Saxegothaea

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Saxegothaea
Saxegothea conspicua 3.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Podocarpaceae
Genus: Saxegothaea
Species: S. conspicua
Binomial name
Saxegothaea conspicua
Lindl.

Saxegothaea is a genus comprising a single species of conifer belonging to the podocarp family Podocarpaceae, its full scientific name is Saxegothaea conspicua, native to southern South America. It grows in Chile and Argentina from 35° to 46° South latitude, in its northernmost natural distribution it grows between 800 and 1000 (2600-3300 ft) m above sea level and in the south it lives at sea level. . The species is most often known by its genus name, or sometimes as Female Maniu (a translation of its name in Spanish) and "Prince Albert's Yew", although it is not a yew (Taxus); in South America it is known as Mañío hembra or Maniú hembra.

It is a slow-growing, long-lived evergreen tree growing to 15-25 m (50-80 ft)tall, with a trunk up to 1 m in diameter. The bark is thin and flaky to scaly, dark purple-brown. The leaves are arranged in an irregular spiral; they are lanceolate, 1.5-3 cm long, 2 mm broad, fairly hard with a prickly spine tip, dark green above, and with two glaucous blue-white stomatal bands below. The cones are 1 cm long, with 15-20 soft scales; usually only 2-4 scales on each cone are fertile, bearing a single seed 3 mm in diameter.

Saxegothaea is endemic to the Valdivian temperate rain forests of southern Chile and adjacent parts of Argentina, where it is generally found in association with Pilgerodendron uviferum and Fitzroya cupressoides

The wood has a good quality and is used in furniture and barrels.

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