Satsar Lake

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Satsar Lake
Satsar Lakes.jpg
Location Ganderbal, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates 34°27′42″N 74°59′53″E / 34.461709°N 74.997935°E / 34.461709; 74.997935Coordinates: 34°27′42″N 74°59′53″E / 34.461709°N 74.997935°E / 34.461709; 74.997935
Lake type alpine lakes
Primary inflows Melting of glaciers
Primary outflows A stream which flows underground
Max. length 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) (from 1st to 7th)
Max. width 0.9 kilometres (0.56 mi) (width of the valley)
Surface area 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi) (total area)
Surface elevation 3,610 metres (11,840 ft)

The Satsar Lake or Sat Sar (literal English translation: “the seven lakes”) consists of seven small alpine lakes situated in the Kashmir Valley, in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.[1]

Geography[edit]

The Satsar Lake consists of seven small lakes connected with each other, set in a cascade formation. The lakes are situated in a narrow alpine valley stretching from north to south and spread over 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) distance with a width of 1 kilometre (0.62 mi). The lakes of Gangabal and Nundkol lie on the opposite side of Zajibal pass (4,041 metres (13,258 ft)). The Satsar Lakes are surrounded by lush green meadows which are home to shepherds during summer and serve as a camping site for tourists. Naranag is the nearest settlement and serves as the base camp for trekking to the lake in the summer.[2][3]

The Satsar Lake is mainly fed by melting snow. During the late summer and autumn, two or three lakes usually dry up, depending upon the precipitation. These lakes give rise to a stream which disappears and flows underground, from the sideby glacier a stream originates and flows down southwards and falls into Wangath Nallah through Churnar which is the major right tributory of the Sind River.[4]

Flora and fauna[edit]

During the winter, the Satsar Lakes are covered by heavy snow. The basin of the lake is surrounded by a sheet of alpine flowers in the summer; the geum, blue poppy, potentilla and gentian are relatively common. Hedysarum flowers are found in late spring throughout the area around the lake.[5]

All seven lakes are stocked with trout, mainly brown trout. Licensed anglers are permitted to fish in the lakes, although permission has to be obtained from Srinagar in advance.[6]

Access[edit]

The Satsar Lakes are accessible only during the summer; during the winter, the treks are closed because of the heavy snowfall. Satsar can be reached from Srinagar, via a 65 km motorable road which leads through Ganderbal and Wayil to the Naranag trekking camp. The alpine meadows of Trunakhul and Badpathri and the lakes of Nundkol and Gangabal lie along the route. An alternate trek starts from Chattergul village, 10 km to the west of Naranag, which leads through the meadows of Mahlish. The lake can also be accessed through Bandipora and the six-day trekking starting point is Arin. It can also be accessed through Gurais via Tulail. Tourists prefer to take the Naranag trek and return via Gadsar Lake, Vishansar Lake and Sonamarg or vice versa to cover most alpine lakes of the area.[7][3][8][1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hidden Lakes of Kashmir". IndianTrekking.com. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Stacey, Allan (1988). Visiting Kashmir. Hippocrene Books. p. 111. ISBN 9780870525681. 
  3. ^ a b Sharma, Shiv (2008). India – A Travel Guide. Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. p. 212. ISBN 9788128400674. 
  4. ^ J & K Yearbook & Who's Who. Rabir Publications. 1970. p. 486. 
  5. ^ "Know your Kashmir". Comrade Inn. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Angling and Sport Fishing". Go Adventure Sports. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Tulail - Gangabal - Naranag Trek". KashmirTreks. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Kohli, M. S. (1983). The Himalayas: Playground of the Gods – Trekking, Climbing and Adventures. Indus Publishing. p. 45. ISBN 9788173871078.