Saticoy, California

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Saticoy
census-designated place
Saticoy.JPG
Saticoy is located in California
Saticoy
Saticoy
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 34°16′57″N 119°8′56″W / 34.28250°N 119.14889°W / 34.28250; -119.14889Coordinates: 34°16′57″N 119°8′56″W / 34.28250°N 119.14889°W / 34.28250; -119.14889
Country  United States
State  California
County Ventura
Town established 1861
Named for Chumash name:
Sa'aqtik'oy, "it is sheltered from the wind" [1]
Government
 • Type N/A
 • Senate Tony Strickland (R)
 • Assembly Pedro Nava (D)
 • U. S. Congress Julia Brownley (D)[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 0.373 sq mi (0.965 km2)
 • Land 0.373 sq mi (0.965 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[4] 144 ft (44 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,029
 • Density 2,800/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 93004
Area code(s) 805
FIPS code 06-84858
GNIS feature IDs 2585446[4]

Saticoy is an unincorporated town and census-designated place (CDP)[4] in Ventura County, California. The name comes from the Chumash village named Sa'aqtik'oy (Chumash language: "it is sheltered from the wind").[5] The commercial district known as Old Town Saticoy is surrounded by a stable residential neighborhood with a population of just over one thousand. South towards the Santa Clara River[6] is a sizable industrial area located on both sides of State Route 118.[7] The settlement was laid out in 1887 along the railroad line that was being built from Los Angeles through the Santa Clara River Valley on the east towards the town of San Buenaventura on the coast.[8] Two historic buildings attest to the important role Saticoy once held in the local agricultural economy: Walnut Growers Association Warehouse, and Saticoy Bean Warehouse.[9] The historic building that formerly housed the Farmers & Merchants Bank of Santa Paula, Saticoy Branch, stands at a quiet intersection that used to be at the center of a vibrant community.[10] The historic setting, stable residential population, railroad, and access to major highways make this community unique in Ventura County.[10]

Saticoy is near an apex of this compound alluvial fan formed by the river and Calleguas Creek.[11] The Santa Clara River Valley opens up into the Oxnard Plain here as South Mountain[12] on the south shore marks the end of the valley. Located on the fertile north bank of the Santa Clara River the shore of the Santa Barbara Channel is some 8 miles distant. Agriculture in the area includes avocados, lemons, oranges, strawberries, and many other row crops. Along the shore of the Santa Clara River, amidst the agriculture area east and northeast of the town, is the Saticoy Oil Field, discovered in 1955 and operated by Vintage Petroleum.[13]

The community is southeast of the Santa Paula Freeway (State Route 126), and at the east end of the city of Ventura. While formerly following a zig-zag route through the business district, State Route 118 now curves through the southerly portion of the townsite. Heading northwest to terminate at State Route 126, the highway is named Wells Road. Los Angeles Avenue is the name given to the highway as it heads east to connect with State Route 232.

History[edit]

The earliest known human inhabitants of the vicinity were the Oak Grove People. Some ancient mealing stones of this prehistoric tribe were found near Saticoy in 1932 and traced back to about 3000 B.C. In about the early 15th century, the Chumash tribe inhabited the area. They built canoes and milled the acorns.[14]

Sa'aqtik'oy was one of the largest settlements of the Chumash region, which extended from Point Conception to Santa Monica and back into the foothills as far as the Coast Range.[15] The natural underground springs located in the area made Saticoy a prime location for the tribe to hold their yearly meetings.

In 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition, first recorded European visitors to inland areas of California, came down the valley from the previous night's encampment near today's Santa Paula and camped in the vicinity of Saticoy on August 13. Fray Juan Crespi, a Franciscan missionary travelling with the expedition, noted that the party travelled about 6-7 miles that day and camped near a native village "composed of twenty houses made of grass, in a spherical form, like a half orange, with a vent at the top by which the light enters and the smoke goes out.".[16]

Saticoy lies within the vast 17,773-acre (72 km2) Rancho Santa Paula y Saticoy granted to Manuel Jimeno Casarin on April 28, 1840 by the Mexican government.[17]

In November 1861, Jefferson L. Crane settled at the site of the Chumash village, and other Americans followed soon after. Saticoy, which was then 8 miles (13 km) from Ventura, had a school as early as 1868. W.D.F. Richards, considered the founder of Saticoy, arrived in 1868, and bought 650 acres (2.6 km2) of land. He contributed to the upbuilding of the community and followed many experiments in farming.[18](p217)

The Saticoy Post Office was established in 1873 by the U.S. Post Office Department[19] which was one of seventeen post offices operating in the county in 1890.[18](p194)[note 1] R. G. Surdam was listed on the 1880 census for Saticoy with the occupation of real estate agent.[20] He is known as the founder of the towns of Ojai and Bardsdale and for working with Thomas Bard to build the Hueneme wharf.

