Sawai Madhopur

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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Sawai Madhopur district.
Sawai Madhopur
सवाई माधोपुर
Madhopur (माधोपुर)
city
Hills inside the Old city and Ghataliya Balaji temple situated on this hill
Hills inside the Old city and Ghataliya Balaji temple situated on this hill
Nickname(s): Tiger city
Sawai Madhopur is located in Rajasthan
Sawai Madhopur
Sawai Madhopur
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 25°59′N 76°22′E / 25.983°N 76.367°E / 25.983; 76.367Coordinates: 25°59′N 76°22′E / 25.983°N 76.367°E / 25.983; 76.367
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Sawai Madhopur
Founded by Sawai Madho Singh I
Named for Himself
Government
 • Type Rajasthan Government
 • Body Municipality
Population (2011)
 • Total 120,998
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 322021
Telephone code +07462
Vehicle registration RJ 25
Sex ratio 887 per 1000 /
Website sawaimadhopur.nic.in

Sawai Madhopur (Hindi: सवाई माधोपुर ) is a city and Municipal Corporation (Nagar Parisad) in Sawai Madhopur District, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarters of the district.

It is home to the Ranthambore National Park and the historic Ranthambore Fort a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies within the national park. Sawai Madhopur is famous for its guavas, affectionately known as "Madhopur guavas" in Rajasthan.

History[edit]

Sawai Madhopur was built as a planned cityby Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I of Jaipur on 19 January 1763 , who named the township after himself.On 19 January 2014, Sawai madhopur celebrated its 251th foundation day.

Climate[edit]

  • Subtropical, dry climate with distinct winter, summer and rainy season.
  • Highest Temperature = 49.0C (May–June)
  • Lowest Temperature = 2.0 C (December–January)
  • Average Rainfall = 800 mm
  • Monsoon = July to September
  • Humidity = 10–15%(summer), 60%(rainy)
  • Visit Season = Nov-May (National Park remains closed in Monsoon)

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census [1] Sawai Madhopur had a population of 120,998. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sawai Madhopur has an average literacy rate of 70.63%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 82.14%, and female literacy is 65.46%. [2] In Sawai Madhopur, 12.63% of the population is under 6 years of age. The languages commonly spoken in Sawai madhopur are English, Hindi and Dhundhari.

Education[edit]

Sawai Madhopur has a well-established education infrastructure. There are a number of modern schools and colleges ( both government and privately ) run in Sawai Madhopur. Some organizations are also working in this sector to improve the educational scenario.

Sawai Madhopur District Court,Sawai Madhopur

College[edit]

School[edit]

Organization[edit]

Local Theaters (Cinema)[edit]

  • Sooraj Cinema, City , Sawai Madhopur
  • Prem Mandir, Bazaria , Sawai Madhopur
  • Prakash Talkies , Bazaria, Sawai Madhopur

Local dances[edit]

  • Ghoomar dance
  • Sawai Madhopur dance
  • Kalbeliya dance

Fairs and Festivals[edit]

Trinaitra Ganesh, Ranthambore Fort, Sawai Madhopur

Ganesh Chaturthi Fair[edit]

Ganesh Chaturthi Fair is the largest fair of Sawai Madhopur. It is organised on Bhadav Shukla Chaturthi at Ganesh Temple, Ranthambhore Fort. This is very popular fair in Rajasthan. People of Rajasthan and outside Rajasthan visit for this fair. Every year 3–4 lacks devotees participates in this fair. This fair is organised for three days.

Dussera[edit]

Dussera is celebrated in Sawai Madhopur for 10 days in the month of October.

Chouth Mata Mela[edit]

This fair is held in monsoon, at chouth mata temple in chouth ka barwada. It is also a big fair of rajasthan.

Tourism[edit]

Tourist attractions in Sawai Madhopur[edit]

Naulkha gate,ranthambor fort

It is one of the largest national parks in India. It is situated around 11 km away from the city of Sawai Madhopur. It was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India, and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambore became a national park in 1980. In 1984, the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries.

T24- The largest tiger in Ranthambore National park

The history of Sawai Madhopur revolves around the Ramthambhor fort. Surrounded by Vindhyas and Aravalis, amidst vast and arid denuded tracts of Rajasthan, lies the oasis of biomass in an ecological desert, the Great Ranthambhor. No one knows when this fort was built.

The strength and inaccessibility of the fort was a challenge to the ambitions of the rulers of the ancient and medieval India, particularly those of Delhi and Agra. The eminent ruler of the fort was Rao Hamir who ruled around 1296 AD.

