Parasitic cone

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Parasitic cones at Mount Etna, Sicily

A parasitic cone (or satellite cone) is the cone-shaped accumulation of volcanic material not part of the central vent of a volcano. It forms from eruptions from fractures on the flank of the volcano. These fractures occur because the flank of the volcano is unstable. Eventually, the fractures reach the magma chamber and generate eruptions called flank eruptions, which, in turn, produce a parasitic cone.[1]

A parasitic cone can also be formed from a dike or sill cutting up to the surface from the central magma chamber in an area different from the central vent.[2]

An example of parasitic cone is Mount Scott, which is the "parasite" of Mount Mazama in Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, USA.[citation needed]

A peculiar example of multiple parasitic cones is Jeju Island in South Korea. Jeju features 368 "oreum" (오름; "mount"), which lie in a roughly lateral line on either side of the island's central dormant shield volcano Hallasan.

Another great example of a parasitic cone is Shastina, which appears to grow off the side of Mount Shasta.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How Volcanoes Work-Volcano Types". San Diego State University Department of Geologic Sciences. 
  2. ^ Rosi, Mauro; Papale, Paolo; Lupi, Luca; Stoppato, Marco (2003). Volcanoes, a Firefly Guide. Firefly Books. ISBN 1-55297-683-1. 

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