Satish Dhawan Space Centre Second Launch Pad

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Second Launch Pad
GSLV2.jpg
A GSLV at the Second Launch Pad
Launch site Satish Dhawan Space Centre
Location 13°43′12″N 80°13′49″E / 13.7199°N 80.2304°E / 13.7199; 80.2304
Short name SLP
Operator India ISRO
Launch pad(s) One
Launch history
Status Active
Launches 13
First launch 5 May 2005
PSLV / Cartosat-1
Last launch 18 December 2014
GSLV Mk.III / CARE
Associated rockets PSLV
GSLV Mk.I
GSLV Mk.II

GSLV Mk.III

The Second Launch Pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre is a rocket launch site in Sriharikota, India. It is the second of two launch pads at the centre,The Second Launch Pad or SLP was designed, supplied, erected & commissioned by MECON Limited a Govt of Indian Enterprise, located at Ranchi (Jharkhand, India) during the period March,1999 to December 2003.[1] It cost about Rs 400 Cr at that time.[2] However it became operational only on 5 May 2005 with the launching of PSLV C6. MECON's sub-contractors for this project included Inox India, HEC,Tata Growth, Goderej Boyce, Simplex, Nagarjuna Construction, Steelage etc. The other Launch Pad being the First Launch Pad. It is used by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicles and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicles, and is intended for use with future Indian rockets including the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.III[3]


Launches[edit]

The first launch from the pad occurred on 5 May 2005, and was of a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle carrying the CARTOSAT-1 and HAMSAT satellites.[4] As of 2013, 6 PSLVs (all successful) and 4 GSLVs (1 partial success & 3 failures) have been launched from the complex. India's 1st Moon Mission, Chandrayan-I was launched from this launch Pad on 22 October 2008. The most recent launch was of a PSLV-C17 on 15 July 2011.[5]

Facilities[edit]

A GSLV D5 blasting off the Second Launch Pad

"As per the integrate, transfer and launch (ITL) concept, based on which the launch pad and the associated facilities are designed, the entire vehicle is assembled and checked-out on a mobile pedestal in the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) and then moved in vertical position to the launch pad on a roll track."[6]

"Other facilities include, Solid Stage Assembly Building (SSAB) connected to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) by a rail track, Technical Complex-2 (TC2), Spacecraft Preparation Facility, Range Instrumentation facilities comprising tracking, telemetry and tele-command systems."[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.meconlimited.co.in/FlashNews/Chandrayaan.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1081023/jsp/jharkhand/story_10006297.jsp
  3. ^ "Launch Facility". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Sriharikota SLP". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  5. ^ ISRO-developed computer helped PSLV-C17 put satellite in orbit
  6. ^ a b Public domain text sourced from the link - ISRO Launch Facilities