Bharti Public School
  • Sri Shankar Rajkiya Inter College[12]
  • M. P. Town High school, Adda Road
  • Rama Rani Jain High School (for girls), Chaukhandi
  • High School, Rameshwar Ganj
  • High School Chaukhandi Path, Rauza Road
  • St. Shivanand Acaedmy, Gola
  • Pragya Niketan Public School(Affiliated to CBSE New Delhi)
  • St. Michael's Academy, Fazalganj
  • ABR Foundation School
  • Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Academy
  • Rajendra Vidyalaya, Gaurakshni
  • Maa Sharde Siksha Mandir Karan Sarai.
  • Bal Vikas Vidyalaya, Rauza Road
  • St. Paul's school, G.T. Road[13]
  • Reza Acaedmy, Mandai
  • Bal Bharati Public School, Civil Lines, G.T. Road
  • St. Xavier School
  • Bright Career Academy
  • Oxford spoken centre, Near ojha town hall sasaram(Ram Janki market)
  • st jelani school shahjuma (shergunj)
  • Millat Urdu High School - Shahjuma
  • Iqra Acaedmy, Chauwkhandi
  • SIDDHARTH PUBLIC SCHOOL, NEW AREA
  • Little star public school, Sarai road
  • K.G.N ACADEMY KARAN SARAI. SASARAM
  • The Education's Hub(a prime coaching center, Fazalganj, Sasaram)
  • ITRC Computer Education, Fazalganj, Sasaram
  • Busra Acaedmy, baradih
  • August ideal school, Sasaram
  • Rudra Group Of Education,Street No 11 F,Santoshi maa path,Gaurakshani,Sasaram(Coaching Institute Class 1 to 12 CBSE/BSEB, Computer Courses,Competitive Courses,English Spoken,Nursury Teacher Training Course And All University Courses.[14]

Notable persons[edit]

IT and e-governance[edit]

The eK iosk (Sahaj Vasudha Kendra, Jamuhar) i.e. CSC

SAHAJ Vasudha Kendra, the first Comman Service Centre, or eKiosk, in Rohtas District was inaugurated in Jamuhar village on 15 August 2008. The centre is currently planning to start a Block information Centre, e-district plan, and SWAN.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[19] Sasaram had a population of 131,042. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sasaram has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 58%. In Sasaram, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

The closure of the industries of the Dalmia group, at Dalmianagar resulted in widespread unemployment. Sasaram's economy is mainly driven by agriculture and related industries like rice polishing. Canal irrigation system is also very prominent in this area. Because of the fertile land around the town it is a local trading center for food grains, agricultural products, and agricultural equipment. The region is also known as Dhan Ka Katora, meaning "a bowl of food grains". The rice grown near Sasaram is sold in the markets of Kolkata and New Delhi. The only significant industry is rock quarrying.


Revive Remedies: Revive Remedies is established in Muradabad by Mr. Pankaj Kumar Singh and Mr. Jayprakash Singh in 2013. This company is totally dedicated to people. Objective of this company is social service to develop Bihar and India.

Banks[edit]

1.STATE BANK OF INDIA 2.BANK OF INDIA 3.BANK OF BARODA 4.UCO BANK 5.PUNJAB NATIONAL BANK 6.CENTRAL BANK OF INDIA 7.CANARA BANK 8.UNITED BANK OF INDIA 9.UNION BANK OF INDIA 10.MADHYA BIHAR GRAMIN BANK 11.INDIAN OVERSEAS BANK 13.SYNDICATE BANK 14.IDBI BANK 15.AXIS BANK 16.ICICI BANK 17.ALLAHABAD BANK 18.HDFC BANK

Atm[edit]

STATE BANK OF INDIA - 05 PUNJAB NATIONAL BANK - 05 AXIS BANK - 05 ICICI BANK- 01 CANARA BANK- 01 BANK OF BARODA- 01 UNION BANK OF INDIA- 01 UNITED BANK OF INDIA- 01 UCO BANK- 01 IDBI BANK- 02 HDFC BANK- 02 INDIAN OVERSEAS BANK- 01 ALLAHABAD BANK- 01 SYNDICATE BANK- 01

Malls and Stores[edit]

There is a V-MART store in sasaram situated in parmila complex at gaurakshani on sasaram-ara road

Lok Sabha Constituency[edit]

Sasaram (Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 40 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Bihar state in eastern India. The following is the list of the Members of Parliament elected from this Lok Sabha constituency:[20]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Sasaram travel guide from Wikivoyage