The streets and lots in the unincorporated present day "Old Town" were laid out in September 1887 on both sides of the newly opened "Southern Pacific Branch Line: Saugus to Santa Barbara."[8] An area west of Wells Road for which another map entitled "Town of Saticoy" was filed as a competing subdivision to benefit from the new railroad.[21] Through the 1800s and early 1900s, very little development occurred in West Saticoy but the "Old Town" area flourished as a small center of the region’s citrus, bean and other produce production.[22] Rail passenger service stopped in 1934.[22]

The community of West Saticoy[23] did develop a small community just west of the "School Lot" as shown on the map. Saticoy School was built on the lot in 1900.[24] The school is now called ATLAS Elementary: Academy of Technology and Leadership at Saticoy and is part of the Ventura Unified School District.[25] This alternative townsite, on the other side of the Brown Barranca[26] from the railroad station, was located on the main road to San Buenaventura. That distant town, incorporated in 1866, has grown so that all of Saticoy, except for "Old Town," has been annexed into the City of Ventura.

Saticoy Depot

There have been many bridges across the Santa Clara River at Saticoy.[27] They were often washed out due to abundant rainfall and flooding.[28] The most notable washout, however, was due to the flood wave of water caused by the collapse of the St. Francis Dam, in northwest Los Angeles County, which occurred two and a half minutes before midnight on March 12, 1928. The bridge was washed out again in the flood of 1969, and cars were rerouted through the riverbed east of the bridge while it was under repair.

Cabrillo Village[edit]

A "lengthy confrontation in the 1970s between farmworkers who lived at a rundown labor camp"[29] located between the river and the railroad track, about equidistant from "Old Town" and West Saticoy. "The growers wanted to raze the cramped homes for development." The confrontation "ended in 1976, when "82 farmworker families," advised by affordable housing advocate Rodney Fernandez, "pitched in and bought their deteriorating cottages from the Saticoy Lemon Assn.[30] It was perhaps the first time that U.S. farmworkers had purchased the camp they lived in."[31] [32] [33] In 1989 Cabrillo Village was selected as a finalist for the Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence.[34]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[35] reported that Saticoy had a population of 1,029. The population density was 2,760.7 people per square mile (1,065.9/km²). The racial makeup of Saticoy was 413 (40.1%) White, 9 (0.9%) African American, 29 (2.8%) Native American, 2 (0.2%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 508 (49.4%) from other races, and 68 (6.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 895 persons (87.0%).

The Census reported that 1,029 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 262 households, out of which 145 (55.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 130 (49.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 59 (22.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 33 (12.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 22 (8.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 3 (1.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 29 households (11.1%) were made up of individuals and 9 (3.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.93. There were 222 families (84.7% of all households); the average family size was 4.08.

The population was spread out with 331 people (32.2%) under the age of 18, 133 people (12.9%) aged 18 to 24, 297 people (28.9%) aged 25 to 44, 177 people (17.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 91 people (8.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.0 years. For every 100 females there were 109.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.5 males.

There were 278 housing units at an average density of 745.8 per square mile (288.0/km²), of which 94 (35.9%) were owner-occupied, and 168 (64.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.1%. 365 people (35.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 664 people (64.5%) lived in rental housing units.

Disadvantaged unincorporated community[edit]

