Savoy Records

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USA Savoy disc of the 1940s

Savoy Records is an American record label specializing in jazz, black gospel, soul/R&B, and blues. Starting in the mid-1940s, Savoy played an important part in popularizing the jazz subgenre of bebop.

History[edit]

Savoy was founded in 1942 by Herman Lubinsky. The Newark, New Jersey label issued many of the important early bebop jazz albums. With the rise of rock and roll, Lubinsky concentrated more on African-American black gospel music, recording many groups of the 1950s and cementing Savoy's preeminence in the black gospel recording industry through its association with James Cleveland and his Gospel Music Workshop of America.

Savoy's artistic directors have included Buck Ram, Teddy Reig, Ralph Bass (1948‒1952), Fred Mendelsohn (1953), and Ozzie Cadena (1954‒1962, father of punk rock musician, Dez Cadena).

After Lubinsky's death in 1974, Clive Davis (then manager of Arista Records) acquired Savoy's catalog. The current owner of its jazz and blues material is Columbia Music Entertainment of Japan which operates in the US as Savoy Label Group (SLG). In 1986, Malaco Records acquired Savoy's black gospel titles and contracts.[1]

Many of the label's African-American artists begrudged label founder, Herman Lubinsky, feeling grossly underpaid for their work. Tiny Price, a journalist for the African-American newspaper, The Newark Herald News, said of Savoy and Lubinsky:

There's no doubt everybody hated Herman Lubinsky. If he messed with you, you were messed. At the same time, some of those people ‒ many of them Newark's top singers and musicians ‒ would never have been exposed to records if he didn't do what he did. Except for Lubinsky, all the hot little numbers, like Buddy Johnson's "Cherry" would have been lost. The man may have been hated, but he saved a lot of our history for us and for future generations.

[citation needed]

In the early 1960s, Savoy recorded a number of avant-garde jazz artists, giving them important early exposure. These included Paul Bley, Ed Curran, Bill Dixon, Marc Levin, Charles Moffett, Perry Robinson, Joseph Scianni, Archie Shepp, Sun Ra, Marzette Watts, and Valdo Williams.

As of 2012, the Savoy library is primarily controlled by Nippon Columbia, a Tokyo, Japan-based public company which purchased Savoy in 1991. Nippon Columbia's wholly owned subsidiary, Savoy Jazz, handles Savoy Records distribution in the United States.

Discography[edit]

The following are 12" LPs and have the prefix MG.

