Saw Maung

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For the painter, see Saw Maung (painter).
Saw Maung
စောမောင်
SawMaung.jpg
Chairman of the State Law and Order Restoration Council
In office
18 September 1988 – 23 April 1992
Vice President General Than Shwe
Preceded by Doctor Maung Maung (as President)
Succeeded by Senior General Than Shwe
7th Prime Minister of Burma
In office
21 September 1988 – 23 April 1992
Preceded by Tun Tin
Succeeded by Senior General Than Shwe
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Myanmar
In office
18 September 1988 – 23 April 1992
Deputy General Than Shwe
Preceded by Chairmen Maung Maung
Succeeded by Senior General Than Shwe
Personal details
Born (1928-05-12)12 May 1928
Mandalay, Upper Burma, British India
Died 24 July 1997(1997-07-24) (aged 68)
Yangon, Myanmar
Nationality Burmese
Political party SLORC
Spouse(s) Daw Aye Yee
Children Thiha Saw
Kay Thi Saw
Thura Saw
Residence Yangon
Religion Theravada Buddhism
Military service
Service/branch Myanmar Army
Years of service 1946 - 1992
Rank Senior General

Senior General Saw Maung (Burmese: စောမောင်, pronounced: [sɔ́ màʊɴ]; 12 May 1928 – 24 July 1997) was the founder of the State Law and Order Restoration Council, later renamed State Peace and Development Council in Myanmar. He served as Chairman from 1988 to 1992.

Early life and career[edit]

He was born on 12 May 1928 in Mandalay, Upper Burma.

Saw Maung joined the army in 1946, two years before Burma gained independence from Britain, and received a commission in 1952. From 1975–76, he fought against communist insurgents and ethnic rebels along the border with Thailand. In 1976, he became a brigadier general, and in 1981 an adjutant-general. He became armed forces commander in 1983.

Saw Maung was army chief of staff and defence minister in the brief government of Sein Lwin and became chairman of the junta when the army staged its coup in 1988 after the 8888 Uprising. He was effective ruler of the country as head of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). He also held the posts of prime minister and foreign minister. As a high-ranking member of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP), he provided continuity of leadership during a succession of short-lived predecessors that followed the toppling of Ne Win earlier in 1988.

Chairman of SLORC[edit]

Saw Maung assumed responsibility as chairman of the newly formed SLORC on 18 September 1988, replacing the BSPP and promised multi-party elections to follow soon. He publicly stated that he would hand over power to the winning party and would have the army return to the barracks; where in his own words they "rightfully belonged". This proved to be too much for hardliners in the military and loyalists of Ne Win. SLORC held free elections in 1990. The 1990 parliamentary elections were won by the National League for Democracy (NLD) led by Aung San Suu Kyi, but SLORC did not accept the results in a clear sign of Saw Maung's authority being undermined.

Saw Maung resigned as Chairman of SLORC in April 1992. According to the junta this was for health reasons.[1][2] However this was the result of Saw Maung being sedated, isolated and quietly removed from power in a palace coup, after which it was widely reported that Saw Maung was actually suffering from a nervous breakdown and believed himself to be the reincarnation of an 11th-century warrior-king.[3] This was in fact a plot by his successor General Than Shwe and other hardliners to justify the takeover and cement his control. Some believe that Saw Maung's decision to hand over power to Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy was too much for other generals who also had the consent from Ne Win to carry out the palace coup.

Saw Maung died of a heart attack at 68 on 24 July 1997.[4]

Family and personal life[edit]

He married Daw Aye Yee who died on 25 December 2004. He is succeeded by his three children; two sons and a daughter, and three grandchildren.

Saw Maung was also a golfer and a devout Buddhist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wheeler, Ned (28 July 1997). "Obituary: General Saw Maung". The Independent (London). 
  2. ^ http://www.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=742
  3. ^ "Saw Maung Is Dead at 68; Led a Brutal Burmese Coup". The New York Times. 27 July 1997. 
  4. ^ "Heroes and Villains". The Irrawaddy March 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2008. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Maung Maung (acting)
Chairman of the State Law and Order Restoration Council
After 1997 State Peace and Development Council
1988–1992
Succeeded by
Than Shwe
Preceded by
Tun Tin
Prime Minister of Burma
1988–1992
Succeeded by
Than Shwe