The Ventura County Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCo) determined in March 2012 that this unincorporated CDP with an estimated 2010 median household income of $34,145 was a "disadvantaged unincorporated community" (DUC) under the state definition of an annual median household income that is less than 80 percent of the statewide annual median household income. Under state law, LAFCOs are required to make determinations regarding DUCs and an adjacent city's "Sphere of Influence" (SOI) and possible annexation restrictions of territory.[note 2] SOIs demark the territory that represents the appropriate and probable future jurisdictional boundary and service area of the subject city. Old Town Saticoy is within the city of Ventura's SOI and under state law, annexation would be mandatory before any other development areas are annexed. LAFCo determined that annexation at this time is not appropriate as the City would have to subsidize Saticoy to provide services that are incrementally better than the county now provides.[36]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Post Offices in Ventura, Hueneme, Santa Paula, Saticoy, and Nordoff provided money order service (Ventura also handled International exchange). Ventura County settlements with a Post Office in 1890 also included Bardsdale, Camulos, Fillmore, Matilija, Montalvo, Newbury Park, New Jerusalem, Piru City, Punta Gorda, Simi, Springville, and Timberville.
  2. ^ California Senate Bill 244 requires that the complex legal, financial, and political barriers that contribute to regional inequity and infrastructure deficits within disadvantaged unincorporated communities be examined. Including these communities in the long range planning of a city or county, as required by SB 244, will result in a more efficient delivery system of services and infrastructure including but not limited to sewer, water, and structural fire protection. In turn, investment in these services and infrastructure will result in the enhancement and protection of public health and safety for these communities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCall, Lynne; Perry, Rosalind (2002). California’s Chumash Indians : a project of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Education Center (Revised edition ed.). San Luis Obispo, Calif: EZ Nature Books. ISBN 0936784156. 
  2. ^ "California's 26th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Saticoy, California
  5. ^ "Chumash Placenames Still Surviving". Samala Chumash Language Tutorial. Retrieved 2009-05-24. 
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Santa Clara River
  7. ^ Martinez, Arlene (March 6, 2014) "Saticoy's future takes a step forward — on paper anyway" Ventura County Star
  8. ^ a b "TOWN OF SATICOY" 3 MR 20. Ventura County Recorder Surveyed Sep. 1887, Recorded May 1, 1889. Retrieved October 28, 2013 from CountyView GIS: layer "Record Maps"
  9. ^ City of Ventura "Saticoy and Wells Community Plan and Code Final Environmental Impact Report" EIR-2473 SCH# 2006081139. VOLUME 1, August 2009
  10. ^ a b Staff Report (March 6, 2014) "Planning Commission Workshop on the Saticoy Area Plan" County of Ventura, Resource Management Agency, Planning Division
  11. ^ Thomas, H. E., and Others (1962) "Effects of Drought Along Pacific Coast in California: 1942-56" Geological Survey Professional Paper, Volume 372-G. United States Department of the Interior
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: South Mountain
  13. ^ "Feasibility Study Pursuant to Senate Bill 244 for Unincorporated Saticoy" City of Ventura. 2013. Section V. History of Saticoy. Page 10 (PDF p.12)
  14. ^ "Relics Labeled Ancient Races --- Mealing Stones at Saticoy Traced by Expert --- Curator Places Age at More Than 5000 Years --- Oak Grove People Declared Owners of Metates." Los Angeles Times. May 20, 1932, from Ventura May 19. p. 6.
  15. ^ "Indian Mealing Stones Found At West Saticoy." Los Angeles Times. May 3, 1932. p. A 16.
  16. ^ Bolton, Herbert E. (1927). Fray Juan Crespi: Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774. HathiTrust Digital Library. p. 157. Retrieved April 2014. 
  17. ^ "Spanish and Mexican Land Grants in Ventura County". Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  18. ^ a b Storke, Mrs. Yda Addis (1891). A Memorial and Biographical History of the Counties of Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo And Ventura, California. Chicago: Lewis. 
  19. ^ "Saticoy [Ventura]". Durham's Place-Names of Greater Los Angeles: Includes Los Angeles, Orange and Ventura Counties. 2001. p. 161.
  20. ^ 1880 Ventura Co., CA, U.S. Federal Census, Saticoy Township, June 8 & 9, Sheet 3, Page 239 A, enumerated in household of Lines 28 & 29, Edward & Elizabeth Williams, Line 34, Royce Surdam, White, Male, 45, Boarder, Single, Real Estate Agt., NY, NY [sic], NY [sic].
  21. ^ "TOWN OF SATICOY" 3 MR 15. Ventura County Recorder Surveyed March 1888, Recorded Oct. 1, 1888. Retrieved January 3, 2014 from CountyView GIS: layer "Record Maps"
  22. ^ a b Martinez, Arlene (March 4, 2014) "Planners debating the future of Saticoy; public welcome" Ventura County Star
  23. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: West Saticoy: Populated Place
  24. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Saticoy Elementary School
  25. ^ Ventura Unified School District. Our History Retrieved January 7, 2014
  26. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Brown Barranca
  27. ^ MITCHELL, J.E.. (1994-7-30) "SATICOY : Completion of Bridge Will Be Celebrated" Los Angeles Times WEST VENTURA COUNTY FOCUS Retrieved 2013-10-29.
  28. ^ FARLEY, SHANNON. 1990-1-18) New Saticoy Bridge Demanded Los Angeles Times Retrieved 2013-10-29.
  29. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cabrillo Village
  30. ^ Saticoy Lemon Association Official Website
  31. ^ Chawkins, Steve (2013-10-25). "Rodney Fernandez dies at 68; fought for affordable housing". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-10-27. 
  32. ^ "Cabrillo Village" Cabrillo Economic Development Corporation Website. Accessed 28 October 2013
  33. ^ Guskind, Robert and Peirce, Neil R. Breakthroughs: Recreating the American City 1989 Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence. Chapter 5 Farm Workers' Own Housing: Self-Help in Cabrillo Village
  34. ^ "Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence". Winners & Case Studies. Bruner Foundation. 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  35. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Saticoy CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  36. ^ City of Ventura (2013) "Feasibility Study Pursuant to Senate Bill 244 for Unincorporated Saticoy"

External links[edit]