Cat Artist Album
12000 Parker, Charlie Memorial 1
12001 Parker, Charlie Immortal Charlie Parker, The
12002 Garner, Erroll Penthouse Serenade
12003 Garner, Erroll Serenade To Laura
12004 McPartland, Marian At Storyville/At The Hickory House
12005 McPartland, Marian Lullaby Of Birdland
12006 Clarke, Kenny Strollin' (Telefunken Blues)
12007 Clarke, Kenny & Ernie Wilkins Septet
12008 Garner, Erroll/Billy Taylor Back To Back
12009 Parker, Charlie Memorial 1
12010 Johnson, J.J. & Kai Winding Jay And Kai
12011 Navarro, Fats Fats, Bud, Klook, Sonny, Kinney
12012 Gordon, Dexter & Wardell Gray Jazz Concert - West Coast
12013 Hawkins, Coleman Hawk Returns, The
12014 Parker, Charlie Genius Of Parker
12015 Bert, Eddie Musician Of The Year
12016 McPartland, Marian/George Shearing Great Britain's Marian McPartland & George Shearing
12017 Clarke, Kenny Bohemia After Dark
12018 Adderley, Cannonball Presenting Cannonball Adderley
12019 Bert, Eddie Encore
12020 Gillespie, Dizzy Groovin' High
12021 Adderley, Nat That's Nat
12022 Wess, Frank Flutes And Reeds
12023 Jones, Hank, Marshall, Wendell, Clarke, Kenny Trio, The
12024 McKinley, Ray Borderline
12025 Raeburn, Boyd Man With The Horns
12026 McGhee, Howard With Milt Jackson
12027 Scott, Jimmy Very Truly Yours
12028 Mehegan, John Reflections
12029 (Various Artists) Montage
12030 Clarke & Burke Jazz Young Blood
12031 Smith, LaVergne New Orleans Nightingale
12032 Byrd, Donald Byrd's Word
12033 Caiola, Al Deep In A Dream
12034 Russell, Pee Wee Jazz At Storyville 1
12035 Davison, Wild Bill At Storyville
12036 Jackson, Milt Opus de Jazz
12037 Jones, Hank Quartet-Quintet
12038 Carey, Mutt & Punch Miller New Orleans Jazz 1
12039 Roland, Joe Joltin' Joe Roland
12040 Raeburn, Boyd Boyd Meets Stravinsky
12041 (Various Artists) Jazz At Storyville 2
12042 Jackson, Milt Roll 'Em Bags
12043 (Various Artists) Jazz Keyboard, The
12044 Wilkins, Ernie Top Brass
12045 Jazz Composers Workshop Jazz Composers Workshop
12046 Modern Jazz Quartet Quartet, The
12047 Gillespie, Dizzy Champ, The
12048 Cohn, Al Cohn's Tones
12049 Mehegan, John & Eddie Costa Pair Of Pianos, A
12050 Carey, Mutt & Punch Miller New Orleans Jazz 2
12051 Cuozzo, Mike Mighty Mike
12052 Costa, Johnny Amazing, The
12053 Jones, Hank, Clarke, Kenny Trio With Guests, The
12054 Tjader, Cal/Don Elliot Vibrations
12055 Davison, Wild Bill Ringside At Condon's
12056 Urso, Phil Philosophy Of Urso, The
12057 Caiola, Al Serenade In Blue
12058 VerPlanck, Marlene I Think Of You
12059 Jazz Composers Workshop Jazz Composers Workshop 2
12060 (Various Artists) Singin' & Swingin'
12061 Jackson, Milt Meet Milt Jackson
12062 Gibbs, Terry Swing, Not Spring
12063 Wilder, Joe Wilder And Wilder
12064 Mobley, Hank The Jazz Message of Hank Mobley
12065 Clarke, Kenny Klook's Clique
12066 Brock, Herbie Solo
12067 Stewart, Slam Bowin' Singin' Slam
12068 Young, Lester Blue Lester
12069 Brock, Herbie Brock's Tops
12070 Jackson, Milt The Jazz Skyline
12071 Young, Lester The Master's Touch
12072 Wess, Frank North, South, East...Wess
12073 Herbert, Mort Night People
12074 Winding, Kai Loaded
12075 Ball, Ronnie All About Ronnie
12076 Mehegan, John How I Play Jazz Piano
12077 Wayne, Chuck Guitarist
12078 Foster, Frank No 'Count
12079 Parker, Charlie Story
12080 Jackson, Milt Jackson's Ville
12081 Wallington, George Trio
12082 Coates, Johnny Portrait
12083 Clarke, Kenny Jazzmen: Detroit
12084 Jones, Hank Have You Met Hank Jones
12085 Clarke, Kenny Opus In Swing
12086 Wess, Frank Trombones & Flute
12087 Jones, Hank Quartet
