Saxeten

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Saxeten
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Saxeten
Canton Bern
District Interlaken-Oberhasli
46°38′N 7°50′E / 46.633°N 7.833°E / 46.633; 7.833Coordinates: 46°38′N 7°50′E / 46.633°N 7.833°E / 46.633; 7.833
Population 98 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 5 /km2 (13 /sq mi)
Area 19.14 km2 (7.39 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,103 m (3,619 ft)
Postal code 3813
SFOS number 0591
Surrounded by Aeschi bei Spiez, Därligen, Lauterbrunnen, Leissigen, Wilderswil
Website www.saxeten.ch
SFSO statistics
Saxeten is located in Switzerland
Saxeten
Saxeten

Saxeten is a municipality in the Interlaken-Oberhasli administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

In 1999 it was the site of an incident where 21 tourists and local canyon guides were killed in a flash flood in Saxetenbach canyon.

History[edit]

Saxeten is first mentioned in 1303 as Sachsaton.[3]

During the Middle Ages, the Saxetenbach valley belonged to the Unspunnen Herrschaft. During the 13th century the Freiherr of Weissenburg inherited a half share of the village from Unspunnen. In 1334, Weissenburg sold his share to Interlaken Abbey. The other half share remained with Unspunnen. In 1348-49, the village joined an unsuccessful rebellion of the Bernese Oberland against the Abbey. In 1500, the Unspunnen half of the village was acquired by the city of Bern. In 1528, the city of Bern adopted the new faith of the Protestant Reformation and began imposing it on the Bernese Oberland. Iseltwald joined many other villages and the Abbey in an unsuccessful rebellion against the new faith. After Bern imposed its will on the Oberland, they secularized the Abbey and annexed all the Abbey lands, finally combining the two shares of the village.[3]

Saxeten has always been part of the large parish of Gsteig bei Interlaken, now a village in the municipality of Gsteigwiler.

Today the local economy is built on seasonal alpine farming and herding and some tourism.

Saxetenbach Disaster[edit]

On 27 July 1999, there was an accident in the Saxetenbach Gorge, just above the village of Saxeten, in which 21 young people from Australia, New Zealand, England, South Africa, and Switzerland died.

48 people from 2 coach tour parties had opted to do a side activity of canyoning where you float, swim and climb through an area, such as a gorge. It was organized by Adventure World, a now defunct company who were located in Wilderswil, not far from Saxeten.

At 6pm, flash floods began pouring through the gorge and 21 people within the group were swept to their deaths. 18 were tourists and 3 were canyon guides. By 7pm, the stories had hit the world's news screens, and the hotels people were staying in were bombarded with phone calls, but the staff only saw what was on television.[4]

The survivors were rescued and then questioned by Swiss Polizei before being released and returned to their hotel at 1am the next morning. Until then they had no idea how many people had died nor the enormity of the disaster.[4]

Identifying the dead bodies was a serious problem for the Swiss authorities, the bodies were badly traumatized. 11 survivors opted to go and identify the dead at the mortuary, but many had to be identified through DNA and dental analysis.[4][5]

Families were desperate to see for themselves what had happened, and Swissair along with Swiss medical services provided meet & greet sessions for families, and also much counseling for those who had been present.[4]

Bodies of the dead washed up in Lake Brienz, a popular boating lake during peak Summer tourist season.

Since the incident, there has been much rumor released into the press about what happened. Emergency services claim they sent someone to tell the group of the impending storms, and families of the dead claim that the company should have seen the signs of the weather. Swiss authorities were quick to blame profit making and general negligence as the cause of the accident.[6]

After the disaster, Adventure World went out of business. Their former premises, near the Wilderswil Station, are now occupied by a bank. In 2001, some of the staff at Adventure World were charged in connection to the deaths. A total of six staff members were found guilty of manslaughter through culpable negligence and given suspended sentences of between two and five months and fined between 4,000 and 7,500 CHF.[7][8]

Origin of the name[edit]

The name Saxeten probably goes back to the Latin form "saxata" (rocky point).

Geography[edit]

View of Interlaken and Brienz Lake from Saxeten

Saxeten has an area of 19.14 km2 (7.39 sq mi).[2] Of this area, 7.77 km2 (3.00 sq mi) or 40.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 6.07 km2 (2.34 sq mi) or 31.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.27 km2 (0.10 sq mi) or 1.4% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.3 km2 (0.12 sq mi) or 1.6% is either rivers or lakes and 4.75 km2 (1.83 sq mi) or 24.8% is unproductive land.[9]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 0.5% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.8%. Out of the forested land, 24.6% of the total land area is heavily forested and 4.0% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 4.4% is pastures and 36.2% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water. Of the unproductive areas, 9.2% is unproductive vegetation and 15.6% is too rocky for vegetation.[9]

It is located near the center of the Bödeli watershed.

