Sattelberg

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Sattelberg
Sattelberg is located in Papua New Guinea
Sattelberg
Sattelberg
Sattelberg, Papua New Guinea
Coordinates: 6°29′00″S 147°46′00″E / 6.48333°S 147.76667°E / -6.48333; 147.76667Coordinates: 6°29′00″S 147°46′00″E / 6.48333°S 147.76667°E / -6.48333; 147.76667
Country  Papua New Guinea
Established 1892
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)

Sattelberg, also spelt Satelberg ("Saddle Mountain"),[1] is a village on the Huon Peninsula, in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. The village is set on a peak about 900 metres (3,000 ft) above sea level,[2] and dominates the area, with Finschhafen below. A Lutheran mission was founded by Johann Flierl in 1892, when the area was part of German New Guinea.[3] As part of the settlement of World War I in 1919, responsibility for administering the territory was passed to Australia. In 1921, the Australian government gave permission for the German missionaries to remain, but placed the Lutheran Church of Australia in control of the mission. In the early 1930s, German influence was re-established as the Lutheran Church of Australia relinquished its control of the mission.[4]

During World War II, the Japanese occupied the surrounding area in early 1942. Following the Australian landing at Finschhafen in October 1943, the bulk of the Japanese garrison at Finschhafen retreated to Sattelberg. As part of the Australian 9th Division's advance towards Sio, they captured the mission at Sattelberg in November in what has become known as the Battle of Sattelberg.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Welsch and Lewis 1998, p. 188.
  2. ^ a b Coulthard-Clark 1998, p. 244.
  3. ^ Yates 1996, p. 44.
  4. ^ Thiels, Otto (11 July 1936). "Lutheran mission: Fifty years in New Guinea". The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 9. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 

References[edit]

  • Coulthard-Clark, Chris (1998). Where Australians Fought: The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles (1st ed.). St Leonards, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-611-2. 
  • Welsch, Robert; Lewis, Albert (1998). An American Anthropologist in Melanesia: A.B. Lewis and the Joseph N. Field South Pacific Expedition, 1909–1913, Volume 1. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-1644-5. 
  • Yates, Timothy (1996). Christian Mission in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-56507-3.