12088 Norvo, Red Move!
12089 Pepper, Art Surfride
12090 Pollack, Ben Dixieland (Pick-a-rib Boys)
12091 Morgan, Lee & Hank Mobley Introducing Lee Morgan
12092 Mobley, Hank Jazz Message No. 2
12093 Norvo, Red/George Shearing Midnight On Cloud 69
12094 Smith, Paul By The Fireside
12095 Wess, Frank Jazz For Playboys
12096 Wilkins, Ernie Trumpets All Out
12097 McPartland, Marian Lookin' For A Boy
12098 Auld, Georgie/Bobby Sherwood Jumpin' Bands, The [NEVER ISSUED]
12099 Byrd, Charlie Jazz Recital
12100 (Various Artists) I Just Love Jazz Piano (Pianos: Down & Out)
12101 Ver Planck, Billy Dancing Jazz
12102 Wess, Frank & Herbie Mann Flute Suite By A.K. Salim
12103 Lateef, Yusef Jazz Mood
12104 Hodeir, Andre Essais
12105 Getz, Stan Lestorian Mode
12106 Johnson, J.J. J. J. Johnson's Jazz Quintets
12107 Mann, Herbie Mann Alone
12108 Mann, Herbie & Phil Woods Yardbird Suite
12109 Lateef, Yusef Jazz for the Thinker
12110 Gillespie, Dizzy Dizzy Gillespie Story
12111 Reece, Dizzy/Tubby Hayes Changing The Jazz At Buckingham Palace
12112 (Various Artists) Jazz We Heard Last Summer
12113 Hodeir, Andre Paris Scene, The
12114 Getz, Stan Opus De Bop
12115 Salim, A.K. & Yusef Lateef Stablemates
12116 Byrd, Charlie Blues For Night People
12117 Lateef, Yusef Prayer to the East
12118 Salim, A.K. Pretty For The People
12119 (Various Artists) In The Beginning…Bebop!
12120 Lateef, Yusef Jazz and the Sounds of Nature
12121 Ver Planck, Billy Jazz For Playgirls
12122 Wallington, George Jazz At Hotchikiss
12123 Wess, Frank Jazz Is Busting Out All Over!
12124 Shihab, Sahib Jazz Shihab
12125 (Various Artists) Many Faces Of Blues, The
12126 (Various Artists) Jazz Hour, The
12127 Harden, Wilbur Mainstream 1958
12128 Donaldson, Bobby Dixieland Jazz Party
12129 (Various Artists) Jazz Carousel, A [NEVER ISSUED]
12130 Gordon, Dexter Dexter Rides Again
12131 Harden, Wilbur Jazz Way Out
12132 Salim, A.K. Blues Suite
12133 Navarro, Fats Nostalgia
12134 Harden, Wilbur Plays The King And I
12135 (Various Artists) Gift Of Jazz
12136 Harden, Wilbur Tanganyika Strut
12137 Gryce, Gigi Nica's Tempo
12138 (Various Artists) Bird's Night
12139 Lateef, Yusef Dreamer
12140 Lateef, Yusef The Fabric of Jazz
12141 Fuller, Curtis Blues-ette
12142 Wess, Frank Opus The Blues
12143 Fuller, Curtis The Curtis Fuller Jazztet
12144 Fuller, Curtis Imagination
12145 Jordan, Duke/Hall Overton Do-It-Yourself Jazz
12146 Gryce, Gigi Do-It-Yourself Jazz
12147 Payne, Cecil Patterns Of Jazz
12148 Red Rodney Fiery
12150 Scott, Jimmy Fabulous Jimmy Scott, The
12151 Fuller, Curtis [NEVER ISSUED]
12152 Parker, Charlie Evening At Home, An
12153 Davis, Miles Miles Ahead [NEVER ISSUED]
12154 Ervin, Booker Cookin'
12155 Young, Lester Jazz Immortal Series 2
12156 Rae, Johnny Opus De Jazz 2
12157 Argo, Tony Jazz Argo
12158 Pizzarelli, Bucky & Vinnie Burke Music Minus Many Men
12160 Barron, Bill Tenor Stylings
12161 Long, Barbara Voice Of Barbara Long, The
12162 Tatum, Art [NEVER ISSUED]
12163 Barron, Bill Modern Windows
12164 Fuller, Curtis Images of Curtis Fuller
12167 Baltazar, Gabe [NEVER ISSUED]
12169 Sun Ra The Futuristic Sounds of Sun Ra
12170 Hardman, Bill '"Saying Something
12171 Blakey, Art Midnight Session
12172 New York Jazz Ensemble Adams Theme
12173 Mathews, Mat Four French Horns Plus Rhythm
12174 Charles, Teddy Vibe-rant
12175 New York Jazz Quartet Gone Native
12176 (Various Artists) Giants Of Jazz, The
12177 Robinson, Perry Funk Dumpling
12178 Dixon, Bill & Archie Shepp Archie Shepp – Bill Dixon Quartet
12179 Parker, Charlie Bird Returns
