Saussurea obvallata is a species of flowering plant in the Asteraceae, it's native to the Himalayas and Uttarakhand, India, Northern Burma and South-West China. In Himalayas, it is found at an altitude of around 4500 m. It is the state flower of Uttarakhand. Saussurea obvallata is a Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1 ft). The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Local name of this flowers is Brahma Kamal, Kon and Kapfu.
Confusion about the Brahma Kamal flower
In Hindu drawings Brahma is seen sitting on a pink flower that is resembling lotus (Sanskrit: कमल), which is India's National flower. Hence people claim that the pink flower of Nelumbo nucifera to be Brahma Kamal. However others claim the flower on which he is sitting on, which resembles lotus is sprouted from belly button of Lord Vishnu. The flower which Brahma is holding in one of his four hands, a white flower resembling Saussurea obvallata is Brahma Kamal. There are people who claim that flower of Epiphyllum oxypetalum (Orchid Cactus), which blooms at night, to be Brahma kamal. Some North Indians claim that the flower of Saussurea obvallata to be Brahma Kamal.
Brahma kamal is a medicinal herb. The plant is considered a herb in Tibetan medicine. Its name is ཤཟའ བདྭད མཤ དཤྭ (Sah-du Goh-ghoo). It has a bitter taste. The entire plant is used. It is endangered because people are cutting it down for their own use. It is found in the region of the Himalayas. It is also used to cure uro-genital disorders.
- "Saussurea obvallata (DC.) Edgew.". The Plant List. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "Saussurea obvallata - Brahma Kamal". flowersofindia.net. 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012. "Brahma Kamal, the much reverred flower of the Himalayas, is an excellent example of plant life at the upper limit of high mountains (3,000-4,600 m)."
- "Uttarakhand State Signs | Uttarakhand State Animal | Uttarakhand State Bird | Uttarakhand State Flower | Uttarakhand State Tree". uttaraguide.com. 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012. "State Flower : Brahm Kamal"
- Kala, C.P. 2010. Medicinal plants of Uttarakhand. BioTech Books, Delhi. 188 pp
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