Saskylakh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Saskylakh (English)
Саскылах (Russian)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Saskylakh is located in Sakha Republic
Saskylakh
Saskylakh
Location of Saskylakh in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 71°57′55″N 114°05′32″E / 71.96528°N 114.09222°E / 71.96528; 114.09222Coordinates: 71°57′55″N 114°05′32″E / 71.96528°N 114.09222°E / 71.96528; 114.09222
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Anabarsky District[1]
Rural okrug Saskylakhsky National (Evenk) Rural Okrug[1]
Administrative center of Saskylakhsky National (Evenk)Rural Okrug[1]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Anabarsky Municipal District[2]
Rural settlement Saskylakhsky National (Evenk) Rural Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Saskylakhsky National (Evenk) Rural Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 2,317 inhabitants[3][4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[5]
Founded 1930[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 678440

Saskylakh (Russian: Саскылах) is a rural locality (a selo), the only inhabited locality, and the administrative center of Saskylakhsky National (Evenk) Rural Okrug of Allaikhovsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, of which it is also the administrative center. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 2,317,[3][4] of whom 1,116 were male and 1,201 female, up from 1,985 recorded during the 2002 Census.[1] Historical populations include: 1,985 (2002 Census);[7] 1,856 (1989 Census).[8]

Geography[edit]

Saskylakh lies on the right bank of the Anabar River, on which it is one of the main ports.

History[edit]

The village was founded in 1930 as part of Soviet efforts to settle the nomadic Yakuts, Evenks and Dolgans who lived in the area.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

There are no year-round roads leading to the village, although there is a winter road which leads to Olenyok and then further south to Udachny, 600 km from Saskylakh. In the opposite direction, the road also continues downstream along the Anabar to Yuryung-Khaya.

There is also a small airport a few kilometres south of the village.

Climate[edit]

Despite lying well inside the Arctic Circle, Saskylakh has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc)[9] with very short, mild summers and severely cold winters. Precipitation is moderate; it falls mostly as rain in summer and mainly as snow throughout the rest of the year.

Climate data for Saskylakh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −8.0
(17.6)
−6.2
(20.8)
2.5
(36.5)
9.8
(49.6)
14.1
(57.4)
29.5
(85.1)
32.2
(90)
33.0
(91.4)
24.0
(75.2)
11.0
(51.8)
1.4
(34.5)
0.2
(32.4)
33.0
(91.4)
Average high °C (°F) −31.5
(−24.7)
−31.3
(−24.3)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−14.3
(6.3)
−4.1
(24.6)
9.3
(48.7)
16.1
(61)
12.9
(55.2)
4.5
(40.1)
−10.5
(13.1)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−28.9
(−20)
−11.3
(11.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −34.5
(−30.1)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−7.3
(18.9)
6.1
(43)
12.0
(53.6)
9.2
(48.6)
1.6
(34.9)
−13.5
(7.7)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−32.1
(−25.8)
−14.6
(5.7)
Average low °C (°F) −38.2
(−36.8)
−38.2
(−36.8)
−33.0
(−27.4)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−11.9
(10.6)
2.0
(35.6)
6.7
(44.1)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
−17.0
(1.4)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−36.1
(−33)
−19.0
(−2.2)
Record low °C (°F) −58.8
(−73.8)
−59.9
(−75.8)
−54.7
(−66.5)
−46.8
(−52.2)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−13.6
(7.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−7.0
(19.4)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−40.0
(−40)
−50.4
(−58.7)
−53.6
(−64.5)
−59.9
(−75.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 21.0
(0.827)
20.3
(0.799)
16.4
(0.646)
35.7
(1.406)
64.1
(2.524)
105.9
(4.169)
73.8
(2.906)
88.7
(3.492)
61.1
(2.406)
88.6
(3.488)
30.3
(1.193)
20.6
(0.811)
626.5
(24.665)
Avg. precipitation days 16.6 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.7 14.0 14.0 15.4 16.4 21.4 18.0 16.0 193.5
 % humidity 74.4 73.3 74.2 74.8 78.1 71.3 71.9 79.2 83.8 83.7 78.4 75.1 76.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0.0 11.2 133.3 246.0 204.6 249.0 251.1 145.7 51.0 12.4 0.0 0.0 1,304.3
Source: climatebase.ru (1957-2011)[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c Law #173-Z 353-III
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b This figure is given for Saskylakhsky National (Evenk) Rural Settlement, a municipal formation of Allaikhovsky Municipal District. According to Law #173-Z 353-III, Saskylakh is the only inhabited locality on the territory of this municipal formation.
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ McKnight and Hess, pp.232-5
  10. ^ "Saskylah, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved , 2012.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Anabarsky District. (Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0.