Sawran

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Sawran
صوران
Town
Sawran is located in Syria
Sawran
Sawran
Coordinates: 36°33′54″N 37°12′44″E / 36.56500°N 37.21222°E / 36.56500; 37.21222
Country  Syria
Governorate Aleppo Governorate
District A'zaz District
Nahiyah Sawran
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • Total 6,998
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Sawran (also spelled Suran, Soran or Sawwaran) is a town in northern Syria, administratively part of the Aleppo Governorate, located 22 kilometers north of Aleppo. Nearby localities include A'zaz to the west, al-Harjalah to the north, Mare' to the south and Tell Rifaat to the southwest. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Sawran had a population of 6,988 in the 2004 census.[1]

History[edit]

Sawran's history dates back to the Iron Age when it was an Aramaean settlement in the Kingdom of Bit Adini known as "Surunu." In a military campaign against Bit Adini's king Ahuni, the Neo-Assyrian king Shalmaneser III raided and captured Surunu.[2] It later came under the rule of Assyrian king Tiglath Pileser III.[3]

During the Byzantine era in Syria, Sawran was inhabited by the Arab tribe of Tanukh. Before the Muslim conquest it served an Arab Christian center and contained a fortified monastery. During early Islamic rule, Sawran was part of Jund Qinnasrin ("Military District of Chalcis"), part of the larger Bilad al-Sham province.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Aleppo Governorate. (Arabic)
  2. ^ Bryce, 2009, pp. 674-675.
  3. ^ Lipinsky, 2000, pp. 210-211.
  4. ^ Shahid, 2009, p. 404.

Bibliography[edit]