Fast of Nineveh
|Fast of Nineveh|
Jonah preaches to the Ninevites
|Official name||ܒܥܘܬܐ ܕܢܝܢܘܝܐ|
|Observed by||Syriac Christian Churches
Oriental Orthodox Churches
|Celebrations||Three days fast|
|Begins||Monday of the third week before lent|
|2012 date||30–1 January|
|2013 date||21–23 January|
Fast of Nineveh also known as the Fast of Ba'utha (Classical Syriac: ܒܥܘܬܐ ܕܢܝܢܘܝܐ Baʻūṯá d-Ninwáyé, literally "Rogation of the Ninevites"), is a three day fast commemorating the repentance of the Ninevites at the hands of prophet Jonah according to the bible. The fast is observed for three days starting Monday three weeks before Ash Wednesday.
This is one of the most strictly observed fasts in the Church of the East and the Syriac Orthodox Church tradition. This fast lasts for three days beginning on the Monday, the third week before the beginning of the Great Lent. The origin of this fast was to commemorate a miraculous cessation of plague which broke out in the region of Beth Garmai. When struck with disaster, the faithful of the place gathered in the Church to pray and began to do great acts of penance and the plague ceased suddenly. To remember this great mercy of Lord, this fast came to be observed annually. Since it is observed for three days, it is commonly known as Moonnunoimbu (three days fast) in the Malankara (Indian) Orthodox Church. It is also known as the fast of Jonah since it commemorates the conversion of Nineveh through the preaching of prophet Jonah. It is time for the penitential practice for the whole Church and the Church does her penance and prayers like that of Jonah in the belly of the big fish and that of the Ninevites.
Traditionally, in the Indian Orthodox Church, Holy Eucharist is celebrated only at the end of fasting, and not during the three days of lent.
Fasting in the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Tradition 
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