Saturnia pavoniella is a moth of the Saturniidae family. It is found in the alpine regions of Austria, Italy (including Sicily) and the Czech Republic across south-eastern Europe to northern Turkey and the Caucasus. It is possibly also present in south-eastern France.
The wingspan is 45-70mm for males and 50–95 mm for females. Adults are on wing from February to June. In northern Greece they are mainly found in May.
The larvae feed on a wide variety of plants. Recorded foodplants include Rubus, Prunus spinosa, Crataegus, Quercus, Carpinus, Betula, Salix, Erica, Vaccinium, Spiraea, Filipendula, Lythrum, Potentilla, Rosa, Calluna and Hippophae. In northern Greece the preferred hosts are Rubus ulmifolius and Pyrus amygdaliformis.
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