Savonlinna

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Savonlinna
Nyslott
Town
Savonlinnan kaupunki
The marina of Savonlinna
The marina of Savonlinna
Coat of arms of Savonlinna
Coat of arms
Location of Savonlinna in Finland
Location of Savonlinna in Finland
Coordinates: 61°52′05″N 028°53′10″E / 61.86806°N 28.88611°E / 61.86806; 28.88611Coordinates: 61°52′05″N 028°53′10″E / 61.86806°N 28.88611°E / 61.86806; 28.88611
Country Finland
Region Southern Savonia
Sub-region Savonlinna sub-region
Charter 1639
Government
 • Town manager Janne Laine
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 1,973.13 km2 (761.83 sq mi)
 • Land 1,210.51 km2 (467.38 sq mi)
 • Water 762.62 km2 (294.45 sq mi)
Area rank 43rd largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 27,420
 • Rank 40th largest in Finland
 • Density 22.65/km2 (58.7/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 97.7% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 2.2%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 13.7%
 • 15 to 64 64.5%
 • 65 or older 21.8%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 20.5%
Website www.savonlinna.fi

Savonlinna (Swedish: Nyslott, Russian: Нейшлот, Neishlott) is a town and a municipality of 27,420 (31 January 2014)[2] inhabitants in the southeast of Finland, in the heart of the Saimaa lake region. The Finnish name of the town means "Castle of Savonia" and the Swedish name means "Newcastle". The city's Russian name is a direct transliteration of the Swedish name.

History[edit]

The city was founded in 1639, based on Olavinlinna castle. The castle was founded by Erik Axelsson Tott in 1475 in an effort to protect Savonia and to control the unstable border between the Kingdom of Sweden and its Russian adversary. During the Russo-Swedish War (1741–1743), the castle was captured by Field-Marshal Peter Lacy. It was held by Russia between 1743 and 1812, when it was granted back to Finland as a part of the "Old Finland".

In 1973 the municipality of Sääminki was consolidated with Savonlinna. In the beginning of year 2009 the municipality of Savonranta and a 31.24 km2 (12.06 sq mi) land strip from Enonkoski between Savonlinna and Savonranta were consolidated with Savonlinna.

Transport[edit]

This town is 335 kilometres (208 mi) away from the capital of Helsinki by road, some four hours away by train. There is an airport in the town, and the journey to Helsinki takes 40–60 minutes by plane. It is built on a chain of islands located throughout a number of large lakes.

Education[edit]

The University of Eastern Finland has a campus in Savonlinna, primarily for teacher education.

Attractions[edit]

Olavinlinna is a 15th-century three-tower castle.

The city hosts the famous annual Savonlinna Opera Festival. The operas are performed on a stage built inside the castle. It also has hosted the Mobile Phone Throwing World Championships annually since 2000.

Sports[edit]

The ice hockey team of Savonlinna, SaPKo or Savonlinnan Pallokerho, is playing in the second tier Mestis. Notable SaPKo alumni include Jarmo Myllys, Ville Leino, Tuukka Rask (Boston Bruins) and Hannu Aravirta. One notable hockey player from the city who did not play for SaPKo is Joonas Rask of HIFK and formerly the Nashville Predators, younger brother of Tuukka.

The top-tier volleyball team Saimaa Volley plays some of its home matches in Savonlinna. The football team Savonlinnan Työväen Palloseura (STPS), is playing in Kolmonen, the fourth tier.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Savonlinna is twinned with:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Savonlinnan ystävyyskaupungit". savonlinna.fi. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Savonlinna at Wikimedia Commons

Picture gallery[edit]