The Saxetenbach flows through Saxeten, before it joins the Lütschine in Wilderswil.

On 31 December 2009 Amtsbezirk Interlaken, the municipality's former district, was dissolved. On the following day, 1 January 2010, it joined the newly created Verwaltungskreis Interlaken-Oberhasli.[10]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules on a Pile inverted Argent two Ibex Horns Sable in Saltire.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Saxeten has a population (as of December 2013) of 98, all Swiss citizens.[1] Over the last 10 years (2000-2010) the population has changed at a rate of -24.8%. Migration accounted for -29.3%, while births and deaths accounted for 2.3%.[12] Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (127 or 99.2%) as their first language with the rest speaking French[13]

As of 2008, the population was 46.0% male and 54.0% female. The population was made up of 46 Swiss men and 54 Swiss women.[14] Of the population in the municipality, 64 or about 50.0% were born in Saxeten and lived there in 2000. There were 46 or 35.9% who were born in the same canton, while 11 or 8.6% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 2 or 1.6% were born outside of Switzerland.[13]

As of 2010, children and teenagers (0-19 years old) make up 17% of the population, while adults (20-64 years old) make up 54% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 29%.[12]

As of 2000, there were 57 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 64 married individuals, 6 widows or widowers and 1 individuals who are divorced.[13]

As of 2000, there were 10 households that consist of only one person and 4 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 45 apartments (55.6% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 23 apartments (28.4%) were seasonally occupied and 13 apartments (16.0%) were empty.[15] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2011, was 2.2%.

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][16]

Politics[edit]

In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the Swiss People's Party (SVP) which received 52.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the another local party (12.5%), the Conservative Democratic Party (BDP) (9.8%) and the Social Democratic Party (SP) (7.5%). In the federal election, a total of 40 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 44.0%.[17]

Economy[edit]

As of 2011, Saxeten had an unemployment rate of 0.85%. As of 2008, there were a total of 39 people employed in the municipality. Of these, there were 22 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 10 businesses involved in this sector. 1 person was employed in the secondary sector and there was 1 business in this sector. 16 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[12] There were 58 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 34.5% of the workforce.

In 2008 there were a total of 22 full-time equivalent jobs. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 13, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 1, all of which were in manufacturing. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 8. In the tertiary sector; 2 were in the movement and storage of goods, 2 were in a hotel or restaurant and 4 were in education.[18]

In 2000, there were 3 workers who commuted into the municipality and 39 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 13.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[19] Of the working population, 12.1% used public transportation to get to work, and 58.6% used a private car.[12]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 4 or 3.1% were Roman Catholic, while 104 or 81.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 24 individuals (or about 18.75% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. 2 (or about 1.56% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 6 individuals (or about 4.69% of the population) did not answer the question.[13]

Education[edit]

In Saxeten about 34 or (26.6%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 3 or (2.3%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). All 3 who completed tertiary schooling were Swiss men.[13]

The Canton of Bern school system provides one year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend additional schooling or they may enter an apprenticeship.[20]

During the 2010-11 school year, there were a total of 11 students attending classes in Saxeten. There were no kindergarten classes in the municipality. A total of 7 students attended a primary school in another municipality. During the same year, there was one lower secondary class with a total of 4 students.[21]

As of 2000, there were 14 students in Saxeten who came from another municipality, while 6 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[19]

Transportation[edit]

Saxeten is the starting point of a number of routes: the Suls-Lobhorn-Hütte, over the Rengglipass to Aeschiried, and through Wilderswil to the Schynige Platte.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b c Saxeten in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d Case Study
  5. ^ Victims battered beyond recognition
  6. ^ Profit drive blamed for disaster
  7. ^ "Undertaking to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission given for the purposes of Section 87B". Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. 2002. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "21 Menschen starben im Saxetbach". 20 Minuten Online. 26 July 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2013.  (German)
  9. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  10. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 4 April 2011
  11. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 5 April 2013
  12. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 5 April 2013
  13. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  14. ^ Statistical office of the Canton of Bern (German) accessed 4 January 2012
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  17. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office 2011 Election (German) accessed 8 May 2012
  18. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  19. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  20. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (Report). http://edudoc.ch/record/35128/files/Schulsystem_alle.pdf. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  21. ^ Schuljahr 2010/11 pdf document(German) accessed 4 January 2012

External links[edit]