Saugus, Massachusetts

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Saugus, Massachusetts
Town
Saugus Town Hall
Saugus Town Hall
Official seal of Saugus, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Essex County in Massachusetts
Location in Essex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°27′53″N 71°00′38″W / 42.46472°N 71.01056°W / 42.46472; -71.01056Coordinates: 42°27′53″N 71°00′38″W / 42.46472°N 71.01056°W / 42.46472; -71.01056
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Essex
Settled 1629
Incorporated 1815
Government
 • Type Town Manager–Board of Selectmen/Representative town meeting
 • Town Manager Scott Crabtree
 • Board of Selectmen Ellen Faiella
Maureen Dever
Debra Panetta
Stephen Castinetti
Paul Allan
Area
 • Total 11.8 sq mi (30.6 km2)
 • Land 10.8 sq mi (28.0 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
Elevation 21 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,628
 • Density 2,300/sq mi (870/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01906
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-60015
GNIS feature ID 0619454
Website Town of Saugus, Official Web Site

Saugus is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, in the Greater Boston area. The population was 26,628 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Saugus was first settled in 1629. Saugus is an Indian name believed to mean "great" or "extended". In 1637, the territory known as Saugus (which also contained the present day cities and towns of Swampscott, Nahant, Lynn, Lynnfield, Reading, and Wakefield) was renamed Lin or Lynn, after King's Lynn in Norfolk, England.[2]

The Saugus Iron Works, in operation from 1646 to 1668, was the first integrated iron works in North America. It is now a U.S. National Historic Site.[3]

In September 1687, Major Samuel Appleton was said to have given a speech from a rocky cliff near the Iron Works denouncing the tyranny of Colonial Governor Sir Edmund Andros. The place where he is said to have delivered the speech became known as Appleton's Pulpit.[4][5][6]

Nearly 100 men from Saugus fought in the American Revolutionary War.[7] Saugus' preacher, Parson Joseph Roby, worked hard to strengthen the spirit of independence in Saugus and was instrumental in seeing that Saugus sent a large representation to participate in the war.[8][7]

The nineteenth century ice industry began in Saugus when in 1804 Frederic Tudor cut ice from a pond on the family farm and shipped it to Martinique.[9]

In 1805 the Newburyport Turnpike (now U.S. 1) was built. About four miles of this road was built in Saugus. At first the turnpike was considered a mistake, as it was built over hills and swamps and grass soon grew over the road bed. From 1840 to 1846, the tolls were discontinued and it became a public highway.[10] The invention of the automobile resulted in an increase of traffic on the Turnpike. In 1933 the road was widened and an overpass was added to separate the traffic on Route 1 and Main Street. In the 1950s new businesses began moving to Route 1. Today the businesses along Route 1 generate millions in dollars for Saugus.[11]

The Lynn territory was shortened beginning in 1814 with the incorporation of Lynnfield. On February 17, 1815, present-day Saugus was officially incorporated as a town. The first town meeting was held on March 13, 1815 in the parish church. At the time of its incorporation, Saugus' population was 784. Its main industry was agriculture.[10]

During the Industrial Revolution, many new industries moved to Saugus. Shoes and woolen goods were made in Saugus Center, and tobacco was manufactured in Cliftondale and East Saugus.[10] Following the American Civil War, the Cliftondale section of Saugus became a major producer of tobacco as many of the southern tobacco plantations were in ruins. The Waitt & Bond tobacco house became a major producer of cigars and the snuff factory in East Saugus was the nation's largest producer of that product. Due to its thriving tobacco industry, Saugus was dubbed the "Winston-Salem of the North".[12]

Saugus' first post office was established in 1832 in East Saugus. In 1858 two more were established - one in Saugus Center and one in Cliftondale.[10] Now only the Cliftondale post office remains in Saugus.

The first town hall was built in 1837. It was built with $2,000 of the United States revenue surplus distributed by President Andrew Jackson. It is currently an American Legion hall. In 1875 the town built its second and current town hall on Central Street. The construction of the town hall put Saugus in a $50,000 debt. For this and other reasons the neighborhood of East Saugus sought to be set off from Saugus and annexed to the city of Lynn. East Saugus was unable to get a bill in both houses of the state legislature, and the issue was dropped after the town appropriated $5,000 for the laying of water pipes through East Saugus.[10]

Passenger trains ran through Saugus from 1853 to 1958 on the Saugus Branch Railroad. There were three Saugus Branch stations in Saugus (Saugus Center, Cliftondale, and Pleasant Hills) and two just outside the town's borders in Lynn (East Saugus) and Revere (Franklin Park).[13]

