Savoyard dialect

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"Savoyard" redirects here. For the Italian wine grape, see Savoyard (grape).
"Savoyan" redirects here. For the French wine grape, see Savoyan (grape).
Savoyard
Savoyârd
Native to France, Italy, Switzerland
Region Aosta Valley, Savoy, Valais
Native speakers
35,000  (date missing)[1]
Latin
Official status
Official language in
Italy (protected by statute).
France (region language).
Regulated by Institute Savoyard language
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
frp-sav

Savoyard is a dialect of Arpitan (Franco-Provençal). It is spoken in some territories of the historical Duchy of Savoy, nowadays a geographic area spanning France (in Savoie and Haute-Savoie) and Switzerland (in the canton of Geneva). The varieties are commonly known as patois. It has around 35 thousand speakers today.

Some words[edit]

Several subdialects of Savoyard exist that exhibit unique features in terms of phonetics and vocabulary. Among them, many words have to do with the weather: bacan (French: temps mauvais); coussie (French: tempête); royé (French: averse); ni[v]ole (French: nuage); ...and, the environment: clapia, perrier (French: éboulis); égra (French: sorte d'escalier de pierre); balme (French: grotte); tova (French: tourbière); and lanche (French: champ en pente).

Linguistic studies[edit]

Savoyard has been the subject of detailed study at the Centre de dialectologie of the Stendhal University, Grenoble, currently under the direction of Michel Contini.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Le francoprovençal, langue oubliée, Gaston Tuaillon in Vingt-cinq communautés linguistiques de la France, tome 1, p.204, Geneviève Vernes, éditions L’Harmattan.