Sauria Paharia people

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Sauria Paharia
Regions with significant populations
              Jharkhand 31,050
Languages
Sauria Paharia language
Religion
Traditional beliefs
Related ethnic groups
Oraon • Kumarbhag Paharia

The Sauria Paharia people (also known as Maler Paharia) are a tribal people of Jharkhand in India. They are found mostly in Santhal Parganas.

History[edit]

Link with Oraons[edit]

According to Oraon traditions, when they were driven out of their home in the Son valley, the main group migrated towards Palamu but a smaller group moved down the Gangetic valley till they reached Rajmahal Hills, where they settled mostly in Damin-i-koh. The language of the Sauria Paharias is closely linked to that of the Oraons.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Sauria Paharias are listed as a primitive tribe and have a population of around 30,000 in Jharkhand, with a possible negligible population in West Bengal. They constitute less than 1 per cent of the tribal population in Jharkhand.[2][3][4]

Society[edit]

Sauria Paharias resort to shifting cultivation. They lead family lives.[5]

The Saurias are divided into three distinct cultural groups, namely the Probia, the Bare and the Chete.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, p. 81, Orient Longmans, 1949
  2. ^ "Growth and Distribution of Tribal Population in Jharkhand -1961-2001: A Census Analysis By Shubhangi Thatte". Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  3. ^ "Tribal population profile in Jharkhand state". Retrieved 2010-05-01. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Primitive Tribal Groups and their Population in India as per 2001 Census". Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  5. ^ "Sautia Paharia Adivasi". Jharkhand Org. Retrieved 2010-08-25. 
  6. ^ S. N. Ratha, Georg Pfeffer, Deepak Kumar Behera. "Contemporary Society: Identity, intervention and ideology in tribal India". p. 404. Google books. Retrieved 2010-08-25.