Saataa means "sugar", while andaagii means "deep fried" ("oil" (anda) + "fried" (agii)) in Okinawan (satō and abura-age in Japanese.) It is also known as saataa andagii and saataa anragii.
Sata andagi are a part of Okinawan cuisine. Like most confectionery from the Ryukyu Islands, the techniques for making them are descended from a combination of Chinese and Japanese techniques, although other sources say it simply is a derivative of a Chinese dish. They are typically prepared so that the outside is crispy and browned while the inside is light and cake-like.