History relates that none of the rulers had a peaceful spell in spite of its strong geographical strength. Remnants of marvelous architectural monuments, ponds and lakes enlighten avid lover of the subject. The soul of this great fort inspires patriotism, valour and love. Every part reflects the ancient character of Indian culture and philosophy.

There are various places of historical interest inside the fort namely Toran Dwar, Mahadeo Chhatri, Sameton Ki Haveli, 32 pillared Chhatri, Mosque and the Ganesh Temple.

Foundation Stone Laying Ceremony of Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History Sawai Madhopur,Rajasthan was done by:Shri.M.Hamid Ansari Hon'ble Vice President of India on Date:23 December 2007.

The Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History, Sawai Madhopur is conceived to be an informal center for environmental education and creation of public awareness on conservation of nature and natural resources. The museum proposes to undertake the task of communication and creating public awareness through the potential medium of exhibits and educational activities.It would provide an understanding of the diversity of life on earth, the factors responsible for their well being,man's dependence upon nature and the necessity to maintain our ecological heritage free from damage and destruction to ensure sustainable development, with special emphasis on the Western Arid region of India.

Kala-Gaura Temple

It is the Rural Arts and Crafts Complex.The Rural Arts and Crafts Complex is conceived as a living ethnographic museum to depict the lifestyles of the folk and tribal people of the West Zone. Within this complex, huts of the member states are constructed incorporating traditional architectural features of different geographical and ethnic groups residing within the West Zone of India comprising five Federal States. One of the important objectives of Shilpgram is in the sphere of increasing awareness and knowledge of rural life and crafts, specifically, for the younger generation. Special emphasis is laid on workshops for children on arts, crafts, theatre and music.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Sawai Madhopur has its own Air Strip which is not in use for transport purpose. However, It is used for ministers campaigns and meetings.Jaipur International Airport at 132 km is the nearest airport from Sawai Madhopur.

Rail[edit]

Sawai Madhopur Junction

Sawai Madhopur Junction is located on the Delhi to Mumbai trunk route. This is by far the best way of reaching the place from Delhi, Jaipur or Kota.

The city is a halt for many trains, including Jaipur - Indore Super Fast, Dayodaya Express (Jaipur - Jabalpur Express), Jodhpur - Indore Intercity, Hazrat Nizamuddin - Indore Express, Marusagar Express (Ajmer - Ernakulam Express / Ernakulam Express), Jaipur - Mysore Express, Jaipur - Chennai Express, Jaipur - Coimbatore Express, Jodhpur - Puri Express, Jodhpur - Bhopal Express, Jodhpur - Indore Intercity, and the August Kranti Rajdhani Express.

The Jaipur - Indore Super Fast connects Sawai Madhopur to major city of Madhya Pradesh, Indore Junction. There is also a Jan Shatabdi Express train, from Sawai Madhopur to national capital Delhi. The other includes Kota - Hanumangarh Express, Sawai Madhopur-Mathura Passenger, Jaipur-Bayana Passenger. Kota - Patna Express connects Sawai Madhopur and Patna cities via Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi.

The luxury trains – The Palace on Wheels, The Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, Maharajas' Express, The Indian Maharaja also make a scheduled stop at Sawai Madhopur on their eight-day round trip of tourist destinations.

Kota-Lalsot Highway

Roads[edit]

Sawai Madhopur is well connected with neighboring districts and with major cities outside the state. NH-116 (Tonk-Sawai Madhopur ) and Kota-Lalsot Mega Highway passes through the city.

Intra-city Transport[edit]

City Buses, Tempo and autos are available for traveling within the Sawai Madhopur city and to travel nearby tourist sports such as Ranthambore National Park and Ranthambore Fort Jeeps, Canter and Gypsy are available.

Media[edit]

The largest circulated daily newspapers in Sawai Madhopur are the Rajasthan Patrika and Dainik Bhaskar,though the city has numerous other daily newspapers too.

All India Radio (AIR / Akashvani) Sawai Madhopur broadcast, local Ratio station -FM band (101.5 MHz) in the city. Programs are broadcast in Hindi and Rajasthani languages. Sawai Madhopur, Tonk, Karauli and Dausa Districts are covered under Sawai Madhopur Akashvani.[3]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Name Census 2011, Rajasthan data". censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 28 Feb 2012. 
  2. ^ "Sawai Madhopur City Census 2011 data". www.census2011.co.in. 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "AIR SAWAI MADHOPUR". allindiaradio.gov.in. 1992.