Saugus was home to the Franklin Park harness racing track,[14] also known as the Old Saugus Race Track[15] or Saugus Race Course.[16] It closed in 1905 after local citizens complained about the questionable patrons that the racetrack attracted.[17]

In 1911 the racetrack became an airfield.[17] In 1912, the property was purchased by the General Aviation Corporation who named it Atwood Park in honor of their most famous pilot, Harry Atwood.[18] The airfield saw the first airmail delivery in New England on May 30, 1912.[15] Pioneer aviators Ruth Bancroft Law[19] and Lincoln J. Beachey[11] flew at Saugus. The airport closed in the 1920s.[17]

On October 8, 1900, George E. Bailey was murdered at Breakheart Hill Farm in Saugus. His legs and torso would be found nine days later in Floating Bridge Pond in Lynn. His head and arms were found there the next day. After a highly publicized investigation and trial, John C. Best was found guilty of murder. He was executed on September 9, 1902.[20][21]

Wheelabrator Technologies' Waste-to-Energy plant in Saugus became the first commercially-successful incineration plant in the U.S.

Following a June 2, 1947, referendum, the town adopted a Plan E form of government. Saugus became the first town in Massachusetts to accept this form of government.[22] On February 16, 1948, James Shurtleff was unanimously chosen by the Board of Selectmen to become the first Town Manager of Saugus.[23]

Saugus is home to the oldest barber shop in the United States. The 111-year-old George's Barber Shop is located in the Cliftondale section of Saugus.

Saugus Public Library

In the 1970s, the town, led by Town Manager Francis Moorehouse, attempted to transform the area around Route 107 by having an oil refinery and a garbage incineration plant built.[24][25] Although the refinery plans fell through in October 1975, the incineration plant was completed. It would become the first commercially-successful incineration plant in the U.S. and is still in operation today.[26]

In 1989, the attempted murder of Frank Salemme by Angelo Mercurio took place in Saugus.

During the 1990s and 2000s, the town's Capital Improvement Plan, designed by Edward J. Collins, Jr., resulted in the construction of the new public safety building, senior center, library and public works facility. The Saugus Town Hall and the Stackpole Field clubhouse were renovated.[27][28] In 2001, Town Manager Steven Angelo was able to secure federal funds to dredge the Saugus River, a project that had lingered since the 1960s.[29]

Geography and transportation[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.8 square miles (30.6 km2), of which 10.8 square miles (28.0 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), or 8.53%, is water.[30] The town lies just inland from Massachusetts Bay, divided from the ocean by the Point of Pines neighborhood of Revere. The southern end of town is dominated by Rumney Marsh, which lies along the Pines River, a tributary of the Saugus River. The Saugus River flows through town, and is fed by several brooks. There are several ponds within town, including parts of Birch Pond, Hawkes Pond and Walden Pond. Part of the Lynn Woods Reservation, and most of the Breakheart Reservation and Rumney Marsh Reservation lie within town.

Saugus Center Rotary

Saugus is divided into several neighborhood villages, including Saugus Center, East Saugus, North Saugus, Pleasant Hill, Lynnhurst, Oaklandvale and Cliftondale. Of these, the majority of the town's population resides in Lynnhurst, Pleasant Hills, Cliftondale, East Saugus and Saugus Center; Oaklandvale and North Saugus are much less densely populated. The town lies at the southern end of Essex County (though it is not the southernmost town in the county; Nahant extends just south of the town). The town is bordered by Lynnfield to the north, Lynn to the east, Revere (in Suffolk County) to the south, and Melrose and Wakefield to the west, in Middlesex County. The town also shares a common point with the city of Malden, where it also meets Melrose and Revere. Saugus lies 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Salem, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Boston, 24 miles (39 km) southwest of Cape Ann and 20 miles (32 km) south of the New Hampshire state line.

U.S. Route 1 passes through town along a divided highway, with five exit ramps throughout town. This stretch of Route 1, though not a full controlled access highway (it is lined with a major shopping district, including the Square One Mall), is a major commuter route out of Boston, heading towards the intersection of Interstate 95 and Massachusetts Route 128 in Lynnfield. The route is also shared by a 3/4-mile long concurrency with Route 129, which passes through North Saugus before joining Route 1 to head northward into Lynnfield. Route 99 terminates at Route 1 as well, in the southern end of town. Route 107 passes through the town as the Salem Turnpike through the Rumney Marsh, crossing the Saugus River into Lynn over the Fox Hill Bridge.

The Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail passes through the southeast corner of town, between two stations in Lynn (at the GE plant and at Central Square) and one in nearby Chelsea. The Blue Line of the MBTA's subway line terminates in Revere; there has been talk of extending the subway into Lynn. Saugus is also served by several MBTA bus, linking the town with nearby train lines. The nearest airport is Boston's Logan International Airport.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1820 748 —    
1830 960 +28.3%
1840 1,098 +14.4%
1850 1,552 +41.3%
1860 2,024 +30.4%
1870 2,247 +11.0%
1880 2,625 +16.8%
1890 3,673 +39.9%
1900 5,084 +38.4%
1910 8,047 +58.3%
1920 10,874 +35.1%
1930 14,700 +35.2%
1940 14,825 +0.9%
1950 17,162 +15.8%
1960 20,666 +20.4%
1970 25,110 +21.5%
1980 24,746 −1.4%
1990 25,549 +3.2%
2000 26,078 +2.1%
2010 26,628 +2.1%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40]

As of the census of 2010, there were 26,628 people, 10,318 households, and 7,144 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,373.7 people per square mile (916.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.9% White, 4.0% Hispanic or Latino, 2.7% Asian, 2.1% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races.

There were 10,318 households out of which 17.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.8% were non-families. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 4.5% under the age of 5, 5.2% from 5 to 9, 5.7% from 10 to 14, 5.9% from 15 to 19, 5.6% from 20 to 24, 5.6% from 25 to 29, 5.5% from 30 to 34, 6.4% from 35 to 39, 7.3% from 40 to 44, 8.1% from 45 to 49, 8.4% from 50 to 54, 7.5% from 55 to 59, 6.9% from 60 to 64, 4.9% from 65 to 69, 3.8% from 70 to 74, 3.6% from 75 to 79, 2.9% from 80 to 84, and 2.3% who were 85 years of age or older. The median age was 43.9 years.

The median income for a household in the town was $55,301, and the median income for a family was $65,782. Males had a median income of $43,219 versus $32,783 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,524. About 3.1% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Saugus Town Hall front view

Since 1947 Saugus has had a Plan E form of government, which is a combination of representative town meeting and Town Manager. Saugus was the first town in Massachusetts to accept this form of government.[41][42] This plan included a Single transferable vote voting system, but this was abandoned in 1950.[43]

Elections for all seats on the Board of Selectmen, School Committee, Town Meeting, and Housing Authority are held biennially in odd-numbered years.[42]

Town manager[edit]

The Town Manager serves as the chief administrative manager and chief fiscal officer of Saugus, Massachusetts. He is appointed by the Board of Selectmen.[42]

Board of Selectmen[edit]

The Board of Selectmen consists of five at-large members. The Board serves as the chief policy makers of the Town.[42] Selectmen are ineligible to hold any other town office.[42]

School committee[edit]

The School Committee consists of five at-large members.[42] School Committee members are ineligible to hold any other town office.[42]

Town Meeting[edit]

Saugus representative town meeting consists of 50 members; five for each of the town's ten precincts. The annual town meeting is held on the first Monday in May. At the first town meeting after each election of town meeting members, a moderator of all town meetings shall be elected by the body. The moderator must be a town meeting member.[42]

Media[edit]

Saugus Cable Television Station or SCTS is a Public-access television station that provides local television programing to the community. SCTS broadcasts to Saugus Comcast cable subscribers on channel 8 (public-access), channel 9 (government), and channel 22 (educational).

Saugus is home to two newspapers, the Saugus Advertiser and the Saugus Advocate.

Since 1950, the transmitter for WROL has been located off of the Salem Turnpike in Saugus.[44] It was previously used by WHDH from 1934 to 1948.[45][46]

Points of interest[edit]

Saugus Center and Town Hall

Notable people[edit]

