Peshwa Madhav Rao II (b. 18 Apr. 1774 – d. 27 Oct. 1795), (aka His Highness Shrimant Sawai Madhavrao Peshwa or Madhav Rao II Narayan), was Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India, from a young age. He was known as Sawai Madhav Rao or Madhav Rao Narayan. He was the posthumous son of Narayanrao Peshwa, murdered in 1773 on the orders of Raghunathrao Madhavrao was considered the legal heir, and was brought to power as peshwa by the treaty of Salbai in 1782.
His time in power was dominated by the political intrigues of Nana Phadnis. Madhavrao's death was said to be by suicide. An old legend says that he jumped down from the high walls of the Shaniwar Wada in Pune.
A Representation of the delivery of the Ratified Treat of 1790 by Sir Chas Warre Malet Bart to His Highness Soneae Peshwa, in full Durbar or Court as held upon that occasion at Poonah in the East Indies on the 6th July, 1790