12180 Brokensha, Jack And Then I Said
12181 Scott, Jimmy If You Only Knew
12182 Bley, Paul Paul Bley
12183 Barron, Bill Hot Line, The
12184 Shepp, Archie Bill Dixon 7-tette/Archie Shepp and the New York Contemporary 5
12185 Scianni, Joseph New Concepts
12186 Parker, Charlie Newly Discovered Sides
12187 Hill, Vinson Vinson Hill Trio
12188 Williams, Valdo New Advanced Jazz
12189 Pozar, Robert F. Good Golly, Miss Nancy
12190 Levin, Marc Dragon Suite, The
12191 Curran, Ed Elysa
12192 Jeffrey, Paul Electrifying Sounds
12193 Watts, Marzette Marzette Watts Ensemble
12194 Moffett, Charles Gift, The
12195 Carn, Doug Doug Carn Trio
12196 (Various Artists) Jazz Concert West Coast
12197 Cole, Cozy Concerto For Cozy
12198 Cain, Jackie & Roy Kral  
12199 Johnson, Pete Pete's Blues
12200 Kennedy, Charlie/Charlie Ventura Crazy Rhythms
12201 Jenkins, John & Donald Byrd Jazz Eyes
12202 Ventura, Charlie East Of Suez
12203 Byas, Don Free And Easy
12204 Gillespie, Dizzy Dizzy Gillespie, Milt Jackson, Joe Carroll
12205 (Various Artists) South Pacific Jazz
12206 Bright, Ronnell Bright's Spot
12207 Pollack, Ben/Wingy Manone Dixieland Strut
12208 (Various Artists) We Dig Dixieland Jazz
12209 Fuller, Curtis Jazz ...It's Magic!
12210 Bagley, Don Jazz On The Rocks
12211 Adams, Pepper Cool Sound Of Pepper Adams, The
12212 Ashby, Dorothy Jazz Harpist
12213 (Various Artists) Dixieland Mainstream
12214 Davison, Wild Bill/Bill Stafford Dixieland
12215 Pepper, Art & Sonny Red Two Altos
12216 Williams, Joe Sings
12217 (Various Artists) Singin' And Swingin'
12218 Terry, Sonny & Brownie McGhee Down Home Blues
12219 Bailey, Mildred Mildred Bailey
12220 (Various Artists) Girls Sing, The
12300 Scott, Jimmy Very Truly Yours
12301 Scott, Jimmy Fabulous Songs Of Jimmy Scott, The
12302 Scott, Jimmy Fabulous Voice Of Jimmy Scott, The
12303 Barron, Bill Motivation
12304 [NO ARTIST] [NEVER ISSUED]
12305 Ferrante, Rock Rock 'n Rhythm
13001 Salim, A. K. Blues Suite
13002 Harden, Wilbur Plays The King And I
13003 Donaldson, Bobby Dixieland Jazz Party
13004 Harden, Wilbur Jazz Way Out
13005 Harden, Wilbur Tanganyika Strut
13006 Fuller, Curtis Blues-ette
13007 Lateef, Yusef Dreamer
13008 Lateef, Yusef Fabric Of Jazz, The
13009 Wess, Frank Opus De Blues
13010 Fuller, Curtis Jazztet Feat. Benny Golson
13011 Fuller, Curtis Imagination
13012 Pizzarelli, Bucky Midnite Mood
14002 Brown, Nappy Sings
14003 Scott, Jimmy If You Only Knew
14004 Price, Sammy Rock
14005 Big Maybelle Sings
14009 (Various Artists) Angry Tenors
14010 Cole, Cozy Concerto For Cozy
14011 Big Maybelle Candy
14012 Turner, Joe And The Blues'll Make You Happy, Too!
14016 Turner, Joe Careless Love
14018 (Various Artists) House Rent Party
14019 Terry, Sonny & Brownie McGhee Back Country Blues
14025 Brown, Nappy Right Time, The
14033 Ammons, Gene Golden Saxophone
14041 Bascomb, Dud [NEVER ISSUED]
14471 Person, Houston Gospel Soul Of Houston Person, The
16000 (Various Artists) Livin' With The Blues
16001 [NO ARTIST] [NEVER ISSUED]
16002 Rolle, Esther Garden Of My Mind, The
16003 Scott, Jimmy Can't We Begin Again

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Acorn Records (1949‒1951)
  • Gospel Records (1958‒early 1970s)
  • Regent Records (1947‒1964)
  • Sharp Records (1960‒1964)

Further reading[edit]

  • "The Savoy Label: A Discography," by Michel Ruppli & Bob Porter
  • "Swing City:Newark Nightlife, 1925‒1950," by Barbara K. Kukla.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Malaco Story". Malaco. Retrieved 2013-03-11. 

External links[edit]