Movies and television shows filmed in Saugus[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Saugus town, Essex County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 5, 2012. 
  2. ^ United States Census Office. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880 18. pp. 242–243. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  3. ^ http://www.nps.gov/sair Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site
  4. ^ Jewett, Issac Appleton (1801). Memorial of Samuel Appleton of Ipswich, Massachusetts: With Genealogical Notices of Some of His Descendants. Boston. pp. 19–20. 
  5. ^ Report of the Board of Metropolitan Park Commissioners. January, 1893. p. 39. 
  6. ^ Ipswich Historical Society (1906). "A Genealogy of the Ipswich Descendants of Samuel Appleton.*". Publications of the Ipswich Historical Society: 31. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Atherton, Horace A. (1916). History of Saugus, Massachusetts. Citizens Committee of the Saugus Board of Trade. pp. 27–32. 
  8. ^ Lewis, Alonzo (1829). The History of Lynn. J. H. Eastburn. pp. 195–196. 
  9. ^ Diana Muir, Reflections in Bullough's Pond, University Press of New England, p.99.
  10. ^ a b c d e Wilbur F. Newhall, Esq. (1888). History of Essex County, Massachusetts: With Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men, Volume 1. J. W. Lewis & Co. 
  11. ^ a b Norman E. Down (1997). Images of America: Saugus. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-0469-5. 
  12. ^ Glynn, Robert (May 16, 1965). "Saugus Proud of 'Image' Improvement". The Boston Globe. 
  13. ^ Carlson, Stephen P. (1980). All Aboard!. Saugus, Massachusetts: Stephen P. Carlson. 
  14. ^ "Left His Creditors Behind". The New York Times. February 19, 1889. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  15. ^ a b "Atwood as Aerial Mail Man". Boston Evening Transcript. May 31, 1912. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  16. ^ "To Purify Amateur Sport.". Boston Evening Transcript. November 11, 1896. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  17. ^ a b c http://www.nmca.org/Nmca98-4.htm RUMNEY MARSH, PARK AVENUE RESTORATIONS PROJECT
  18. ^ Mansfield, Howard (1999). Skylark: The Life, Lies, and Inventions of Harry Atwood. Lebanon, New Hampshire: University Press of New England. p. 65. ISBN 0874518911, 9780874518917 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  19. ^ Jean Adams, Margaret Kimball, Jeanette Eaton (1970). Heroines of the Sky. Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc. 
  20. ^ Alison C. Simcox and Douglas L. Heath (2013). Breakheart Reservation. Arcadia Publishing. 
  21. ^ Wilhelm, Robert (2011). Murder and Mayhem in Essex County. The History Press. 
  22. ^ "Saugus Adopts Plan E, With Town Manager, 3252 to 816". Boston Daily Globe. June 3, 1947. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  23. ^ "Saugus Elects Town Manager". Boston Daily Globe. February 17, 1948. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  24. ^ Cowen, Peter (March 13, 1972). "$190m oil refinery proposed in Saugus". Boston Globe. 
  25. ^ Langer, Paul (March 10, 1972). "New Saugus incinerator to make steam from refuse". Boston Globe. 
  26. ^ Waste-to-Energy: Less Environmental Impact than Almost Any Other Source of Electricity, Integrated Waste Services Association homepage
  27. ^ Gaffney, Mike (January 31, 2007). "Former Town Manager Ed Collins dies at 63". Saugus Advertiser. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  28. ^ "Edward J. Collins, Jr. Biography". University of Massachusetts Boston. UMASS Boston. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 
  29. ^ John Laidler (February 18, 2001). "River Dredged to Improve Navigation, Berthing Areas". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  30. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Saugus town, Essex County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 5, 2012. 
  31. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  32. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  33. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  34. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  35. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  36. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  37. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  38. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  39. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  40. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Saugus Adopts Plan E, With Town Manager, 3252 to 816". Boston Daily Globe. June 3, 1947. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h "Charter of the Town of Saugus". Town of Saugus, Massachusetts. Town of Saugus, Massachusetts. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  43. ^ Zimmerman, Joseph Francis (1967). The Massachusetts Town Meeting: A Tenacious Institution. Graduate School of Public Affairs, State University of New York. p. 26. 
  44. ^ "The Boston Radio Dial: WROL(AM)". bostonradio.org. The Archives @ BostonRadio.org. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  45. ^ Halper, Donna; Wollman, Garrett. "The Eastern Massachusetts Radio Timeline: the 1930s". The Archives @ BostonRadio.org. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  46. ^ "The Boston Radio Dial: WEEI(AM)". The Archives @ BostonRadio.org. August 16, 2009. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  47. ^ "IMDB.com - "American Playhouse" Three Sovereigns for Sarah (1985)". IMDB. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  48. ^ "IMDB.com - Filming locations for The Joneses". IMDB. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  49. ^ Chris Stevens. "Saugus' Breakheart playing perfect host to 'Furry' filming". The Daily Item. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  50. ^ "Filming locations for Mark of the Dog Rose". IMDb. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  51. ^ http://www.onlocationvacations.com/2012/05/15/major-grown-ups-2-set-being-built-at-phillips-park-in-swampscott-ma/

External links[edit]